OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

environment and natural resources

Scientists make breakthrough in assessing marine phytoplankton health

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Researchers from Oregon State University, NASA and other organizations said today that they have succeeded for the first time in measuring the physiology of marine phytoplankton through satellite measurements of its fluorescence – an accomplishment that had been elusive for years.

With this new tool and the continued use of the MODIS Aqua satellite, scientists will now be able to gain a reasonably accurate picture of the ocean’s health and productivity about every week, all over the planet.

Data such as this will be critically important in evaluating the effect on oceans of global warming, climate change, desertification and other changes, the researchers said. It will also be a key to determining which areas of the ocean are limited in their productivity by iron deficiency – as this study just showed the Indian Ocean was.

“Until now we’ve really struggled to make this technology work and give us the information we need,” said Michael Behrenfeld, an Oregon State University professor of botany. “The fluorescence measurements allow us to see from outer space the faint red glow of tiny marine plants, all over the world, and tell whether or not they are healthy. That’s pretty cool.”

Ocean phytoplankton are single-celled organisms that are responsible for half of the photosynthetic productivity on Earth. They fuel nearly all marine ocean ecosystems and are the base of the marine food chain.

Measurements of phytoplankton are an important way to understand the broader health and productivity of the ocean, researchers say. Some of the measurements available prior to this, such as phytoplankton biomass or their carbon-to-chlorophyll ratio, provided part of the picture, but were often only available for tiny portions of the ocean at a time.

To grow, however, these phytoplankton absorb energy from the sun, and then allow some of that energy to escape as red light that is called fluorescence. The new measurements of fluorescence, literally the dim glow that these plants put off, will help complete the understanding of ocean health on a much broader and more frequent basis.

Some surprises are already in.

It was known, for instance, that parts of the equatorial Pacific Ocean, some regions around Antarctica and parts of the sub-Artic Pacific Ocean below Alaska were limited in production by the poor availability of iron. The newest data, however, show that parts of the northern Indian Ocean during the summer are also iron limited – a phenomenon that had been suggested by some ocean and climate models, but never before confirmed.

“Iron is often brought to the oceans by dust coming off terrestrial regions, and is a necessary nutrient that often limits the potential for marine phytoplankton growth,” said Allen Milligan, an OSU assistant professor of botany and co-author of this study, which is being published in the journal Biogeosciences.

“If forces such as global warming, circulation changes or the growth of deserts change the amount of dust entering the oceans, it will have an impact on marine productivity,” Milligan said. “Now we’ll be able to track those changes, some of which are seasonal and some of which may happen over much longer periods of time. And we’ll also be able to better assess and improve the climate models that have to consider these phenomena.”

Funding for this research was provided by the Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry Program of NASA, which announced the findings today in a news conference. Other collaborators were from the University of Maine/Orono, University of California/Santa Barbara, University of Southern Mississippi, the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Cornell University, and the University of California/Irvine.

In continued studies, researchers at OSU hope to reproduce the marine environment that these phytoplankton cells live in, learn more about their basic biology and better understand why and how they can be seen from space. Further research may also explore how the oceans might respond to iron enrichment.

 

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Michael Behrenfeld, 541-737-5289

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Fluorescence Yield

A digital image showing how the input of iron into marine ecosystems can affect phytoplankton growth in the oceans.

Oregon State University researchers receive weed science awards

CORVALLIS, Ore. – An Oregon State University professor and three graduate students have received awards from the Western Society of Weed Science.

Carol Mallory-Smith, a professor of weed science at OSU, was named "Outstanding Weed Scientist, Public Sector" for her long-term research and teaching contributions.

OSU graduate student Maria Zapiola was awarded first place in the poster contest at the society’s recent annual meeting for her presentation, "Impact of immersion time and water temperatures on germination of creeping bentgrass seed." Suphannika Intanon took third place for "Target-site mutations and cross-resistance to acetolactate synthase inhibiting herbicides in mayweed chamomile."

Melody Rudenko took second place in the paper contest in the Range and Forestry, Wetlands and Wild Lands category for her paper, "Integrating chemical control and restoration of sites invaded by Japanese knotweed."

Weeds that affect wheat, peppermint and grass seed, as well as other crops, are the emphasis of Mallory-Smith's work. "Gene flow," or the movement of genes by cross-pollination between weeds and crops, is a major focus, she said.

