energy and sustainability

EPA Recognizes OSU as Pac-10 Leader in Purchasing “Green” Power

CORVALLIS, Ore. – For the second year in a row, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has recognized Oregon State University for its purchase of green power, singling out OSU as the leading institution in the Pacific-10 Conference for its sustainability efforts.

The EPA announced this week that OSU led all Pac-10 institutions by purchasing nearly 67 million kilowatt-hours of green power. The purchase of that much green energy is equivalent to reducing the carbon dioxide emissions of nearly 8,800 passenger cars annually, the agency pointed out.

EPA’s recognition of the achievement is part of the agency’s EPA Green Power Partnership, which since 2006 has recognized collegiate athletic conferences with the highest combined green power purchases in the nation. The Individual Conference Champion Award, which OSU is receiving for 2008-09, recognizes the school with the highest green power purchase.

Green power is generated from renewable sources and is considered cleaner than conventional sources of electricity because it has lower carbon dioxide emissions.

Brandon Trelstad, OSU’s sustainability coordinator, said Oregon State’s ability to purchase green power is a result of a commitment to sustainability by students at the school. In 2007, OSU students overwhelmingly voted to assess themselves a fee of up to $8.50 per student each term to pay for green energy. The proposal passed by a margin of 71 percent to 29 percent, making OSU one of the first universities in the country to adopt such a measure.

“It has made a significant difference,” Trelstad said. “Those funds have boosted our ability to purchase renewable energy certificates from off-site sources, including wind energy, biogas and biomass.”

This is the latest in a series of sustainability initiatives that has brought national attention to OSU.

In 2008, the EPA named OSU one of 25 organizations to earn its Green Power Leadership Award, and the Kaplan College Guide listed the university as one of the nation’s top 25 “green colleges.” Also in 2008, Country Home magazine named Corvallis the greenest city in America in a listing of more than 350 cities – primarily because of its association with OSU.

Earlier this year, OSU became one of the first universities in the country to tap the kinetic energy generated by students working out on cardio machines and turning it into a form of renewable energy. OSU retrofitted 22 elliptical exercise machines in its student fee-funded Dixon Recreation Center and is collecting the power produced by students and feeding it back into the power grid.

“The amount of power generated isn’t overwhelming,” Trelstad said, “but it really helps students think about issues relating to energy production and consumption and encourages their activity in other areas. OSU students are quite energy-conscious – and becoming more so every day.”

Last month, the university finished its annual greenhouse gas inventory and reported a 30 percent reduction in net emissions during the past year – another direct result of student-supported green power purchases.

The university’s ability to use renewable power should get a boost later this year when the new $55 million energy center becomes fully operational, replacing a decades-old steam heating plant. The new center will be capable of burning renewable fuels – like methane and diesel – in the future, allowing OSU to produce about half of its electricity through co-generation.

Media Contact: 

Brandon Trelstad,

OSU To Tackle Solar Future in New “Energy Frontier Research Center”

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Oregon State University experts hope to develop some of the solar energy technology of the future in a new Energy Frontier Research Center announced today by the U.S. Department of Energy and the White House – a $777 million initiative to create breakthrough technology for a 21st-century energy economy.

As part of that effort, researchers in the College of Engineering and College of Science at OSU will receive a five-year, $3 million grant to help form a “Center for Inverse Design.” This innovative concept uses theory and computation along with other experimental methods to more rapidly identify the advanced materials that can make solar power less costly and more efficient.

The Department of Energy announced today that it is setting up 46 such centers at universities, national laboratories and other research agencies around the nation, as part of the funds provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Work will take place in diverse fields, ranging from solar energy to electricity storage, biofuels, andvanced nuclear systems, carbon sequestration and other areas.

“Our work with inverse design will be somewhat the opposite of traditional science, where you might invent or discover something and then look for an application,” said John Wager, an OSU professor of electrical engineering. “The idea is to start with the ideal of what you want, such as a solar cell that’s 20 percent efficient. Then you ask what kind of materials, atomic structure, even construction methods it would take to achieve that.”

OSU experts, including Douglas Keszler, a distinguished professor of chemistry, will collaborate in their new center with researchers from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Northwestern University, and Stanford University. In particular, this approach will tap into the power of sophisticated computers and advanced computational ability.

