CORVALLIS, Ore. – John Grotzinger, a geologist, geochemist and planetary scientist from the California Institute of Technology, will speak about exploration on Mars at the 2016 Thomas Condon Lecture Tuesday, Oct. 4, at Oregon State University.
The goal of the Condon Lecture, named after a pioneer of Oregon geology, is to interpret significant scientific research for non-scientists. The lecture, "Curiosity’s Mission of Exploration at Gale Crater, Mars" is designed for a general audience.
The event begins at 7 p.m. in Austin Auditorium of LaSells Stewart Center, 875 S.W. 26th St., Corvallis. Refreshments will be served at a reception beginning at 6:15 p.m.
Grotzinger is the Fletcher Jones Professor and chair in the division of geological and planetary sciences at California Institute of Technology. He served at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory as project scientist for the Mars Science Lab mission from 2006 to 2014, and directed the successful deployment of the Mars Curiosity Rover.
Grotzinger is known for his work on Precambrian sedimentary rocks, especially from the “Snowball Earth” period. He conducts geochemical, paleontological, and geochronological research to understand the chemical development of the early oceans and atmosphere, and the environmental context of evolution. His work has taken him to many places around the world including Oman, Namibia and Siberia.
The recipient of numerous awards, Grotzinger was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2002.
While at OSU, Grotzinger also will give a more technical presentation on a related topic. His George Moore Lecture, “Modern Carbonate and Microbial Environments at Ambergris Cay, Turks and Caicos Islands, British West Indies,” will begin at 3 p.m. on Monday, Oct. 3, in Gilfillan Auditorium.
The presentations are sponsored by the OSU Research Office and the College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences.
BEND, Ore. - Oregon State University – Cascades’ new campus in Bend opened today, fulfilling a 30-year quest for higher education in what had been the largest region in the state without a four-year university.
“This campus launches a new era for educational attainment, economic growth, community partnerships and cultural enrichment in Central Oregon,” said Oregon State President Ed Ray.
Ray, Oregon Gov. Kate Brown, state Rep. Knute Buehler, OSU-Cascades Vice President Becky Johnson and Elizabeth Woody, Oregon’s poet laureate, are planned to participate in the opening celebration. They will be joined by Amy Tykeson, whose family supported funding for the branch campus’ first academic building, and after whom Tykeson Hall is named.
“This is a tribute to decades of work by countless individuals who early on saw the need, defined the future they wanted to achieve, and helped to make this day – and this university campus – possible,” Ray said. “As important as this campus will be for Central Oregon, OSU-Cascades is an investment that will pay great returns for the entire state of Oregon.
“It has been right here in the Bend area that Oregon faces the greatest mismatch in this state between students’ needs, economic demands and the gap in higher education options.”
As the first public university to open in Oregon in more than 50 years, OSU-Cascades will serve students in one of the fastest growing regions in the state - yet one that lags in bachelor’s degree completion. The new 10-acre campus will provide classrooms and lab space, as well as a dining center and residential housing for 300 students.
As the campus expands over the next decade, OSU-Cascades by 2025 will serve 3,000 to 5,000 students, most of them from Central Oregon. This largely rural area with a population of more than 200,000 has been historically underserved by higher education and includes many first-generation students and others who have been unable to attend college. OSU-Cascades will improve educational access, increase the likelihood of graduates staying in the region and contribute to the local economy.
“OSU-Cascades brings the power of a comprehensive research university to our region,” said Johnson. “We will serve the needs of Central Oregon with excellent academic and research faculty who will teach learners of diverse ages and backgrounds, and address the challenges of our unique environment.”
Prior to its opening this week, OSU-Cascades has operated for 15 years in a two-plus-two partnership with Central Oregon Community College, using leased and physically-separate facilities. The branch campus has awarded 3,000 bachelor’s and master’s degrees.
“With this new campus and further planned expansion, students, faculty, staff, alumni and the Central Oregon community will develop campus traditions, spirit and community pride,” said Johnson.
The new campus near downtown Bend is integrated into a commercial district, which will help expand OSU’s partnerships with industry and community, and enhance student internship programs and workforce development. Public-private partnerships will increase research and innovation and provide amenities for both students and community members. The 10-acre campus will also include a community STEM education provider, the Bend Science Station.
