Nandina domestica Berberidaceae
Heavenly Bamboo, Sacred Bamboo, Nandina   nan-DE-na do-MES-ti-ka
- Evergreen shrub, 6+ ft, (1.8 m), compact forms 0.3-1.2 m high. Leaves alternate, bi- or tri-pinnately compound, 30-60 cm long, leaflests 2-7.5 cm long, leathery, tip acuminate, base wedge-shaped, margin entire; red in spring, blue-green summer, and purple-red in fall. Pink flowers in the bud, finally white with yellow anthers, each 5-13 mm, on long panicles. Bright red berries, 8 mm diam., carried on large panicles, ripening in early fall and persisting through the winter.
- Sun to shade. Adaptable to extremes of soil and exposure, prefers moist, fertile soil. Thin out old stems to produce a dense plant. Spreads by rhizomes.
- Many cultivars are available, these include a number of compact and dwarf forms that are dense and grow to a height of less than 3 ft (0.9m). There is even a dwarf form which has exceptionally fine leaves, i.e., Filamentosa.
Some of the more common cultivars include:
See Dirr (1989) for a brief description of over 25 cultivars; reportedly over 60 cultivars are available in Japan.
- 'Atropurpurea Nana' ('Nana Purpurea') - upright, stiff, about 2 ft (0.6 m) tall and somewhat greater width, leaves inrolled and/or cupped (virus?), yellow-green with purplish tint in summer becoming red during cold weather. Seems to be fruitless.
- 'Compacta' - 4-5 ft (1.2-1.5 m) tall, 3 ft (0.9 m) wide, lacy looking, green foliage, reddish in winter. Possibly several forms offered under this name.
- 'Fire Power' - dwarf, red tinged summer foliage, bright red in winter, about 2 ft (0.6 m) tall.
- 'Harbor Dwarf' - similar to 'Atropurpurea Nana' but leaves not cupped or rolled.
- 'Moyers Red' - tall, may grow to 6 ft (1.8 m), foliage glossy, brilliant red in areas that receive frost in winter, flowers pinkish.
- 'Umpqua Chief' - medium size, to 3 ft (0.9 m) tall in 3 years, slightly less width, typical green foliage, may color in winter.
- 'Woods Dwarf' - dwarf, to about 2.5 ft (0.8 m) tall and wide, foliage not cupped or rolled, good red winter color.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 6, may die back due to winter kill but recovers. Native range from India, China to Japan.
- Nandina: from nanten, the Japanese name. domestica: cultivated.
- Oregon State Univ. campus: standard form, southeast Gilmore Hall. dwarf form, southwest of Dixon Lodge, at Jefferson Ave. and 11th St.