“This is one of the grand challenges that has been identified in engineering, to bring the theorists and the experimentalists together,” Wager said. “Some members of our group will work mostly on the theory of what we want and at OSU we’ll do some of the advanced material science research that will help keep us grounded in reality. Hopefully we’ll meet somewhere in the middle with some powerful new technology we can actually build.”

More than 260 applications from around the nation competed to receive one of these new Energy Frontier Research Centers.

“We are particularly interested in tapping the imagination and creativity of the scientific community to address the fundamental questions of how nature works and to harness this new knowledge for some of our most critical real-world challenges,” Department of Energy officials said in a statement released today.

Continued funding after the initial five-year period is anticipated, federal officials said.

OSU has a wide range of new and alternative energy research initiatives under way, including efforts in new nuclear technology, less costly production of hydrogen for use in hydrogen fuel cells, wave energy, more advanced solar energy through the use of transparent electronics, and other programs.

OSU researchers working on this project are also associated with the Oregon Nanoscience and Microtechnologies Institute, as well as the Oregon Built Environment and Sustainable Technologies Center.

Media Contact: 

John Wager,

OSU to host climate change seminars

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Oregon State University will host a seminar series focusing on different aspects of climate change that begins Wednesday, April 1, with a talk by Ricardo Matano, who will discuss the oceans and climate.

The series is being coordinated by the Global Environmental Change Organization, an OSU student group.

These climate change talks will be held each Wednesday spring term beginning at 3:30 p.m. in Burt Hall 193. They are free and open to the public. The series is sponsored by OSU’s College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences and the Oregon Climate Change Research Institute.

• April 1 – “The Oceans and Climate,” Ricardo Matano, OSU College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences.

• April 8 – “Disturbance, the Surface Energy Balance, and Climate,” Tom O’Halloran, OSU College of Forestry.

• April 15 – “Ice Age Lessons for Global Warming,” Jeremy Shakun, OSU Department of Geosciences/College of Science.

• April 22 – “Climate Feedbacks in Climate Models,” Karen Shell, OSU College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences.

• April 29 – “Humidity and the Seasonality of Influenza,” Jeffrey Shaman, OSU College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences.

• May 6 – “Drilling for Ice Cores in Antarctica,” Logan Mitchell, OSU Department of Geosciences/College of Science.

• May 13 – “Introducing the Oregon Climate Change Research Institute,” Philip Mote, director of OCCRI/OSU College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences.

• May 20 – TBA.

• May 27 – “Linking Population Growth, Development and Global Warming,” Derric Jacobs, College of Liberal Arts.

• June 3 – “Life History Traits Predict Bird Range Shifts Northward,” Matthew Betts, OSU College of Forestry (tentative date).

Media Contact: 

Mark Floyd

Oregon State University Takes Top Spot in Region for Recycling

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Oregon State University led all Pacific Northwest colleges and universities in the 2009 Recyclemania, a nationwide competition to see which institutions can recycle the most. The event took place Jan. 18 through March 28.

In the Per Capita Classic (competition for the highest weight of recyclables per person) OSU ranked No. 1 among all Oregon and Washington schools, and in the Gorilla Prize category (competition for the highest cumulative weight recycled) OSU ranked No. 1 in Oregon and No. 2 in the Pacific Northwest.

This year 510 schools competed from all 50 states as well as the District of Columbia and Canada, collectively recycling 69.4 million pounds. When taking into account all 10 weeks (including the first two, which were trial weeks not considered in final rankings), OSU recycled 385,132 pounds (192.6 tons). Diverting this material from the landfill not only helps the environment, but also saves OSU money on waste disposal.

“Another benefit from competing in Recyclemania is the increased awareness about recycling and waste prevention on campus,” said Andrea Norris, recycling program assistant and coordinator of outreach for the competition. “By putting on events, displaying results in the Memorial Union Quad, and making it our goal to recycle as much as possible, we were able to reach more people and keep waste prevention on the top of people’s minds.”

Campus Recycling’s efforts support OSU’s commitment to sustainability by conserving natural resources, reducing waste, and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions from solid waste. Campus Recycling is becoming more sustainable in other ways such as consolidating routes to save gas, investigating commingled recycling in the residence halls, working with Allied Waste to begin collecting organic material for composting, and sponsoring educational events such as the annual Earth Week celebration.


