Chamaecyparis pisifera Cupressaceae
Sawara Falsecypress, Sawara Cypress kam-e-SIP-a-ris pi-SIF-er -a
- Conifer, evergreen tree, to 160 ft (50 m) in its native habitat, much less in cultivation, narrow conical
crown, horizontally spreading branches which tend to be in a single plane, nodding. Bark red-brown,
smooth, exfoliating in thin strips. Leaves scale-like, opposite, appressed, glossy green above,
usually with distinct white markings below, facial needles sharp, boat-shaped. Cones clustered,
small, globose, about 6 mm wide, dark brown, 8-12 scales.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native to Japan. Introduced into cultivation in
the west about 1859. The species type is rather uncommon as a landscape plant, but there are many
cultivars, some of which have scale leaves (e.g., 'Filifera'), others needle leaves ('Squarrosa', 'Boulevard'),
and still others have leaves that are intermediate ('Plumosa').
- pisifera: from the Latin pisum, pea, and ferre, to bear, a reference to its
small, pea-sized cones. Sawara: its Japanese name.
- Portland, Oregon: Hoyt Arboretum