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Photo: Robin Rosetta, OSU
   

 

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Downy mildew on impatiens

The disease downy mildew on impatiens is caused by Plasmopara obducens. Like Pythium and Phytophthora, Plasmopara obducens is an oomycete, or water mold. The spores have a tail which allows them to swim through water. Spread of infection can progress quickly in wet, moist conditions.

Impatiens downy mildew (Plasmopara obducens) has been confirmed on Impatiens walleriana from landscapes in Oregon. There are unconfirmed reports of the pathogen in landscapes in the Portland Metro, Salem, and Corvallis areas. The Oregon Department of Agriculture is monitoring nurseries associated with the sales of infected impatiens.

There were reports of downy mildew on impatiens in landscapes in several regions of the country in 2011, including several states in the northeastern US, midwest, and southern coastal California. Greenhouse growers and landscapers in cool, wet areas of the country, are encouraged to increase their knowledge and monitoring for this disease.

All cultivated varieties and hybrid species of Impatiens walleriana are susceptible to the disease. New Guinea impatiens, Impatiens hawkerii, are highly tolerant to the disease. Symptoms of the disease include a subtle stippling and yellowing or chlorosis of the leaves. Leaves tend to curl downward. Plants may lack vigor or are stunted. A white coating of spores, generally occurs on the leaf underside but buds and stems may be coated as well. The plants eventually defoliate.

Impatiens downy mildew moves primarily by dispersal of spores. The disease is not seed-born. Like other oomycetes such as Pythium and Phytophthora, Plasmopara has zoospores which can swim in water and thrive in moisture. These spores, produced in sporangia on the undersides of impatiens leaves, can become airborne or carried with free water to infect new plants at an alarming rate. In addition, longer-lasting resistant spores, oospores, may survive in the soil.

The key to managing this disease is prevention. Check out the resources below. American Floral Endowment is taking a very visible lead as a clearinghouse of information on this emerging disease issue.

 

Additional Resources:

Anon. 2012.  Controlling Downy Mildew on Impatiens walleriana. American Floral Endowment. 17 October 2012

Creswell, Tom. "Stealthy Disease of Impatiens May Go Unnoticed" Purdue Plant & Pest Diagnostic Laboratory. 26 Sept. 2011. Web. 9 Feb. 2012.

Hausbeck, M. and M. Daughtrey. 2012 Impatiens Downy Mildew Prevention and Treatment. Michigan State University Extension. 18 March 2012.

Hausbeck, Mary. "Downy mildew causing problems on impatiens in the landscape." Michigan State University Extension News. 12 Oct. 2011. Web. 12 Oct, 2011

Pscheidt, J. 2012. Impatiens Downy Mildew. PNW Plant Disease Handbook. 17 October 2012.  

Warfield, C. 2012. Impatiens Downy Mildew: Guidelines for Growers. Ball Horticulture. 12 August 2012.

Warfield, Colleen. "Downy mildew of impatiens." GrowerTalks. Vol. 75. no. 10. 9 Feb. 2012. Web. 9 Feb. 2012.

 

 

Leaf distortion and discoloration from impatiens powdery mildew
leaf distortion and discoloration from impatiens downy mildew
Photo: Robin Rosetta, OSU
Leaf curling and chlorosis from impatiens downy mildew
symptoms of impatiens downy mildew
Photo: Robin Rosetta, OSU
Sporulation of impatiens downy mildew on leaf underside
impatiens downy mildew sporulation on leaf underside
Photo: Robin Rosetta, OSU
Sporulation of flower bud
sporulation of impatiens downy mildew
Photo: Robin Rosetta, OSU
Stunting and yellowing of infected plant
symptoms of impatiens downy midlew
Photo: Robin Rosetta, OSU
Sporulation on leaf undersides of infected plant
sporulation of impatiens downy mildew
Photo: Robin Rosetta, OSU
Infection at later stage of growth
impatiens downy mildew infection of older plant
Photo: Luisa Santamaria, OSU
Plant collapse and defoliation
plant collapse due to impatiens downy mildew
Photo: Robin Rosetta, OSU
Complete collapse of infected plants in the landscape
Impatiens downy mildew in landscape
Photo: Robin Rosetta, OSU
Close-up of collapsed plants in landscape
impatiens downy mildew in the landscape
Photo: Robin Rosetta, OSU
Website editor:
Robin Rosetta
Page last modified 10/19/12
 

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