OSU-Cascades now offers 18 undergraduate and graduate degrees. These include computer science with an applied option in web and mobile web software development; energy systems engineering; hospitality management; and tourism and outdoor leadership.
Over the next two to five years, eight to 10 new degree programs are anticipated to meet student, industry, and regional and national employment needs, in areas such as bioscience; mechanical engineering; nursing; outdoor products; and software development.
An extensive long-range development planning effort that is underway will expand the campus onto an adjacent property, a 46-acre pumice mine, and potentially onto a second adjacent property, a 76-acre county demolition landfill. The two properties together represent one of the largest under-utilized tracts of land within Bend’s urban growth boundary.
A design team of Page and SERA is partnering with Oregon State to deliver a long-range development plan in February 2017. So far, the effort has gathered input from community advisory groups, community members, faculty, staff and students. That input has helped develop visions for the branch campus in strategic areas such as sustainability, health and wellness, innovation and community partnerships.
Studies will assess the possibility for a net-zero energy, water and waste campus, with campus-wide biomass district energy to provide heat. On the initial 10 acres, native plants were harvested and replanted, and transportation options for students include bike share, car share and free bus passes.
Funds need to be secured for future campus growth, officials say, and the next buildings should be ready for students in three to five years.
CORVALLIS, Ore. — Johnson Hall, a new, $40 million College of Engineering facility that will be home to the School of Chemical, Biological, and Environmental Engineering at Oregon State University, will celebrate its grand opening on Sept. 23.
Johnson Hall’s 58,000-square-foot interior includes a 125-seat lecture hall, state-of-the-art research and teaching laboratories, and a center focused on improving recruitment and retention of engineering students.
The three-story structure is supported by five, 52-foot, freestanding concrete shear walls, engineered to withstand earthquakes and winds up to 90 mph. This design also enabled the placement of many large windows, which supply ample natural light throughout the building. The open, bright aesthetic is continued inside, with floor-to-ceiling glass walls.
“The transparent glass walls to the labs make research visible to anyone walking by, and the open floor plan concept encourages interest, innovation, and interdisciplinary collaboration,” said Scott Ashford, Kearney Professor and dean of OSU’s College of Engineering. “I look forward to the research made possible here.”
The building is named for longtime College of Engineering supporters Peter and Rosalie Johnson. Pete Johnson, a 1955 chemical engineering alumnus, revolutionized battery manufacturing equipment with his patented invention for making battery separator envelopes. The Johnsons committed $7 million to begin construction of the new facility, leveraging an earlier gift of $10 million from an anonymous donor and $3 million in additional private funds, matched by $20 million in state funds.
“This beautiful new facility honors the Johnson family and the many contributions they have made to the College of Engineering,” Ashford said. “We are so pleased to carry on Pete’s legacy of innovation by dedicating this space to collaborative research and hands-on learning for students.”
James Sweeney, head of the School of Chemical, Biological, and Environmental Engineering, said the building will foster the school’s continued growth and will further accomplishments in research and education.
“Johnson Hall will increase our reputation and standing among our peer institutions, and it will help us to continue to attract the top faculty and students to OSU,” Sweeney said. “It will provide them with the tools they need to make high impact on Oregon, across our country, and around the world.”
The grand opening, which is free and open to the public, will begin with a ceremony from 3:30-4 p.m. in front of Johnson Hall, at the intersection of S.W. Park Terrace Place and Monroe Street in Corvallis. Speakers will include OSU President Edward J. Ray, college officials, representatives of the Johnson family, and State Sen. Sara Gelser. Visitors will be invited to tour the building immediately following the ceremony.
Johnson Hall was designed by architecture firm SRG Partnership. It was built by Hoffman Construction, led by OSU College of Engineering alumni Kevin Cady ’84, senior operations manager; and Nathan Moore ’10, project manager.
CORVALLIS, Ore. – Special Olympics Oregon will move its Summer State Games to Oregon State University and venues around Corvallis beginning in 2017. The games are scheduled for July 8-9 next year.
With more than 2,000 athletes, 600 coaches and 1,400 volunteers, the event is one of Oregon’s largest and most significant sports and humanitarian efforts. The games have been held in Newberg, Oregon, for the past six years.