"Gene flow has been an increasing area of interest with the introduction of herbicide resistant crops," she said. "Using the tools of molecular genetics, we seek to understand the nature of hybridization between wheat and the jointed goatgrass weed and how it can be avoided by crop management."

Source: 

Carol Mallory-Smith, 541-737-5883

OSU scientists identify endangered right whales where they were presumed extinct

NEWPORT, Ore. – Using a system of underwater hydrophones that can record sounds from hundreds of miles away, a team of scientists from Oregon State University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has documented the presence of endangered North Atlantic right whales in an area they were thought to be extinct.

The discovery is particularly important, researchers say, because it is in an area that may be opened to shipping if the melting of polar ice continues, as expected.

Results of the study were presented this week at a meeting of the Acoustical Society of America in Portland, Ore.

The scientists are unsure of exactly how many whales were in the region, which is off the southern tip of Greenland and site of an important 19th-century whaling area called Cape Farewell Ground. But they recorded more than 2,000 right whale vocalizations in the region from July through December of 2007.

“The technology has enabled us to identify an important unstudied habitat for endangered right whales and raises the possibility that – contrary to general belief – a remnant of a central or eastern Atlantic stock of right whales still exists and might be viable,” said David Mellinger, an assistant professor at OSU’s Hatfield Marine Science Center in Newport and chief scientist of the project.

“We don’t know how many right whales there were in the area,” Mellinger added. “They aren’t individually distinctive in their vocalizations. But we did hear right whales at three widely space sites on the same day, so the absolute minimum is three. Even that number is significant because the entire population is estimated to be only 300 to 400 whales.”

Only two right whales have been sighted in the last 50 years at Cape Farewell Ground, where they had been hunted to near extinction prior to the adoption of protective measures.

Funded by NOAA’s Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, the project began in 2007 with the deployment of five hydrophones off the coast of Greenland. These instruments, built by Haru Matsumoto at OSU, were configured to continuously record ambient sounds below 1,000 Hz – a range that includes calls of the right whale – over a large region of the North Atlantic.

Right whales produce a variety of sounds, Mellinger said, and through careful analysis these sounds can be distinguished from other whales. The scientists used recordings of North Atlantic and North Pacific right whales to identify the species’ distinct sounds, including vocalizations known as “up” calls. Beginning in July of 2007, the scientists recorded a total of 2,012 calls in the North Atlantic off Greenland.

The pattern of recorded calls suggests that the whales moved from the southwest portion of the region in a northeasterly direction in late July, and then returned in September – putting them directly where proposed future shipping lanes would be likely.

“Newly available shipping lanes through the Northwest Passage would greatly shorten the trip between Europe and East Asia, but would likely cross the migratory route of any right whales that occupy the region,” said Phillip Clapham, a right whale expert with NOAA’s National Marine Mammal Laboratory, who participated in the study. “It’s vital that we know about right whales in this area in order to effectively avoid ship strikes on what could be a quite fragile population.”

In addition to Mellinger and Clapham, scientists involved in the project include Sharon Nieukirk, Karolin Klinck, Holger Klinck and Bob Dziak of the Cooperative Institute for Marine Resources Studies – a joint venture between OSU and NOAA; and Bryndís Brandsdóttir, of the University of Iceland.

This is the third time that Mellinger’s team has used hydrophones to locate endangered right whales. In the January 2004 issue of the journal Marine Mammal Science, Mellinger and his colleagues outlined how they used autonomous hydrophones to identify right whales in the Gulf of Alaska, where only one confirmed sighting had taken place in 26 years. And they identified the seasonal occurrence of right whales off Nova Scotia in a 2007 issue of the journal.

OSU scientists first began hearing whale sounds several years ago on a U.S. Navy hydrophone network. The hydrophone system – called the Sound Surveillance System, or SOSUS – was used by the Navy during the Cold War to monitor submarine activity in the northern Pacific Ocean. As the Cold War ebbed, these and other military assets were offered to civilian researchers performing environmental studies.

An Oregon State researcher, Christopher Fox, first received permission from the Navy to use the hydrophones at his laboratory at OSU's Hatfield Marine Science Center to listen for undersea earthquakes – a program now directed by Bob Dziak.