Andrea Norris,

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OSU student worker

10th Engineering Expo to Showcase Student Inventions

CORVALLIS, Ore. – You might run into a swarm of tiny robots, see a 3-D version of the future of television, examine a human-powered vehicle that can negotiate land, mud or water, or see how a SWAT team could use a new reconnaissance robot.

Regardless of what interests you – the unusual, functional, or creative – you’ll find plenty to see on Friday, May 15, at the popular 10th annual Engineering Expo at Oregon State University.

More than 100 student-built projects, representing OSU’s best undergraduate engineering talent, will be featured at the popular event at the Kelley Engineering Center on the OSU campus. The Expo exhibits will be on display from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m., and the event is free and open to the public.

Also available this year will be tours of the Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory, on the hour from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m., and the newly renovated Kearney Hall, from 1-4 p.m. Visitors are also invited to the Kearney Hall grand opening celebration at 4:30 p.m. Parking is available in the OSU parking structure at 26th and Washington, with shuttle service to all the events.

These senior design projects featured at the Expo are the result of months of student work and a culmination of their engineering studies. Many of these projects are sponsored by business and government organizations in search of a solution to a particular problem. Students take what they’ve learned in years of classroom and laboratory instruction and work with their sponsors to turn that knowledge into functional new inventions.

All of the disciplines in OSU’s large and diverse College of Engineering are represented at the Expo, and a special exhibit in the Sustainability Showcase this year will focus on clean technology and “green” energy solutions. The Robo*Palooza event will include the TekBot Triathlon, OSU’s entry for this year’s Mars Rover Challenge, and FIRST robots from local high schools.

Among the many other displays and inventions at this year’s event:

• A “telebotic” arm control, a wearable machine that fits over your arm to provide robotic function;

• A new game teaches biology, where DNA is represented by ATCG building blocks;

• An interactive visualization tool is complete with National Football League statistics for drafting and managing a fantasy football team;

• A new operating room recycling process to reduce waste in hospitals, including Good Samaritan Hospital in Corvallis;

• A new system for laser welding polymer parts, for use in developing high-tech devices;

• A parachute that can be tossed out of an airplane with its payload and then navigated to a specific landing site.

Media Contact: 

Renie Ashbaugh,

Multimedia Downloads

2008 EXPO-7723

Electric motorcycle

OSU to harness the power of its students – literally

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Every day, thousands of college students determinedly hit the cardio machines, lowering their stress after a tough exam, getting in shape for spring, or working off those chocolate chip cookies that showed up in a care package from home.

But now Oregon State University and a private firm are teaming up to harness the fruits of this student labor by capturing the energy from their workouts – literally.

OSU will become one of the first universities in the country to tap the kinetic energy generated by people involved in daily workout routines and turn it into a form of renewable energy. Using a new technology developed by a company in St. Petersburg, Fla., called ReRev.com, LLC, OSU has retrofitted 22 elliptical exercise machines in its student fee-funded Dixon Recreation Center and already is collecting the power produced by students and feeding it back into the power grid.

The effort will produce an estimated 3,500 kilowatt hours of electricity in a year, according to Brandon Trelstad, the university’s sustainability coordinator.

“Its output could be equivalent to what is needed to power a small, very efficient house,” Trelstad said. “Our ultimate goal is to maximize both the real power output of the system and the learning opportunities gained by having it at OSU, where our students clearly care about renewable energy.”

In 2007, OSU students voted to impose upon themselves an $8.50 per student per term fee to purchase renewable energy for the campus. Since then, about three-quarters of the university’s electricity has come from renewable production.

“OSU students have demonstrated how big student power can be on campus,” said Matthew Pennington, chief of staff for the Associated Students of Oregon State University. “It was a grassroots movement that helped OSU turn green – and this project moves it forward even farther.”

The ReRev technology features a system that has a patent pending called ReCardio that captures and converts the otherwise counter-productive heat energy from exercise machines. Though some businesses or individuals have dabbled with this type of energy conversion, a program on this scale is unusual, Trelstad pointed out.

