energy and sustainability

OSU Receives $1.1 Million to Install New “Hurricane” Wavemaker

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Researchers at Oregon State University have been awarded $1.1 million from the National Science Foundation to install a “hurricane” wavemaker at the O. H. Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory, to better understand the impacts of hurricanes and other coastal hazards.

The high performance wavemaker will be installed in late 2008 in North America’s largest coastal wave flume, helping researchers around the world to better simulate waves generated by extreme storms. This is an important step in understanding the impact these waves have on coastal infrastructure and better educating coastal residents about survival preparedness.

“This new hurricane wavemaker will be the largest in the United States and will enable us to create the long-period waves and high wave heights associated with hurricane waves and other extreme storms,” said Daniel Cox, associate professor of civil engineering at OSU and director of the O.H. Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory.

The U.S. has no coastal research facilities able to simulate hurricanes and other extreme storms that are large enough to minimize the effects of scaling.

The large-stroke, piston-type wavemaker will allow precision, large-scale studies, enabling safer and more cost-effective design of coastal infrastructure such as bridges, levees, buildings and lifelines, Cox said. This will lead to better practices for the repair and retrofit of existing structures and improved design codes for new construction. The facility will also improve education and outreach to people living in areas susceptible to coastal storms.

More than half of the U.S. population lives within 50 miles of the coast – and the civil infrastructure along U.S. coasts, worth more than $3 trillion, is vulnerable to coastal storms. According to a 2007 report from the National Science Board, the economic and societal impacts of extreme events such as hurricanes are expected to escalate in coming years.

“This facility will assist engineers and scientists in developing resilient coastal communities in the face of increasing coastal population and rising sea levels due to global climate change,” said Cox, who will collaborate on the project with a number of OSU faculty from the OSU colleges of engineering, science, and oceanic and atmospheric sciences.

In addition to enhancing the study of wave impacts on coastal infrastructure, this new capability will enable researchers to study a range of engineering and scientific problems in constructed and natural coastal environments, including:

  • wave energy systems
  • coastal erosion and recovery after storms
  • dune erosion and overtopping
  • tsunami propagation over reefs
  • environmental fluid-sediment dynamics

Between 2000 and 2004, the NSF funded construction at OSU of the $5.4 million Tsunami Wave Basin, the largest facility of its kind in the world and part of the Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES). Experimental data obtained from the basins are centrally archived at NEES, Inc. and can be used to validate and calibrate existing and future numerical models to solve engineering and scientific problems.

The Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory is a shared-use, international facility operated by the OSU College of Engineering. No other facility in the U.S. matches the size and performance of the basins, and only a handful of facilities in the world can operate at near-prototype ocean conditions. Due to the lab’s high level information technology, researchers worldwide can participate remotely in experiments at the facility.

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Dan Cox,

Ocean Energy Conference to Review Progress, Needs

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Ocean energy experts from private industry, government agencies and academia will meet at Oregon State University on Friday, Aug. 10, to discuss the latest developments in the evolution of wave energy in Oregon.

The conference, “Ocean Renewable Energy II,” is sponsored by the Oregon Science and Technology Partnership and 13 other co-sponsors. It is the second of its type to bring together leaders in this field to review technological progress, analyze challenges and propose needed actions to move wave energy from a concept to working reality.

More than two dozen experts in renewable energy, regulatory processes, fisheries, economics, scientific research and other fields will participate in presentations or panel discussions. Information on the event, registration, speakers and topics can be obtained on the web at http://www.ostpartnership.org

The theme of the meeting will be “Making Ocean Renewable Energy Happen in Oregon,” and Diane Enright, assistant director of the Oregon Department of Energy, will present at overview of wave energy policy progress in Oregon.

A keynote address on “The Oregon Innovation Council and the Role of Ocean Renewable Energy” will be presented by David Chen, chair of the Oregon Innovation Council and partner in the Oregon Venture Partnership.

Other topics and events will include:

  • Community and local government perspectives
  • Tour of the Wallace Energy Systems and Renewables Facility at OSU
  • Tour of the O.H. Hinsdale Wave Research Lab and Tsunami Basin
  • Permitting and regulatory frameworks
  • Nationwide activities in ocean renewable energy
  • The federal legislative agenda
  • The Oregon Wave Energy Trust

The Oregon Science and Technology Partnership works to promote growth of the Oregon economy by building collaboration among regional businesses, investors, academic resources and government agencies. OSU is an academic leader in research and development of wave energy in the United States, and is working to position Oregon as a focal point for the future of this technology.