“SOOR is thrilled to partner with Corvallis and Oregon State on this statewide event,” said Margie Hunt, CEO of Special Olympics Oregon. “OSU has clearly adopted the games and is just as committed as we are to creating an unbelievable experience for our participants and their families.”
Summer State Games participants will be housed at Oregon State and the event is being supported by the OSU Department of Intercollegiate Athletics and University Housing and Dining Services, as well as other campus groups.
“We are very proud and honored to partner with Special Olympics Oregon,” said OSU President Ed Ray. “Special Olympics Oregon is a wonderful organization and to have Oregon State University host this event in 2017 and into the future is extraordinarily gratifying.”
Although planning for next year’s Summer State Games is in the early stages, SOOR officials say they are looking to hold the Games Ceremony at Reser Stadium, bocce at other OSU facilities, track and field at Corvallis High School, golf at Trysting Tree Golf Course, and softball at both OSU and Philomath High School.
An “Olympic Town” will be set up in Parker Plaza outside of Reser Stadium.
PORTLAND, Ore. – A new program designed to increase entrepreneurial activity and stimulate job creation in Oregon and the Pacific Northwest is now being offered in Portland by Oregon State University’s College of Business.
The goal of Launch Corps is to provide additional startup support services for select students who are enrolled in the college’s Innovation Management MBA program and are also developing a business idea. Innovation Management is a new track in the college’s MBA program that prepares students to start new companies and advance ideas within existing ones.
“Research shows rates of entrepreneurship are in a state of decline in the U.S.,” said Mitzi Montoya, dean of OSU’s College of Business. “That’s concerning news, especially given reports that indicate entrepreneurs are responsible for nearly all net new job creation. Oregon has unprecedented potential to address our regional and national need for entrepreneurial activity if we can effectively recruit entrepreneurs from the full pool of available talent and accelerate their success.”
As they progress through the Innovation Management MBA, students in Launch Corps will be connected to resources that can help move their startup ideas forward. Those resources include mentors in areas such as marketing, accounting and finance; office space at the college’s new Portland headquarters at WeWork, a co-working community for multiple ventures and startups; services, equipment and related amenities; and access to workshops and entrepreneurial training programs.
Launch Corps is open to all founders, co-founders or teams at the startup stage who have a passion for addressing a problem and an idea that offers market potential. Women, people of color, and others who have historically been underrepresented among entrepreneurs are particularly encouraged to apply for Launch Corps.
“Research shows that women lead about one-third of entrepreneurial activity, even though they make up slightly more than half of the population,” said Audrey Iffert-Saleem, executive director of strategic initiatives for the College of Business. “Our vision is that the population of entrepreneurs will grow to reflect the changing demographics of the United States.”
Supporting these entrepreneurs in their startup journey is about more than getting them in the pipeline, said Iffert-Saleem, who has led the development of several entrepreneurship programs for women and people of color.
“A recent report shows that only a tiny fraction of one percent of venture funding went to black women founders in 2014,” she said. “We need a culture shift, and we need support from the community.”
The fee for the two-year program is $5,000, and fellowships are available for selected students. The J.D. Power Launch Corps fellowships cover the costs of the program as well as a $2,000 business start-up grant and an $8,000 tuition scholarship.
All Launch Corps applicants will be considered for the fellowship, and priority will be given to women applicants. The program will begin in the fall term, and the deadline to apply for the fall MBA program is Aug. 22.
The college also is seeking mentors and startup coaches to support Launch Corps members, especially women and people of color who are entrepreneurs, investors and business professionals.
CORVALLIS, Ore. – Susan Capalbo, who heads the Department of Applied Economics at Oregon State University, has been named senior vice provost for Academic Affairs at OSU. She will begin her new duties on Oct. 1.
Capalbo replaces Brenda McComb, who will retire from this position on July 31, and who has served in a variety of leadership positions at the university.
As senior vice provost, Capalbo will support the university’s provost and executive vice president in matters related to faculty development, curricular operations, assessment and accreditation, strategic plan implementation, academic capacity planning, academic initiatives and special projects.
She also will serve on the OSU President’s Cabinet and Provost’s Council.
Among the primary responsibilities for the senior vice provost are leadership and coordination of faculty matters, including shaping faculty hiring, support and development of OSU faculty; oversight of curriculum matters, including curriculum development and review; acting as a liaison with the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities and the Higher Education Coordinating Commission; and oversight of institutional planning and research.
