Picea abies Pinaceae
Norway Spruce PI-see-a A-beez
- Conifer, evergreen tree, 40-60 ft (12-18 m) tall, pyramidal with drooping branches, stiff when young
more, graceful later. However, at maturity it may thin and be open, which some consider "
unsightly". Needles bright to dark green, stiff, sharp pointed, 12-25 mm long, arranged
all around the stem, 4-sided with stomatal lines on each side. Cones hang down, cylindrical,
10-15 cm long by about 4 cm wide, light brown at maturity.
- Sun. Prefers moderately moist, sandy, acid, well-drained soil, grows in average soil if it has
- Hardy to USDA Zone 2 Native to northern and central Europe. This
species is the typical 'Christmas Tree' in Britain.
- Numerous cultivars (over 150!) have originated from mutations in this species, dwarf forms often developed
from a "witches' broom", essentially a dense mass of shoots arising from the same point.
This type of abnormal growth may be caused by biological or environmental factors.
- Oregon State Univ. campus: in the "arboretum" (tree # 60) south of Moreland Hall .