“A battery-free system like this, tied to the grid, is quite rare,” Trelstad said. “In fact, we’re informed by ReRev – which has done extensive market research – that this is the largest installation of its kind in the world.”

The project, coordinated by OSU’s Sustainability Office and Recreational Sports Department, was supported by OSU students through their student incidental fees committee and by the Energy Trust of Oregon.

“Capturing electricity from exercise machines represents a small, but potentially widely replicable source of energy,” said Jan Schaeffer, special projects manager, Energy Trust. “We’re happy to support OSU in demonstrating the capabilities of this technology. And it’s a perfect capstone for the Corvallis Energy Challenge we’ve promoted over the past year.”

Trelstad said the 22-unit installation just came online and will be officially launched during OSU’s Campus Wellness Week, Feb. 16-21 (info at oregonstate.edu/recsports/cww). The potential is there for future expansion of up to 40 machines with some additional hardware.

OSU’s popular Dixon Recreation Center is the ideal facility for the system, Pennington said, because of the existing number of machines and high usage rates per machine.

“The center’s workout volume, combined with the large amount of equipment, could eventually produce the same amount of electricity as a small solar photovoltaic system, placing students directly in the renewable energy production chain.”

When students are pedaling for power on these elliptical machines, a real-time display screen shows momentary power production, production to date, production peaks, and other information.

Trelstad said additional energy savings will be realized through lower summer cooling needs for the building. Instead of creating heat as most exercise machines are set up to do, usable electricity will be generated. The power generation will slightly reduce the electrical consumption of the building, much like how a small solar electric system operates, he pointed out.

More important, however, the project has the power – no pun intended – to bring sustainability and renewable energy awareness to students who may never have thought about it in such direct ways.

“This type of involved, hands on learning can be invaluable for students,” said Pennington. “This project will put green power, and new technology directly in contact with students that may have never seen it before. This type of project is one of those that students look at and it just makes sense.

“It has no learning curve, and is easy for anyone to comprehend.”

Editor’s Note: Here is the video of the celebration that OSU hosted on February 18th: http://oregonstate.edu/media/zqxqrl.

Media Contact: 

Brandon Trelstad,
OSU Sustainability Coordinator,

Tsunami simulations featured during National Engineers Week

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Next week students from Sweet Home, Ore., to Washington, D.C., not to mention program managers from the National Science Foundation, will all be building small, tsunami-resistance structures – only to knock them over with waves and see which ones survive.

In the process, they will all learn a little about construction, a fair amount about the power of tsunami wave forces, and a better appreciation of the skills of engineering, all as one way to celebrate National Engineers Week.

“These miniature structures and waves we use to simulate a tsunami have turned into very powerful learning tools,” said Alicia Lyman-Holt, education and outreach coordinator for the Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory at Oregon State University. “It’s simple, it’s interesting, it’s educational and it helps people see the problem-solving skills and creativity of engineers.”

For those reasons, Lyman-Holt said, the National Science Foundation asked half a dozen OSU students and staff to travel to Washington, D.C., and set up a portable demonstration of this exercise at the National Building Museum for its annual Discover Engineering Family Day.

For that event, which will be next Saturday, Feb. 21, from 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., museum visitors and their children will be able to use building blocks to set up little structures in OSU’s portable wave flume, about 15 feet long, to see what would happen if a tsunami wave hits them. OSU undergraduate and graduate students will also make public presentations about tsunami issues.

Earlier in the week, about 100 undergraduate students from OSU and another 25-30 mathematics students from Sweet Home, Ore., will do similar experiments in the Tsunami Wave Basin at OSU, the most sophisticated facility of its type in the world. And to join in that venture, two structures built by program managers of the National Science Foundation will also be tested, while the managers watch.

Anyone can watch the OSU event, which will be broadcast live on the web at wave.oregonstate.edu. Tsunami simulations will be on Tuesday, Feb. 17, at about 9 a.m., 11:30 a.m. and 1 p.m., PST.

“Usually about 20 percent of the structures survive the waves in these tests,” Lyman-Holt said. “It’s always interesting to see which ones do best, and at this point we don’t know whether that will be from a National Science Foundation manager, OSU undergraduates who are part of a hydraulic engineering course, or a student from Sweet Home High School.”

