Gaultheria procumbens Ericaceae
Wintergreen gawl-THEE-ree-a pro-KUM-benz
- Evergreen shrublet, creeping, to about 6 inches (15 cm) tall, stoloniferous and in time providing a dense ground cover. Leaves simple, crowded at branch tips, elliptic to elliptic-obovate, 2-5 cm by 1-2 cm, dark green, glossy above. Flowers urn-shaped, 7 mm, white or pinkish, single or rarely in small racemes. Fruits globose, 8-15 mm, red, very aromatic when rubbed, persistent from October to late spring.
- Sun or part shade, acid soils, slow growing.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 3 Native to eastern North America, from Newfoundland to Manitoba and Minnesota, south to Georgia and Alabama.
- Gaultheria: after Jean-François Gaulthier (c. 1708-1758), botanist and physician of Quebec. procumbens: prostrate.