“Susan Capalbo has been active in leading the development of the university’s updated strategic plan and other university-level initiatives,” said Ron Adams, interim provost and executive vice president. “Susan has an excellent track record as an educator, researcher and mentor. Her work as head of a large and complex department, and leading the strategic plan steering committee, will jump-start her into the role of senior vice provost.”
Capalbo, who has been at Oregon State since 2008, previously was on the faculty of Montana State University and the University of Maryland. Her research focuses on applied economics and policy related to sustainable agriculture and resource management.
She has a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from the University of California-Davis, and a bachelor’s degree and master’s degree in economics from the University of Rhode Island.
CORVALLIS, Ore. – A shooting has occurred in Munich, Germany, that according to news media reports as of Friday afternoon, July 22, had left at least six people dead. This incident has prompted inquiries to Oregon State officials about the safety of OSU students, faculty and staff, since the university participates in internship programs in Germany and around the world.
Based on preliminary checks made by Oregon State officials, there are 15 IE3 Global student interns in Germany. Only one of them is in Munich, and the safety of that student has been confirmed.
A number of other student interns are elsewhere in Germany or Europe, including one group in a city more than four hours distant from Munich. They are being contacted to confirm their safety.
One OSU employees is in Stuttgart, about 136 miles from Munich; and two other employees are in, or in transit to Hamburg, more than 475 miles away.
There is no information suggesting that any OSU students, faculty or staff were injured in the Munich incident. University officials will continue to monitor the situation. If there are any changes in that status, a further statement will be made.
CORVALLIS, Ore. – As a partner in a new $140 million federal initiative, the College of Engineering at Oregon State University will significantly expand its outreach and collaboration with Pacific Northwest business and industry, helping them to save energy, waste less, create jobs and become more internationally competitive.
Last month the Smart Manufacturing Innovation Institute, of which OSU is a part, was announced as a major new manufacturing hub to spur advances in smart sensors, digital process controls, and many other efforts to improve the efficiency of U.S. advanced manufacturing.
This broad program is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, headquartered in Los Angeles and comprised of five regional centers. One of those centers is based at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratories, and its partners include OSU, Washington State University, the University of Washington and regional industry.
OSU researchers say they initially plan to focus their efforts on food production and advanced materials and manufacturing processes. High-tech monitoring processes, for instance, might help fruit and berry growers optimize the energy used to freeze, dry or ship their products. Or an aircraft component manufacturer might adopt specific techniques that could be used to minimize the energy needed in making parts.
“In general terms, this initiative plans to reduce energy use in U.S. manufacturing, making it more efficient and competitive,” said Carlos Jensen, an associate professor of computer science in the OSU College of Engineering, and an OSU co-principal investigator in this initiative.
“There are a lot of energy-intensive industries in the Pacific Northwest and we plan to assist many of them. A strength of this program is that it isn’t just research or laboratory work. We’re going to be doing hands-on work in the field, dealing with real-world problems and finding working solutions. We’re going to help companies save energy, time and effort.”
The applied nature of the program, Jensen said, will also be of enormous benefit to OSU students. As part of this process, students will learn how to take the knowledge and skills they’ve learned in the classroom and apply it to major industries, enhancing their own knowledge base and employment potential.
As part of a national program, innovations, techniques or knowledge from one part of the country will be broadly shared, to help make U.S. industry more competitive around the world. Optimal manufacturing logistics and supply chains will also be a key part of the program.
“Recent growth in the College of Engineering has positioned OSU well to have a regional and national impact in smart manufacturing,” said Karl Haapala, an associate professor of manufacturing engineering in the OSU College of Engineering, and an OSU co-principal investigator of this program.
“We have new faculty hires in such areas as sensor design and fabrication, new facility investments, and growing partnerships with major regional industries. OSU faculty are already undertaking leading research in advanced manufacturing, and this initiative will give us the ability to bring more of our work to the industries that can benefit from it, while giving our students the opportunity to gain experience working with industry.”