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Nancy Kline,

OSU Sun Grant Center lands $8 million in federal funds

CORVALLIS - Oregon State University's role as one of the nation's leading centers of "bioenergy" research got a significant boost today when President George Bush signed federal legislation providing more than $8 million in funding for the Sun Grant Center at OSU.

The Sun Grant Initiative funding, which is part of the federal transportation bill, will be spread over four years and will largely go to university researchers and extension agents, governmental agency employees, private entrepreneurs and others in the West, including OSU faculty members, who submit successful competitive grant proposals.

"The potential benefits of research being conducted through the Sun Grant Center loom large, for our nation and the world," said OSU President Edward Ray. "The fact that OSU's selection as a national center has been followed so quickly with significant funding to further this work is a testament to the importance of that research and the faculty who conduct it."

"Oregon's congressional delegation worked tirelessly to help make this happen, and it's going to be very good for the state," said Thayne Dutson, the dean of OSU's College of Agricultural Sciences, which hosts the Sun Grant Center. "The Sun Grant Initiative is going to bring new money here, help stimulate and sustain our agriculture industry, and thus our economy, and give OSU an opportunity to develop even greater expertise in this important area of research in collaboration with scientists at other institutions in Oregon and other states."

Last year, the federal government tapped OSU as one of the country's five initial Sun Grant centers of excellence - regional hubs charged with leading research, education and outreach programs largely focused on the evolving field of bioenergy. That began an R&D initiative intended to reduce reliance on imported fossil fuels, add diversity to American agriculture and revitalize rural economies.

For the Sun Grant Initiative, OSU will be the lead university representing nine western states, plus the Pacific Territories and associated Pacific island nations. The university's leadership for the initiative makes OSU one of only two universities in the nation, along with Cornell University, that are now designated as land, sea, space and sun grant institutions.

OSU faculty involved in bioenergy research are already focused on such projects as harnessing microorganisms to produce hydrogen, growing crops to make fuel for automobiles and heavy equipment, generating electricity and producing products like lubricants and pharmaceuticals that usually require petroleum.

Jan Auyong, assistant dean of OSU's College of Agricultural Sciences, is overseeing the western Sun Grant Center. A number of OSU projects relate to bioenergy and bioproducts, said Auyong, offering four examples:

  • Michael Penner, a food scientist, is studying how to convert agricultural residues, particularly straw, into energy and other bio-based products.
  • Bioengineer Roger Ely is conducting research needed to allow the production of hydrogen for fuel cells by microorganisms that use solar energy to split water.
  • Don Wysocki, an Extension educator at OSU's Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Center at Pendleton, is working with farmers and others to identify crops such as canola that can be grown and used in small crushing plants to produce biodiesel fuel.
  • David Hackleman and associates in OSU's College of Engineering are developing reactor technology for the production of biodiesel fuel. They plan to build and operate a pilot-scale facility on campus, using waste grease from campus dining halls.

    According to Dutson, OSU will form standing committees to help determine Sun Grant research needs and criteria for competitive grants. Members will include representatives of the agricultural and industrial communities in the West.

    Other regional Sun Grant centers of excellence are at: Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.; the University of Tennessee, Knoxville; Oklahoma State University, Stillwater; and South Dakota State University, Brookings.

    There is more information about OSU's Sun Grant activities on the Web at: http://agsci.oregonstate.edu/research/grants_sun_2002.html

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    Thayne Dutson, 541-737-2331

    Economists Find Current Biofuel Potential in Oregon May Be Costly and Limited

    CORVALLIS, Ore. - The adoption of biofuels in Oregon could reduce the state's fossil fuel use by less than one percent, but at a much higher cost to society than more direct approaches such as a gasoline tax or raising fuel economy standards. That is the conclusion of a study published this week by the Oregon State University Extension Service.

    The study, by OSU economists William Jaeger, Robin Cross, and Thorsten Egelkraut, compared three types of biofuels — corn ethanol, canola biodiesel, and wood-based (cellulosic) ethanol. They examined their commercial viability, potential production scale, and cost-effectiveness for achieving energy independence and reducing greenhouse gases.

