Gray Pine, Foothill Pine, Digger Pine PI-nus sa-been-ee-ah-na
- Conifer, evergreen tree, 40-70 ft (12-21 m) tall or higher, often multistemmed and crooked trunk, crown rounded and open. Bark gray-brown, thick, deeply fissured, exfoliating in irregular patches, revealing a red-brown under bark. Needles 3 per bundle, 20-30 cm long, slender, 1.5 mm wide, drooping, light blue-green, serrate on margins, stomatal lines on all sides, leaf sheath about 25 mm at first. Cones solitary or several laterally arranged, persisting for 3-7 years, mostly 15-25 cm long, egg-shaped, cone-scales long, thick.
- Sun or light shade. Best if grown on well-drained soil, found on dry ridges in foothills and low mountains. Very ornamental.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 8 Native to northern and southern California, in the Coast Range and the Sierra Nevada.
- sabiniana: after Joseph Sabine, (1770-1837) British barrister and horticulturist, patron of David Douglas (who introduced the pine in England in 1832).
- Corvallis: on the east side of Arboretum Road.