The Smart Manufacturing Innovation Institute is the ninth manufacturing hub awarded by the Obama administration, federal officials said, as part of the progress toward 15 such institutes across the nation. They reported that after a decade of decline from 2000 to 2010, the U.S. manufacturing sector has added more than 800,000 jobs for the fourth year in a row.
Dozens of industry partners, local and state organizations, and academic partners and research institutes are part of these initiatives, as well as independent associations and scientific societies.
CORVALLIS, Ore. – Researchers at 27 universities and museums around the United States have begun creating what will soon become the world’s greatest butterfly collection – in digital form.
When complete, the collection should comprise data from about three million butterfly and moth specimens in North America, providing invaluable data to answer ecological and scientific questions never before possible.
The initiative is supported by a $3.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation and is being coordinated by the Colorado Plateau Biodiversity Center at Northern Arizona University.
“For anyone who’s ever created an insect collection, butterflies and moths are the poster children,” said Christopher Marshall, curator of the Oregon State Arthropod Collection in the Oregon State University College of Science, which is one of the participants in this project.
“Butterflies generate such a huge base of enthusiasm that people have been collecting them for centuries,” Marshall said. “But the gigantic data set that this new collection will make possible is going to help us understand butterflies and moths in ways we never could before, looking back in time and gaining insights into the future.”
The digitized data, he said, will allow scientists to see where different butterflies and moths have lived, what changes may have taken place over time, and how they might have been affected by shifts in climate or seasonality. They can study where and when non-native species have arrived, or where native species have been pushed out or extirpated. It will show what species survived and thrived, which ones dwindled and died. It will also help scientists visualize under-sampled places, where more surveys might turn up new, undiscovered species.
The ecological time machine offered by such data will not only be useful now, Marshall said, but will help scientists a century or two in the future better understand the ecological effects of a changing world.
Lepidoptera, the order of insects that includes butterflies and moths, is one of the most widespread, colorful and recognized in the world. They make up more than 200,000 of the 3 million specimens in the Oregon State Arthropod Collection, which is directed by David Maddison and is one of the top 10 university-owned butterfly and moth collections in the nation.
OSU plans to contribute about 140,000 butterfly and moth records to this collaboration. This data will be of particular value to the project, Marshall said, because OSU’s holdings are strong in Pacific Northwest species. The varied geographic terrain and unique geological history of Oregon also supports a diverse set of species that live in habitat ranging from coastal rain forests to valleys, mountains, prairies and high sagebrush desert.
“Ecological change is constant, and studies of lepidoptera, which are often linked to particular plants and microhabitats, offer a means to examine how things are changing,” Marshall said.
“We have in our collection a single butterfly specimen collected by a schoolboy in Eugene in the 1930s that is now gone from Oregon. Dana Ross, a volunteer in our work, recently brought in a specimen of a moth from Jackson County, Oregon, that was last seen 80 years ago and is one of only three specimens collected in the state.
“As we put the scattered data from all these specimens together, we can begin to see patterns not visible with only a handful of records. This in turn lets us address bigger, more complex questions about the changing biodiversity in the world around us.”
Some work on this project has already begun at OSU. Both volunteers and student employees will be used on the project over the next four years. People interested in volunteering can contact Marshall at email@example.com
Having long caught the fascination of humans, about 180,000 species of lepidoptera comprise 10 percent of the total described species of living organisms. Butterflies and moths play major roles in ecosystems as pollinators; their larvae as consumers of vegetation; and themselves as an important part of the food web for other animals.
This project will include the effort of citizen scientists, and organizers say they hope for it to stimulate education, public awareness and conservation efforts about butterflies. At OSU, there are literally hundreds of digitized collections related to natural history and other important fields of science.
“Digitizing these data will have a significant impact for centuries, as big data and analytics become more omnipresent,” said Sastry G. Pantula, dean of OSU’s College of Science. “A number of species are becoming extinct and new species are being discovered. We are grateful to the National Science Foundation and our policy makers for their vision to support such collections and expand access, especially given the recent constraints on federal funding.”
Editor’s Note: Tube and high resolution downloadable video are available to illustrate this story.
CORVALLIS, Ore. – A much better understanding of the role of diet and supplements in maintaining optimum health well into old age has emerged over the past 20 years, according to one expert, and today is helping to address chronic diseases that kill most people in the developed world - heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer.