    "The promotion of biofuels is a public issue," said Jaeger. "Would a shift to biofuels achieve energy independence and a reduction of greenhouse gas? To answer this, we need to compare the cost for different approaches. Especially in terms of energy independence, these biofuels represent a costly and inefficient method compared to other approaches the government might take to achieve the same goal."

    The researchers estimate that to achieve a given improvement in energy independence, biofuels could be 6 to 15 times more costly than other policy approaches such as raising fuel economy standards for vehicles.

    When looking exclusively at reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, however, their analysis suggests that both canola biodiesel and wood-based ethanol may be cost-effective ways to achieve that goal.

    The results are also mixed in terms of commercial competitiveness. The study finds that corn ethanol and canola biodiesel are currently commercially viable in Oregon, thanks in part to government subsidies and regulations that have increased demand and lowered the cost of production. However, current production costs are still too high to make wood-based ethanol commercially attractive.

    How can these biofuels be commercially competitive yet represent very high-cost ways to achieve energy independence? The authors explain that in addition to subsidies that lower the cost of production while adding cost to taxpayers, there are large differences in the amounts of fossil-fuel energy required to produce each fuel, and there are large differences in the amount of energy contained in a gallon of each fuel.

    The OSU study looked only at large-scale commercial production of these three biofuels. The authors acknowledge that local or on-farm production may offer other advantages in some cases. They also caution that their estimates are subject to future changes in prices, technologies, or other developments.

    The authors find that the potential scale of production for these biofuels in Oregon is limited. They estimate that these biofuels could contribute no more than a fraction of one percent of Oregon's current energy use.

    "The main results of our analysis do not depend on our regional focus," Jaeger said. Although the scale of production of Midwest corn ethanol and soybean-based biodiesel is much larger than Oregon biofuels, the cost and cost-effectiveness of their production is not much different.

    To view the report, see: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog/pdf/sr/sr1078.pdf

    Story By: 

    William Jaeger,

    Weatherford Hall Granted LEED Certification

    CORVALLIS, Ore. – Oregon State University’s Weatherford Hall, home of the Austin Entrepreneurship Program, has become certified as a “green” building by the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design program, or LEED. The 1928 building is the first residential building on the OSU campus to receive this designation.

    A program of the U.S. Green Building Council, LEED is a voluntary national standard for developing environmentally sustainable buildings.

    Kelley Engineering Center is the only other completed building at OSU that is LEED certified. It is certified gold, the second highest rating. According to Brandon Trelstad, campus sustainability coordinator, all future capital construction projects at OSU, including new buildings and major remodels, will be LEED certified silver or equivalent.

    "Weatherford Hall is a place where our students eat, live, learn, and socialize,” said College of Business Dean Ilene Kleinsorge. “Being LEED certified is consistent with the building’s role as a model for sustainable development in not only physical facilities but also a model for living including a collaborative, interdisciplinary, and innovation program.”

    LEED is the nationally accepted benchmark for the design, construction, and operation of high performance green buildings. Five key areas are looked at for obtaining this certification: sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection, and indoor environmental quality.

    “In order to get certified by LEED, you really have to engage in this process from the beginning as the building construction or renovation is being designed,” said Tom Scheuermann, director of University Housing & Dining Services at OSU.

    Although Weatherford Hall was built in 1928, it underwent a $20 million renovation in 2004, thanks in part to a donation by Ken and Joan Austin. Now the building houses nearly 300 students in what is the largest residential entrepreneurship program in the country.

    Scheuermann said the goal during the remodel was to make Weatherford as “green” as possible, from the materials used to remodel the building, to how the site was prepared and what was done with the leftover materials.

    Some of the key factors in Weatherford receiving a LEED certification include:

    • Using low-impact, environmentally-friendly materials for paint, adhesives and carpet;

    • Building the ventilation, electrical systems, heating and plumbing to be as efficient as possible;

    • At least 75 percent of the building materials were recycled. In one case, an old dining center that had been attached to Weatherford in 1959 was torn down. The concrete was chopped into small pieces, which were used to fill in the basement floor;

    • Native plants and trees were planted. And in the front lawn of Weatherford, “eco-lawn” was planted. Eco-lawn was developed by OSU researcher Tom Cook and is a mixture of grasses, flowers, and herbs that looks like grass, but is weed resistant and needs less water.