While listening for earthquakes, the OSU researchers begin picking up sounds of ships, marine landslides – and whales. Matsumoto, an engineer at the center, then developed autonomous hydrophones that can be deployed independently. Hydrophones since have become an important tool for marine ecologists, as well as geologists.

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David Mellinger, 541-867-0372

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Hydrophone

Scientists including Matt Fowler, who works for both Oregon State University and NOAA, deploy a hydrophone in the North Atlantic aboard the Icelandic Coast Guard
cutter Aegir that will record sounds emitted by endangered whales and other species. (photo courtesy of Dave Mellinger, Oregon State
University)

Something bugging you? New book by OSU Press will tell you what to do…

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Face it, a lot of things bug us. From blood-sucking mosquitoes that ruin our weekends in the high Cascades to those miserable little “sugar” ants that invade our kitchens and won’t go away, the pests of the insect world are ubiquitous.

 Jack DeAngelis has spent a lifetime studying insects and advising the public. The longtime Oregon State University Extension entomologist has used his storehouse of knowledge and experiences to write a new book, “Living with Bugs: Least-toxic Solutions to Everyday Bug Problems,” which has just been published by the OSU Press.

 Whether you’re wigged out by bed bugs in a motel room, fearful of Africanized killer bees, disgusted by slithering cockroaches, terrified of spiders, or want to declare war on marauding termites, “Living with Bugs” has background information – and solutions.

 One of his goals in writing the book, DeAngelis says, is to get readers to stop thinking about bugs with feelings of disgust, terror, fear, or being wigged out. In his introduction he writes: “…nearly all insects, spiders, mites and their allies are harmless and even beneficial – they all play critical roles in the Earth’s biological systems.

 “A very small number are potentially harmful,” DeAngelis said, “but even these can be managed in safe and responsible ways that minimize their damage potential while not hurting anything else, including yourself.

 “A few, of course, are truly annoying,” he added. “That’s what this book is for – to sort the good critters from the bad – and the truly annoying ones.”

 DeAngelis looks at more than 50 of the most commonly encountered household pests, from head lice to flies, and offers environmentally friendly solutions on how to dispose of them. The book includes more than 90 photographs and drawings, an identification guide, information about the pests’ life history, and a number of other resources, from web links to advice on pesticides.

 “Living with Bugs” is divided into categories, including:

  • Critters that bite and leave a red, itchy bump;
  • Insects that damage building materials;
  • Insects that swarm and sting;
  • Insects that invade kitchens and pantries;
  • Insects that damage natural fabrics;
  • Tiny microscopic biting mites;
  • Large flies that bite people and livestock;
  • Insects that invade homes but cause little damage;
  • Dust mites;
  • Medically significant spiders in North American.

 The book concludes with segments on real and imaginary fears, and pest control.

 DeAngelis has been studying the little critters that bug us for 30 years and admits to a fascination with them. His Extension background allowed him an opportunity to work with the public and educate them about the insect world, and “Living with Bugs” will expand his audience greatly.

 Designed for homeowners and renters, the book also is a valuable resource for libraries, master gardeners, extension agents and anyone who has to deal with bugs – which is just about everyone.

 DeAngelis spent 15 years as an entomologist at OSU, conducting research and teaching. He has a Ph.D. in entomology from Oregon State.

 “Living with Bugs” (ISBN: 978-0-87071-421-4) is a 192-page paperback that retails for $19.95. It is available in bookstores or can be ordered by calling 1-800-426-3797, or going online at http://oregonstate.edu/dept/press/k-l/LivingBugs.html

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Micki Reaman, 541-737-4620

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Yellowjacket

Yellowjackets are one of the many featured characters in a new book written by emeritus OSU Extension entomologist Jack DeAngelis and
published by the OSU Press called “Living with Bugs.”

Newport seminar promotes local self-reliance

NEWPORT, Ore. – A five-hour seminar that promotes local self-reliance while discussing energy and the economy will be held Thursday, May 28, beginning at 9 a.m. at the Newport Recreation Center.

The workshop is the third offered by the Oregon State University Extension office in Lincoln County and the Oregon Coast Community College Small Business Development Center. Cost of the seminar is $10 without lunch or $20 with lunch.