As he retires this month after leading the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University since 1997, Balz Frei, director and distinguished professor of biochemistry and biophysics in the College of Science, has outlined some of the key advances of that period, and the steps still needed for nutrition researchers to work more closely and successfully with the medical community.
In the recent past, Frei said, nutritional research was rife with inconclusive studies that showed associations but no firm cause-effect relationships of disease prevention. Long-term trials with humans to study disease prevention are difficult and often cost prohibitive, and laboratory animal tests that showed effects – such as the effect of a certain food on cancer incidence - often lacked an explanation of “why.”
In the past two decades, a period of extraordinary growth for the Linus Pauling Institute, researchers have worked to answer that question of “why” with considerable success.
“What I wanted to achieve with the institute was to put sciencebehind nutrition,” Frei said. “We’re helping to lead the field of nutrition into more science and mechanism-based research that can have a real impact on promoting human health and preventing disease.”
In this research, an underlying cause of aging and chronic disease has now emerged – chronic inflammation. Inflammation and its accompanying surge of “free radicals” are tied to several major killers, including cardiovascular disease and certain cancers. Scientists are honing in on the mechanisms of inflammation and the antioxidants that can prevent free radical damage.
Important discoveries have been made with vitamin E, in particular, in understanding why this nutrient is required by the body and the role it plays in protecting critical fats, especially during brain development and in the aging brain. Research on vitamin C showed that it helps arteries relax and lowers high blood pressure, a chief cause of stroke.
The institute has also helped change the world view of vitamins and other nutrients. Instead of seeing them simply as a way to correct or prevent a deficiency condition like scurvy, they are increasingly recognized as a way to help prevent chronic disease, counter toxins and contribute to healthier aging.
One molecule in particular, lipoic acid, has shown promise in its ability to “bring cells back to a youthful state,” Frei said. This compound triggers a reaction in cells that makes them more capable of fending off free radicals and other toxic insults that cause inflammation and disease.
Other findings of importance during Frei’s tenure at the institute include:
The discovery and mechanisms of action of several phytochemicals that may help prevent cancer, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease.
Compounds of particular interest range from catechins in tea to quercetin in onions, sulforaphane in broccoli and xanthohumol in hops.
Chlorophyll, a phytochemical that gives plants their green color, can bind to a toxic mold compound called aflatoxin that causes liver cancer, and render it inactive.
Omega-3 fatty acids found in fish or fish oil have been shown to have important health effects, including their role in halting progression of fatty liver disease.
The role of vitamin D in boosting the body’s immune system is being viewed with significant future importance, with the advent of multi-drug resistant bacteria, including one recently confirmed strain that resists medicine’s last-ditch antibiotic.
“Vitamin D plays a crucial role in many functions of the body, not just bone health, and it’s now a public health challenge to raise the levels of it in the population worldwide, so that everyone has the best shot at fighting infections,” Frei said. “LPI works beyond the ivory tower to help people make the right decisions regarding the use of diet and dietary supplements.”
An important future goal, Frei said, would be a full outreach to the medical community.
“Communication between the nutrition science and medical communities is not happening at the scale it needs to right now,” he said. “We need a bridge, and LPI, its Micronutrient Information Center and other public outreach services are well-suited to be that bridge. If we could bring about a change in how medical doctors are educated, I think that would be a major contribution to public health.”
There’s an urgency to change perceptions on diet and supplements among the medical community as well as the general public, Frei said, as rates of chronic, preventable diseases continue to increase.
“There’s so much misleading information out there, so many false promises when it comes to dietary supplements,” Frei said. “We’re trying to counter these claims with evidence-based health information about vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. It has been, and to some extent continues to be an uphill battle for nutrition science to establish itself as a ‘hard’ science. But there’s also a realization now of how critical the field is to human health.”
During Frei’s tenure as director, LPI has grown from one principal investigator to 12, focused on the study of healthy aging, cardiometabolic disease prevention, and cancer prevention and intervention.
More than 650 published research papers and review articles have been cited by peers over 26,000 times, and more than $55 million in funding came from the National Institutes of Health and other agencies.
The institute’s endowment has quadrupled since its inception at OSU, and during the university’s recent capital campaign LPI raised $48 million, $15 million of which went toward the construction of the Linus Pauling Science Center, a state-of-the-art research and education facility.