    Scheuermann said making Weatherford a more sustainable building not only makes financial sense in terms of energy savings, but it serves as an educational model for the students and faculty who live in the building.

    “It is an educational opportunity for students and it is in keeping with the College of Business, our department, and the university’s sustainability goals.”

    Story By: 

    Tom Scheuermann,

    OSU to host United Nations conference

    CORVALLIS, Ore. - Oregon State University is preparing to host a week-long United Nations conference this summer that will bring delegates from 15 nations and 17 organizations to Corvallis, Ore., to discuss safer, "passive" nuclear energy technologies.

    "We're thrilled that the United States, through its permanent mission to the International Atomic Energy Agency at the United Nations in Vienna, Austria, has agreed to have this important conference here at Oregon State," said José Reyes, professor and head of the OSU Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Health Physics.

    Reyes returned in January from a year-long appointment in Vienna as a U.S. technical expert with this U.N. agency. He played a key role in OSU's selection as the site for the conference, which runs August 29 through Sept. 2.

    Conference delegates will discuss natural circulation-based passive safety systems for use in nuclear power plants. Because these systems rely on natural processes such as gravity-driven circulation and natural convection, they are being considered for new nuclear plants worldwide, Reyes said.

    OSU researchers lead the nation in the development and testing of passive reactor technologies that are simpler, more compact, and exceed the highest safety standards of the nuclear industry.

    "Given the focus of our research, holding the U.N. conference here at OSU is a perfect fit," said Reyes. "Delegates will be able to see our research up close and tour our test facilities."

    Only two passively safe nuclear plants in the world have obtained final design approval by their licensing authorities, and both were tested at OSU, whose graduate program in nuclear engineering is ranked ninth in the nation by U.S. News and World Report.

    At the conference, Reyes will demonstrate a new concept for a passively safe modular reactor design. The Multi Application Small Light Water Reactor design, developed jointly with Idaho National Lab and NEXANT-Bechtel, works on a "plug and play" principle that allows utility companies to increase capacity as revenue builds rather than waiting for a return on the huge initial investment required by traditional reactor designs.

    The countries to be represented at the conference include Argentina, Austria, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, India, Japan, the Netherlands, the Republic of Korea, Russia, Spain, Slovakia, Switzerland and the United States.


    José Reyes, 541-737-7065

    OSU talks focus on sustainable economics

    CORVALLIS - An economic framework focused on transition to sustainability and a healthier planet will be the topic of two Oregon State University College of Business talks on Friday, May 20.

    The free hour-long forums, titled "Dialogue with Hank Patton," are open to the public, but advance registration is required. Talks start at 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. in OSU's Memorial Union Joyce Powell Leadership Center. For information or registration, contact the College of Business at 541-737-2219.

    Patton is founder and chairman of World Steward - a non-profit organization working on economic and cultural partnerships that align the interests of today with what he contends are the interests of future generations. Patton will outline intergenerational commerce - commerce targeted toward a maintaining a healthier lifestyle and planet.

    Patton and his colleagues have been working with the states of Oregon, Georgia and Washington to find ways to fund intergenerational commerce and a sustainable infrastructure.

    Up for discussion will be OSU's role in working with the state and local communities in funding new technologies, business models and even communities to create a sustainable future for Oregonians.

    Other topics include: economic and cultural partnerships focused on protecting the interests of future generations; managing resources by looking beyond the short-term; and integrated transitional framework for products across industry sectors.

    In more than 20 years of work in the Columbia River Gorge, Patton developed interim partnerships and ultimately permanent funds to purchase and protect 11 parcels of ancient forest and agricultural land, creating two land trusts and raising more than $4 million to establish both the Little White Salmon Biodiversity Reserve and World Steward's Highland Farm, a retreat and collaborative research station in the art and science of sustainable culture.



    College of Business, 541-737-2219

    Report Indicates Bioenergy Activity, Industry Moving Quickly in Oregon

    CORVALLIS, Ore. – A new study of the potential for bioenergy businesses in Oregon reveals an industry that is already taking off with surprising speed, spurred by business tax credits, aggressive advocacy groups and a streamlined regulation system.