Discussion will be on solar energy, wave energy, bio-diesel, buying local, efficient recycling, virtual farmers markets, using wood/or wood pellets for energy, and growing your own food, according to Sam Angima, chair of the Lincoln County Extension office. A video on using small wind turbines for local energy production will be shown during the lunch break.

"People have called our office asking what they can do to start local efforts to use alternative energy and become more self-reliant in their own communities," Angima said. "We realized local issues can be solved best by local people, and we've invited community professionals and college faculty to discuss past, present and future methods."

Registration is required and can be accessed online at http://extension.oregonstate.edu/lincoln/agriculture/self-local-reliance, or locally at the OSU Extension Office at 29 S.E. 2nd St., in Newport, or by calling 541-574-6534.

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Sam Angima, 541-574-6534

New book by OSU Press examines environmentalism of William O. Douglas

CORVALLIS, Ore. – In his judicial opinions and in his popular books, Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas was a passionate advocate for conservation of wilderness and its importance to the American people.

Now a new book by the Oregon State University Press explores how Douglas’s passion for nature helped define the modern environmental movement.

Written by Adam M. Sowards, “The Environmental Justice: William O. Douglas and American Conservation,” is available at bookstores or can be ordered by calling 1-800-426-3797. It also is available online at http://oregonstate.edu/dept/press/e-f/EnvironJustice.html.

Sowards is a professor of history at the University of Idaho. His book, a decade in the making, began as a doctoral dissertation and blossomed into a full book after a lengthy research process. There was no shortage of background with which to work.

Douglas’s lengthy career, his combination of personal and professional writings, and the transformation of the country’s “conservation politics” movement from the late 1940s to the mid-1970s provides a rich source of material. Ironically, Douglas almost wasn’t around to lead that movement. In the opening chapter, Sowards describes how Douglas and a childhood friend were on a horseback trip near Mount Rainier in 1949, when the horse reared, throwing Douglas down the steep hillside.

He rolled some 30 yards down a shale embankment and looked up to see his horse, Kendall, tumbling down the same path. The horse landed squarely on Douglas, breaking 23 of his 24 ribs, leaving him in agony.

Wrote Douglas: “First I feared I would die. Then, as the pain continued unabated from the broken ribs, I feared I would not.”

With 38 fractures in those 23 broken ribs, it took weeks of recuperation before Douglas could return to his career. But that vignette, Sowards notes, is emblematic of Douglas’s career – reflecting his connection to the outdoors, his toughness, and his struggles to overcome personal challenges.

Douglas was inspired by his youthful experiences hiking in the Pacific Northwest and later would use his influence to reshape American conservation thought, politics and law. He personally led public protests in favor of wilderness, and worked fervently to secure stronger legal protections for the environment.

Sowards is the author of a previous book, “United States West Coast: An Environmental History.”

The OSU Press also offers a related book, “Nature’s Justice: Writings of William O. Douglas,” which can be found online at: http://oregonstate.edu/dept/press/m-n/NatJust.html. Newly available in paperback, the book is a collection of Douglas’s varied writings that represent his wide range of interests. It was edited by James O’Fallon of the University of Oregon. The volume is part of the OSU Press’s Northwest Readers Series, edited by Robert Frank of Oregon State.

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Micki Reaman,
541-737-4620

OSU seeks comments on sustainable agriculture

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Oregon State University is seeking comments on a statewide study of sustainable agriculture in order to gauge potential for establishing a new program to help the agriculture and food business communities meet sustainability standards.

The study is part of a statewide conversation about sustainable agriculture in Oregon. It compiles comments from groups of people across the state who were asked how OSU’s College of Agricultural Sciences can provide the agriculture and food industries with research and information about sustainability and certification standards in the marketplace.

The focus groups included growers, food processors and retailers, food service industries and non-governmental organizations across the state.

The OSU Extension Service has posted the report online and created a space on the website to allow Oregonians to comment on and continue this conversation about sustainable agriculture. The report is available at http://extension.oregonstate.edu/blogs/sustainable_agriculture/report/.

Movement to develop a clearinghouse for information about sustainable agriculture began in 2002, when member-grower representatives of NORPAC Foods, Inc., sought to develop agricultural stewardship and sustainability guidelines.

