Contents: By Damage and Image
(In progress)
Contents: Alphabetical
alder flea beetle
aphid management
apple and thorn skeletonizer
apple ermine moth
ash whitefly new
azalea bark scale
azalea lace bug Updated
bark lice
Barypeithes root weevil
Beneficial nematodes
biocontrol of root weevils
birch aphid
black stem borer
bluegum psyllid
branch and twig borer
brown marmorated stink bug

bronze birch borer
boxwood leafminer
boxwood psyllid
bulb flies
carpet beetle New
Calligraph californica

Ceanothus stem gall moth
cereal leaf beetle
cherry ermine moth
chilli thrips
cinnabar moth
clay colored weevil
cottony camellia scale
cutworm Updated
cypress tip moth

dogwood sawfly
Douglas fir sawfly
Douglas fir twig weevil
elm leafminer
European pine shoot moth
European shot-hole borer Updated
European wool carder bee
emerald ash borer
Fall webworm
flatheaded cedar borer
hollyhock weevil
honeylocust plant bug
honeylocust pod gall midge
Heliothis phloxiphaga
holly bud moth
huckleberry root aphids
ground mealybug
lady beetle gallery
leaf weevil
light brown apple moth
maple tip moth
maple midge
March flies
mountain ash sawfly
spruce aphid on spruce
oak ambrosia beetle
oak slug
obscure root weevil
Pacific flatheaded borer
peach tree borer
peach twig borer
pear psylla
pear leaf-curling midge
pear sawfly New
pine needle scale
poplar and willow borer
rose curculio weevil
rose midge
sequoia pitch moth
speckled green fruitworm
tent caterpillars
viburnum leaf beetle
violet gall midge
western poplar clearwing
western spotted cucumber beetle
white pine weevil
woolly ash aphid

Back to Home

Contact Us

Holly bud moth

The holly bud moth, Rhopobota naevana (Hbn.) Kearfott, is a key pest in holly production and landscapes. It is also known as the blackheaded fireworm in cranberry production. It was introduced into the British Colombia in 1923 and has expanded its territory into Washington and Oregon and other areas of the country.

This insect overwinters as eggs which hatch in spring at which time the new caterpillars feed on buds. Older caterpillars feed on leaves, first webbing them together. The feeding damage includes rolled leaves, holes, and blackened tissue, including tip dieback. The caterpillars generally pupate in leaves on the soil although pupae can be found on occasion within the rolled leaves while on the plant. The moth generally emerges in June and then lays eggs on the leaf underside. There are two generations a year. Other hosts include apple, blueberry, cherry, Crataegus, Fraxinus, Ilex, Prunus, Pyrus, Sorbus, Spiraea, Syringa, and Vaccinium.

One cultural control for this pest is to collect and dispose of the fallen leaves to reduce successful emergence from the pupae.


Useful links:

Maurice et al. 2000. Integrated Pest Management Guide for Cranberries in Western Canada. British Columbia Cranberry Growers Association.: Blackheaded fireworm, Rhopobota naevana (Hubner)- Great information about this insect (page 18) as a pest on another economic host, cranberries. Useful information on monitoring and control.

North Carolina Pest News: Holly bud moth

UK Moths: Holly tortrix. Nice image of the moth.

Holly bud moth caterpillar
holly bud moth caterpillar
Pupa of holly bud moth
holly bud moth pupa
Leaves webbed together by holly bud moth
holly bud moth damage
Holly bud moth damage
holly bud moth damage
Holly bud moth damage
holly bud moth damage
Holly bud moth damage
holly bud moth damage
Blackened tissue from holly bud moth
holly bud moth damage

Tip die-back from holly bud moth feeding
tip die-back from holly bud moth feeding


Website editor:
Robin Rosetta

Page last modified 5/21/12


Before applying any of the information found on this site, please read our disclaimer.
Copyright © 2016, All Rights Reserved