    The report, funded by a $40,000 grant from the Oregon University System and the Oregon Economic and Community Development Department, shows that there are few hurdles for proposed new businesses to jump, a lot of private and public interest and a new era of bioenergy production already under way.

    “We knew there was a lot of interest in this area and opportunities for growth, but it was very surprising to see how much is already going on,” said Kenneth Williamson, head of chemical engineering at Oregon State University, who coordinated the production of this report.

    “It appears the most activity so far has been focused in corn-based ethanol and waste-oil biodiesel production, but we expect the field to broaden beyond that,” Williamson said. “Because electricity from hydroelectric production is so inexpensive in the Pacific Northwest, the production of liquid fuels may continue to be the most promising area, especially in areas like cellulosic ethanol where we have some advantages.”

    Another major advance, Williamson said, would be legislative approval and funding for the new BEST, or Bio-Economy and Sustainable Technologies Research Center, that has been proposed by the Oregon Innovation Council as another of the state’s signature research centers. Building on the success of ONAMI in helping the nano- and microtechnology industries, researchers believe that BEST will provide the research and development component for bioenergy and bioproducts that is now lacking.

    The initiative is envisioned as a collaboration of OSU, Portland State University, the University of Oregon, and the Oregon Institute of Technology, and could help a “clean energy” industry in the Pacific Northwest grow to $2.5 billion over the next 20 years, organizers project. That would also generate thousands of new jobs and create diverse industries all across the region.

    "BEST is the next big step in Oregon research institutions and public policy adopting a startup culture,” said David Chen, general partner of OVP Venture Partners and chair of the Oregon Innovation Council. “By working with industry to identify the key research problems that need to be solved, BEST will catalyze our region's strengths to take advantage of emerging growth markets."

    The new survey contacted more than 150 individuals, project developers, permitting agencies and others, and identified 80 bioenergy projects already being considered, planned or operational in Oregon. Almost half of the initiatives were in ethanol, biodiesel, and cellulosic ethanol development – such as an OSU research initiative that is moving new miniaturized biodiesel technology towards commercialization. There were also 17 projects working with co-generation of power from forest fuels, and 22 with biogas from dairies and wastewater.

    The survey learned that biofuel project developers had some concerns about available feedstock, identified a need to create higher value with byproducts, and were seeking new markets. Forest biomass also had a need for a more consistent fuel supply, and faced difficulties competing with the low price of Pacific Northwest electricity. Several of these needs, Williamson said, are issues that would be appropriate for BEST research programs.

    Among the other findings of the report:

    • If all the bioenergy plants under consideration or construction were to be built, they could produce 400 million gallons a year of ethanol, 315 million gallons of biodiesel, 40-60 million gallons cellulosic ethanol, and 150 megawatts of power from biomass burning.
    • Incremental improvements could be made in the permitting system, perhaps including the extension of a “one stop” permitting system to smaller projects.
    • Access to dependable biomass supplies were cited as a frequent concern, especially as an issue that might interfere with obtaining the needed financing for new production plants.
    • Outreach and education to the public is necessary, to help prevent the “not in my backyard” reaction to new power plants.

    Some other, smaller projects are being considered in various areas. Plastic disposable products such as bags or plastic eating utensils can be converted to biodiesel, and a Portland manufacturer is exploring this. A Eugene company is demonstrating a system that would hit closer to home, in which domestic waste can be converted to biogas to run a kitchen stove. And Oregon’s only coal-fired power plant might be able to generate algae for biodiesel production.

    Survey respondents suggested that an active BEST Center would be able to help provide information on federal and state funding opportunities; develop new technologies to improve feedstock processing; develop business models and technical plans; research policy and technology trends; develop models for small-scale energy applications; bridge the gap between research and working technologies; and assist with many other projects.

    Several dozen needs were identified by the study that might be candidates for BEST Center assistance.

    Organizers say that Oregon has the potential to become one of the leading states in the nation in the field of bioenergy research, development and production, based in part on the wide diversity and strength of the state’s agricultural and forestry sectors.