Oregon Gov. Ted Kulongoski directed the Oregon Solutions Network to help establish a single, comprehensive source for a full range of resources related to sustainable agriculture. In 2006, 26 organizations signed a Declaration of Cooperation to establish the Oregon Sustainable Agriculture Resource Center. In discussions regarding the center’s location and funding, criticisms arose that the agricultural community had not been involved more broadly.

In response, the OSU Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Extension Program offered to conduct a series of focus groups to engage a larger representation of agriculture.

Several themes emerged from the focus group conversations. Among them:
• Oregon has an opportunity to be a sustainable agriculture leader;
• Sustainable agriculture is a consumer-driven trend;
• Lack of certification standards creates risks;
• The term “sustainable agriculture” is confusing;
• There are multiple needs for information, education and research on this topic.

The public is invited to comment on the study and its findings. OSU’s College of Agricultural Sciences is monitoring the conversations on the website but is not moderating the discussion.

Source: 

Bill Braunworth,
541-737-1317

Ocean of junk focus of presentation, panel discussion in Newport

NEWPORT, Ore. – Parts of the Pacific Ocean are beginning to resemble a landfill and the increasing accumulation of debris – mainly plastic – is the focus of a special presentation on Monday, April 27, at Oregon State University’s Hatfield Marine Science Center in Newport.

Two environmental activists from the Algalita Marine Research Foundation in California will visit the center as part of their 2,000-mile bicycle tour from British Columbia to Mexico to raise awareness about what some are calling the “North Pacific Garbage Patch.”

Marcus Eriksen and Anna Cummins will speak, present photos and participate in a panel discussion with OSU researchers and community leaders. The presentation runs from 6:30 to 8:30 p.m. in the Hennings Auditorium at the center, and is free and open to the public.

Eriksen and Cummins are perhaps best known for their project to build JUNK, a raft made from 15,000 bottles, which sailed to Hawaii last summer. The Algalita Marine Research Foundation has been studying the accumulation of plastic debris in the ocean and its 2008 survey concluded that the density of plastics in the ocean has doubled in the past 10 years.

The group also found evidence that lantern fish – which are common prey for tuna, salmon and groundfish – are ingesting plastic.

Others participating in the panel discussion include Kim Raum-Suryan, a faculty research assistant with OSU’s Marine Mammal Institute; Gretchen Ammerman, of the North Lincoln Waste District; and Jeff Feldner, a former commercial fisherman now working for Oregon Sea Grant. Other panelists may be added.

The event is sponsored by the Newport chapter of Surfrider Foundation, Friends of the Hatfield Marine Science Center, Oregon Sea Grant, the Oregon Coast Aquarium, and CoastWatch.

More information on the JunkRaft project is available at: http://junkraft.com/home.html

Media Contact: 
Source: 

Bill Hanshumaker,
541-867-0167

Strategic Industry Partnership Will Boost OSU Surveying Initiative

CORVALLIS, Ore. – The School of Civil and Construction Engineering at Oregon State University is forming a partnership with two industry-leading companies to help address the need for more geospatial surveying professionals and embrace the trend toward “geomatics,” as this age-old profession evolves in an era of sophisticated 3-D data flow, remote sensing, and other new technologies.

OSU has signed a memorandum of understanding with David Evans and Associates, Inc., and Leica Geosystems, Inc.

Through this three-way partnership, Leica Geosystems will make available hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of state-of-the-art geospatial equipment and software for use by OSU students on an ongoing basis. Industry experts from David Evans and Associates will work closely with OSU students and faculty in training and laboratory studies. Increased geomatics research efforts, course expansion, and new faculty are also anticipated as a result of this industry and education initiative.

“Understanding land surveying and data capture has been, and will always be, an integral part of being a civil engineer or construction manager,” said Scott Ashford, professor and head of the School of Civil and Construction Engineering, a major educational program at OSU with about 1,000 students.

“But the new techniques of land surveying and 3-D data capture now incorporate so many new technologies that it’s become the science of geomatics, and our educational programs have to reflect these changes in the industry,” Ashford said.

“Some civil engineering programs that can’t keep up with these changes are just dropping their surveying education classes, but we plan to go the opposite way, to rejuvenate and expand our curriculum, to help our graduates become work ready,” he said. “This unique partnership will allow us to do that, and we’re very grateful for this assistance.”

