Cauthorn houses approximately 275 residents on five floors, and is part of the residence hall quad on the west side of campus. There is a resident director serving Cauthorn Hall and at least one resident assistant (RA) on each floor. Rooms are co-ed by neighbor with a men's and women's bathroom on each floor. Cauthorn was upgraded in 2009.
In 2014-15, the 1st floor of Cauthorn Hall will house some of the overflow housing from the University Honors College living-learning community based in West Hall and University Honors College students who choose to live with non-University Honors College rommmates.
Cauthorn Hall also hosts the international roommate option through INTO-OSU.