Events such as this are proving to be such a successful learning experience, OSU officials say, that the live/remote tsunami structure activity will also be done this spring with rural Oregon schools and undergraduate students at the University of Hawaii, and with high school groups in Thailand this summer.

Media Contact: 

Alicia Lyman-Holt,

Report: OSU reduced net greenhouse emissions 30 percent in 2007-08

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Large purchases of renewable energy – funded by a fee that Oregon State University students imposed upon themselves – helped OSU reduce its net greenhouse gas emissions by 30 percent during the 2007-08 fiscal year, according to a new report.

Conducted by the university’s Sustainability Office, the second annual inventory measured the university’s greenhouse gas emissions across the state, according to Brandon Trelstad, who coordinates OSU’s sustainability efforts.

The inventory includes not just the university’s main campus, but its Hatfield Marine Science Center in Newport, the OSU-Cascades Campus in Bend, OSU Extension Service offices in most Oregon counties, and various facilities operated by Forest Research Laboratory and Agricultural Experiment Station.

Overall, the university had a 2 percent increase in gross emissions, which Trelstad attributes primarily to increased consumption of natural gas. “Some of that could have been weather-related,” he said. “We’ll have to check the weather data.”

The university also experienced small increases in electricity consumption and air miles flown. All of those increases, however, were more than offset by purchases of renewable energy funded primarily by student fees. In 2007, OSU students overwhelmingly voted to assess themselves a fee of up to $8.50 per student each term to pay for “green” energy. The proposal passed by a margin of 71 percent to 29 percent, making OSU one of the first universities in the country to adopt such a measure.

“It has made a significant difference,” Trelstad said. “Those funds have boosted our ability to purchase renewable energy certificates from off-site sources, including wind energy, biogas and biomass.”

Earlier this year, OSU students gained national attention for their energy generation. Oregon State became one of the first universities in the country to tap the kinetic energy generated by students working out on cardio machines and turning it into a form of renewable energy. OSU retrofitted 22 elliptical exercise machines in its student fee-funded Dixon Recreation Center and is collecting the power produced by students and feeding it back into the power grid.

The effort will produce an estimated 3,500 kilowatt hours of electricity in a year, said Trelstad, enough to power a “small, very efficient house.”

“The amount of power generated isn’t overwhelming,” he said, “but it really helps students think about issues relating to energy production and consumption and encourages their activity in other areas. OSU students are quite energy-conscious – and becoming more so every day.”

The university’s ability to use renewable power should get a boost later this year when the new $55 million energy center becomes fully operational, replacing a decades-old steam heating plant. The new center will allow OSU to produce about half of its electricity through co-generation.

OSU’s comprehensive inventory, which is available online at http://oregonstate.edu/sustainability/energy/climate.html, tracks the university’s carbon footprint by measuring not just energy consumption, but commuting miles logged by faculty, staff and students; air miles traveled during the year; solid waste taken to local landfills; refrigerants used in dining halls, restaurants and research; and even fertilizer and animal waste from the university’s agricultural programs.

“Every year we get a little bit better in our calculations and analysis,” said Greg Smith, who helped Trelstad conduct the inventory. “There is a lot of interest on campus – from faculty, staff and administration, as well as students – in reducing our greenhouse gas emissions as much as we can.”

Media Contact: 

Brandon Trelstad,

Advance made in turning water, sunlight into fuel

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Simply split H2O into H2 and O. And just like that, the energy crisis is solved.

That may sound too easy to be true. Actually, it’s not all that easy, but it could be true. According to engineers at Oregon State University, it should be possible to meet much of the world’s energy needs with nothing more than the combination of water, sunlight and cyanobacteria. And an important advance has just been made toward that goal.

OSU researchers successfully got one type of cyanobacteria – more commonly known as blue-green algae – to live, grow and produce hydrogen while the cells were “encapsulated” in a solid state system, an important preliminary step to controlling this interaction of water, light and bacteria for practical use.

Significant progress still needs to be made in making the process more efficient and using light energy more effectively, but the advance demonstrates the feasibility of using these biological processes to produce hydrogen – which could be used directly as a fuel, or in hydrogen fuel cells to power the electric automobiles of the future.

In one context, this would become a different form of solar energy.

The recent findings were published in the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. Based on this and other progress, the U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research also recently awarded a grant of $938,000 to OSU, the University of Oregon and Indiana University to continue research.