Another aspect of the problem, Ashford said, is the nation faces an increasing shortage of professional geospatial information surveyors, which are essential to the type of infrastructure improvements, road building and construction projects that are now envisioned as part of the nation’s economic recovery effort. The average age of a surveying professional is 56, and many new geomatics professionals are needed in this field, skilled in the latest technologies.

“We believe that industry and manufacturers should share in the social responsibility to help educational institutions stay on top of new technologies, changing work flow methodology, and new techniques in capturing 3-D spatial data,” said Ken Mooyman, president and CEO of Leica Geosystems, Inc. “We recently endorsed this unique concept at the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping, and are proud to be part of this strategic partnership.”

Jim Griffis, senior vice president of David Evans and Associates, Inc., said “t takes significant planning, time, and ongoing commitment from all parties to make it successful. DEA is a leader in the civil engineering industry and we need to help set the education bar at higher levels to continue hiring graduates that understand the latest in geomatic sciences.”

Some new technology to capture geospatial data, such as 3-D laser scanners called LIDAR – for Light Detection And Ranging – are now routinely used to allow a geomatics surveyor to accomplish as much in a day as used to be done in several weeks. But much of this is done in an office as well as the field, Ashford said, using advanced design and processing software, 3-D mapping, and geographic information systems. This makes surveying more complex than ever, but also more cost efficient, accurate and with fewer time delays.

“We’re already in the era where we have ‘stakeless design and construction’ on some road building jobs, where an operator runs the grader but a global positioning system tells it where to go, when to turn and how deep of a grade to cut,” Ashford said. “This is a huge industry transformation and the next five or 10 years are going to see even more changes. Students working with these programs really get into it – it’s perfectly suited for the PlayStation generation.”

Undergraduate students at OSU getting a degree in civil and construction engineering will have enough surveying courses available that they can take the state surveying exam to become a licensed professional, Ashford said. Through this initiative, OSU hopes to garner additional industrial support for an endowed professorship in this area and become one of the leading geomatics programs in the nation, he said.

“Geomatics is in the future of our profession, and we need more higher education programs to get involved in it,” Ashford said. “We need new research on the latest applications, resulting in high paying, professional jobs that provide opportunity for our graduates.”


About David Evans and Associates: DEA is headquartered in Portland, Ore. This national leader in sustainable design and management solutions is consistently ranked among Engineering News Record's Top 100 Pure Design firms in the U.S. DEA was also voted one of the top 10 civil engineering design companies to work for in 2008 by Civil Engineering News.

About Leica Geosystems – when it has to be right: With close to 200 years of pioneering solutions to measure the world, Leica Geosystems products and services are trusted by professionals worldwide to help them capture, analyze, and present spatial information. Leica Geosystems is best known for its broad array of products that capture accurately, model quickly, analyze easily, and visualize and present spatial information. Based in Heerbrugg, Switzerland, Leica Geosystems is a global company with tens of thousands of customers supported by more than 3500 employees in 28 countries and hundreds of partners located in more than 120 countries around the world. Leica Geosystems is part of the Hexagon Group, Sweden.

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Robby Dudley,
Leica Geosystems,
770-326-9550

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LIDAR

Some of the new tools being frequently used by surveyors include LIDAR, which is illustrated in this image.
Coast House 1
The same beach seen through a conventional photograph is here.

Oregon State University Celebrates Earth Week

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Oregon State University is celebrating Earth Week beginning Saturday, April 18, with a community-wide EarthFaire on the Corvallis waterfront, the annual Procession of the Species Parade through downtown Corvallis, and a climate policy town hall meeting at the Corvallis-Benton County Public Library.

On Saturday, cities across the nation will be partaking in town hall type forums organized by local Focus the Nation teams to engage people from Congressional representatives, to elected city officials, as well as community members in amplifying a discussion on America’s transition to a green economy. From 3 to 7 p.m. at the Corvallis-Benton County Public Library, key panelists will first talk about what they are working on now with regards to a green economy. Then they will talk about what they need to help create the green economy. An informational session will be provided to what kind of legislation is moving forward in Salem.

The panel discussion will be followed by a round table discussion, which will address how Corvallis citizens, university and city administrators, and government officials can connect their resources and engage each other to work out what the green economy would look like.