    The full report can be obtained on the web at http://inr.oregonstate.edu/reports_environment.html

    Story By: 

    Kenneth Williamson,

    OSU and OSU Extension Service win food bank honors

    PORTLAND - In observance of Oregon Hunger Awareness Week, the Oregon Food Bank awarded Oregon State University and OSU Extension Service the 2005 Hunger Buster Award at a ceremony recently in Portland.


    Beth Ray, wife of OSU president Ed Ray, and John Winder, assistant director of OSU Extension, accepted the award for outstanding hunger-relief efforts by an organization.

    The OSU Extension Service was recognized for its many programs that help people throughout Oregon, from life skills classes in McMinnville to nutrition education in Tillamook to the Hunger Summit and community food assessment workshop in southern Oregon.

    OSU has supported Linn-Benton Food Share, part of the Oregon Food Share network, for more than a decade. During the last five years, OSU has donated more than $50,000, more than 80,000 pounds of food, and hours of volunteer and intern work to help fight hunger.

    In addition, OSU researchers conduct and analyze hunger surveys, publish scholarly research on hunger and raise awareness of hunger through public education and events.

    To more closely coordinate efforts to serve the needs of Oregon's hungry, OSU Extension nutrition educator Anne Hoisington recently moved to an office at the Oregon Food Bank's Portland headquarters. From here, she serves as a liaison between Extension Nutrition Education Programs and Regional Food Banks throughout Oregon.

    "Both Extension and Oregon Food Bank share the goal to empower people to improve their health and life by combining nutrition education with access to nutritious foods," Hoisington said.

    "The collaboration between the OSU Extension Service and the Oregon Food Bank shows how two organizations with compatible missions can work together," Winder added. "Their combined efforts are definitely greater than what each could do independently."

    Story By: 

    Anne Hoisington, 503-282-0624

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    Beth Ray

    OSU Students Make “Green” Polymer from Biodiesel, Wine Products

    CORVALLIS, Ore. – A team of undergraduate engineering students at Oregon State University has discovered that blending byproducts from biodiesel production and winemaking produces an environmentally friendly polymer that could one day replace polystyrene foam meat trays in supermarkets.

    It may also be valuable in the manufacture of furniture, particle board, fire logs, insulation and even hair gel.

    The process is so unique and potentially marketable that the students have applied for a patent to protect their intellectual property, said David Hackleman, the Linus Pauling Chair at the OSU College of Engineering.

    “I’m delighted, but not totally surprised, that they can now add to their report the words ‘patent application pending,’” Hackleman said.

    Christen Glarborg, Patrick O’Connor, Heather Paris and Alana Warner-Tuhy – all seniors studying chemical engineering – delved into combining glycerin, a byproduct of biodiesel production, and tartaric acid, a byproduct of wine production.

    “When put together, those ingredients can make a hard, bubbly polymer,” Paris said.

    In the 1880s, the same material was used in the making of varnishes and paints.

    “It biodegrades in water,” said O’Connor. “Dr. Hackleman suggested we try to mold it into a tray, like to replace the foam trays under meat in the supermarket.”

    But their first experiments resulted in a rock-hard mess: Think of cooking taffy too long, so that it sticks so hard, you have to throw the pot away. The young researchers persevered until they produced a more manageable glue, which they decided to try mixing with other byproducts such as sawdust and woodchips.

    Voila! A material that was moldable, though somewhat tacky. So they popped it into an oven to see if it would firm up. It seemed they were possibly onto a particleboard for “green” building.

    “Then we found that at 600 degrees, our polymer vaporized,” Paris said. “So we thought, how about ash-free logs or pellets for heating?”

    While the students continued exploring possibilities, Hackleman knew enough about entrepreneurship to realize they should begin the process of protecting their intellectual property. He steered them to OSU’s Office of Technology Transfer, where their invention disclosure was brought to the stage of “patent pending.”

    The students are now focused on testing and refining the polymer for strength and biodegradability. While it is not yet clear whether or not the technology will make it to commercialization, “it’s certainly a boost for the students,” Hackleman said.

    The team won “Best Chemical Engineering Project” and was runner-up for “People’s Choice Award” at OSU’s eighth annual Engineering Expo in May. The team members displayed their research among more than 100 student design projects and product prototypes.

    “Producing biodiesel produces a lot of glycerin,” Hackleman said. "Now it seems that even the waste from green industries can be put to another good use – one that can help in the solution to a global problem.”


    David Hackleman,