“Cyanobacteria have been using water and sunlight to produce hydrogen and oxygen for billions of years, it’s why we have oxygen in our atmosphere,” said Roger Ely, an associate professor of biological and ecological engineering at OSU. “The process is natural and it isn’t new.

“But what we need to do is control and improve this process in a practical, efficient and inexpensive way to produce hydrogen that we could use for fuel,” Ely said. “Being able to get cyanobacteria cells to produce hydrogen while they are encapsulated is an important step toward that.”

Existing fuel cell technology that produces electricity is already very efficient, scientists say – more so than the internal combustion engines now fueled by gasoline. Such forms of power are also attractive because they would be environmentally benign, producing only water as a by-product. To use fuel cells to power automobiles, advances will need to be made in storage technology. And the hydrogen itself will have to be abundant and inexpensive, which is what many researchers are now working toward with differing approaches.

The biological approach, Ely said, is one of the most promising.

“Cyanobacteria use water and light in the process of photosynthesis, and try to grow by producing carbohydrates,” Ely said. “They also produce some hydrogen, though. We want them to use less energy making carbohydrates and channel more into hydrogen production, and do it in such a way that we can control the process and use it to our advantage.”

In recent research, the OSU engineers accomplished part of that with the encapsulation approach – kind of like little cells being held in a glass sponge – that keeps the bacteria isolated from the environment, resistant to contamination, and able to live longer and to produce larger amounts of hydrogen. The glass sponge material creates a solid framework that provides structural, thermal and chemical stability to encapsulated cells.

Such solid state devices could potentially be encased in treated glass or another suitable material and engineered as biocassettes in a variety of configurations, such as sheets, thin films, or designed layers that could be versatile, portable, contained, stable, efficient and inexpensive, Ely said.

In continuing research Ely said, scientists hope to find ways to make the bacteria use more of the sunlight that is available to them – to “harvest” the light energy more efficiently. And it’s also necessary for them to continue their work with variable levels and lower intensities of light.

“We believe all of these steps are possible,” Ely said. “If adequate support is directed to research programs in this area, we think it is possible to have working technologies in five to seven years. Our ultimate goal is to be able to create simple, environmentally safe processes that make a great deal of hydrogen at very low cost.”

Such hydrogen production systems might be built as central facilities, he said, or even incorporated into homes – a window could someday become a hydrogen production device, for example. And such decentralized energy production systems could help reduce the huge amounts of energy lost by transporting it long distances.

“We have a nuclear fusion reactor conveniently located 93 million miles away, and it bathes us with a constant flow of light and energy,” Ely said.

“The solar energy that strikes the Earth in just one hour is sufficient to meet global energy needs for an entire year,” he said. “An hour’s worth of that power, if it could be turned into $3 a gallon gasoline, would be worth $10.4 trillion. We just need to convert a small part of that free energy into a form we can use, and nature offers us examples of systems that do that every day.”

Media Contact: 

Roger Ely,

Lincoln City seminar promotes local self-reliance

LINCOLN CITY, Ore. – A seminar that promotes local self-reliance through three cornerstones of energy, community and economy will be held Wednesday, March 25, beginning at 10 a.m. at Chinook Winds Casino in Lincoln City.

The four-hour workshop is the second offered by the Oregon State University Extension office in Lincoln County and the Oregon Coast Community College Small Business Development Center.

A variety of resources for local self-reliance will be addressed, including solar energy, wave energy, bio diesel, living off the grid, sustaining local business, recycling, growing your own food and others, according to Sam Angima, chair of the Lincoln County Extension office.

"People have called our office asking what they can do to start local efforts to use alternative energy and become more self-reliant in their own communities," Angima said. "We realized local issues can be solved best by local people, and we've invited community professionals and college faculty to discuss past, present and future methods."

Cost of the seminar is $20, which includes lunch. Registration is required and can be done online at: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/lincoln/agriculture/self-local-reliance, at the OSU Extension Office at 29 S.E. 2nd St., in Newport, or by calling 541-574-6534. The seminar will be at the Chinook Winds Casino, 1501 NW 40th Place, Lincoln City.

Another seminar on local self-reliance is planned for May 6 in Newport.


Sam Angima,