The events continue through April 24, with most of the activities taking place on or near campus, including the annual Community Fair April 21, which features information on 50 different campus and community groups focusing on sustainability, the environment and related topics.

“Around the world, people are realizing we have to really take the environment seriously and our impact seriously,” said Michaela Hammer, OSU Student Sustainability Initiative visibility coordinator. “Earth Week is becoming less of a special event and more about showcasing what we can do all year round.”

One popular Earth Week event is the annual Earth Day Hoo Haa, an afternoon celebration on April 22 at a student-run organic farm on the outskirts of Corvallis. Featuring speakers, live music, family-oriented events and the opportunity to get your hands dirty, it draws folks of all ages.

Other highlights of Earth Week include a Living Hat contest April 20, where participants show off their haberdashery skills as well as their green thumbs when they craft a hat out of living materials. The brand new OSU Bike Co-op is playing host to a bike race and open house April 23 to share the organization’s mission, which includes providing a place for students to learn how to work on their bikes and take free classes on bike maintenance.

And the newly formed OSU Permaculture Club will teach participants how to start seeds and make seedballs during an event at the Student Sustainability Center on April 22.

The following is a calendar of events, which also can be accessed at http://recycle.oregonstate.edu/EarthDay/eventCalendar.cfm:

Saturday, April 18
• 10 a.m. - 2 p.m.: EarthFaire, First and Monroe Avenue. Exhibitors, music, crafts and more.
• Noon - 1 p.m.: Procession of the Species, First and Jackson Street. Join the parade dressed as any species.
• 3-7 p.m.: Focus the Nation Town Hall, Corvallis-Benton Public Library. Ask legislators about climate policy.

Sunday, April 19
• 9 a.m.-noon: Naturalist adventure, Avery Park Rose Garden. Explore nature at this local park.

Monday, April 20
• 11 a.m. - 2 p.m.: Sorting it Out: Trash audits in MU quad. Help rescue recylables from the landfill.
• 12:30-1:30 p.m.: Alternative Transportation Panel, MU 211. Options for ridesharing, mass transit, biking and more.
• All day: Living Hat Contest. Make a hat out of living materials to promote Earth Week.

Tuesday, April 21
• 11 a.m. - 3 p.m.: Annual Community Fair, MU Quad. Interactive informational fair with 50 different groups.
• 7-9 p.m.: Climate Crisis 101, Student Sustainability Center, 738 S.W. 15th St. Overview of the climate crisis.
• 7-9 p.m.: Call & Response Movie Showing, Club Escape, OSU. Documentary to end human trafficking.

Wednesday, April 22
• Noon - 3 p.m.: Potting and Seed Balling, Student Sustainability Center. Start seeds and make seed balls to take home.
• 3-7 p.m.: Earth Day Hoo Haa!, Organic Growers Farm, 1 mile east of Corvallis, Hwy. 34. Organic food, music, plantings and more.
• 3:30-4:30 p.m.: GECO Climate Change Speaker Series, Burt 193. Karen Shell speaks about her climate research.
• 7-9 p.m.: Blue Vinyl Movie Showing, 1001 Kelley Engineering. Documentary on PVC’s environmental effects.
• 7-9 p.m.: The Call Lecture, Milam Auditorium. Speakers discuss human trafficking.

Thursday, April 23
• 3-5 p.m.: Simple Sustainability, OSU Women’s Center. Learn how to reduce your environmental impact.
• 5 p.m.: Get to Know Your Local Bicycle Co-op, MU Quad. 5:30-9 p.m., Student Sustainability Center. Bike race and open house to learn about the co-op.

Friday, April 24
• 3-4:30 p.m.: Synthetic Sea, Synthetic Me: Plastics in the Ocean, Strand Ag Hall. Speakers discuss plastic’s effects on the marine environment.
• 7-9:30 p.m.: SSI Earth Week Party, Student Sustainability Center. Food, games and entertainment.
• 7-8 p.m.: Flames for Change Vigil, MU steps. Candlelight vigil and rally against human trafficking.

OSU Earth Week is sponsored by Campus Recycling, Student Sustainability Initiative and ASOSU Environmental Affairs, as well as Corvallis Public Works and First Alternative Co-op.

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campus recycling

recycling assessment