OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

college of public health and human sciences

Moderate alcohol consumption may help prevent bone loss

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Drinking a moderate amount of alcohol as part of a healthy lifestyle may benefit women’s bone health, lowering their risk of developing osteoporosis.

A new study assessed the effects of alcohol withdrawal on bone turnover in postmenopausal women who drank one or two drinks per day several times a week. Researchers at Oregon State University measured a significant increase in blood markers of bone turnover in women after they stopped drinking for just two weeks.

Bones are in a constant state of remodeling with old bone being removed and replaced. In people with osteoporosis, more bone is lost than reformed resulting in porous, weak bones. About 80 percent of all people with osteoporosis are women, and postmenopausal women face an even greater risk because estrogen, a hormone that helps keep bone remodeling in balance, decreases after menopause.

Past studies have shown that moderate drinkers have a higher bone density than non-drinkers or heavy drinkers, but these studies have provided no explanation for the differences in bone density. Alcohol appears to behave similarly to estrogen in that it reduces bone turnover, the researchers said.

In the current study, published online today in the journal Menopause, researchers in OSU’s Skeletal Biology Laboratory studied 40 early postmenopausal women who regularly had one or two drinks a day, were not on any hormone replacement therapies, and had no history of osteoporosis-related fractures.

The researchers found evidence for increased bone turnover – a risk factor for osteoporotic fractures – during the two week period when the participants stopped drinking. Even more surprising: the researchers found that less than a day after the women resumed their normal drinking, their bone turnover rates returned to previous levels.

“Drinking moderately as part of a healthy lifestyle that includes a good diet and exercise may be beneficial for bone health, especially in postmenopausal women,” said Urszula Iwaniec, associate professor in the College of Public Health and Human Sciences at OSU and one of the study’s authors. “After less than 24 hours to see such a measurable effect was really unexpected.”

Iwaniec, OSU’s Skeletal Biology Laboratory director Russell Turner, and researcher Gianni Maddalozzo assisted OSU alumna Jill Marrone with the study, which was Marrone’s master’s thesis.

This study is important because it suggests a cellular mechanism for the increased bone density often observed in postmenopausal women who are moderate drinkers, Turner said.

The researchers said many of the medications to help prevent bone loss are not only expensive, but can have unwanted side effects. While excessive drinking has a negative impact on health, drinking a glass of wine or beer regularly as part of a healthy lifestyle may be helpful for postmenopausal women.

“Everyone loses bone as they age, but not everyone develops osteoporosis,” Turner said. “Being able to identify factors, such as moderate alcohol intake, that influence bone health will help people make informed lifestyle choices.”

The study was funded by grants from the National Institutes of Health and the John C. Erkkila, M.D. Endowment for Health and Human Performance.

Karin Hardin, Adam Branscum, Kenneth Philbrick and Lynn Cialdella-Kam of OSU co-authored the study, along with Anne Breggia and Clifford Rosen of the Maine Medical Center Research Institute.

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Urszula Iwaniec, 541-737-9925

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Urszula Iwaniec, associate professor in the College of Public Health and Human Sciences at OSU, pictured here with student Bailey Lindenmaier in the OSU Skeletal Biology Laboratory on campus.

Survey: Health care providers not checking for family food insecurity, barriers still exist

PORTLAND, Ore. – A survey of pediatric physicians and nurse practitioners in the Portland metro area shows that a majority are not regularly asking about household food practices, including nutritional quality or whether there is enough food in the home.

Oregon is one of the states ranked highest in “food insecurity,” or the proportion of households that have limited access to nutritionally adequate food on a regular basis. About 13.9 percent of households in Oregon are “food insecure” and Oregon also has one of the highest rates of childhood hunger.

The American Academy of Pediatrics has identified food security as one of the top health-related social issues that should be addressed in a pediatric visit. Yet, in a new study published online recently in the journal Preventive Medicine, only 13 percent of health care providers in the Portland area reported asking about household food sufficiency, and only 9 percent considered themselves knowledgeable about the prevalence of food insecurity in Oregon.

The study’s lead author, Anne Hoisington, an Oregon State University Extension specialist based at the Oregon Food Bank, said a positive aspect of the survey was that a large majority – almost 89 percent – of respondents said they would be willing to use a standardized screening question.

“A large percentage of our responding physicians and nurse practitioners were willing to engage, so I look at this as a huge opportunity that indicates that these providers want to learn more,” she said. “We already offer an online training class, and I’d like to see this taken a step further.”

The study showed that out of the 186 respondents, the health care providers who monitored food insecurity tended to be those with more years in practice.

Providers listed limited time available in the clinical visit as the main barrier to inquiring about the nutritional quality of their patients’ food. In contrast, however, the main barriers to inquiring about food sufficiency – whether everyone in the family has enough to eat – were discomfort in discussing food insecurity and inadequate knowledge about the topic.

“We found that the prospect of discussing food sufficiency seems to make some providers uncomfortable,” said Marc Braverman, a professor and Extension specialist in the College of Public Health and Human Sciences at OSU, who coauthored this study. “The topic is largely outside of their common practice, because food scarcity is perceived as a social problem rather than a medical problem, even though it has real and serious impacts on health.”

Hoisington, who is also a nutrition specialist in the College of Public Health and Human Sciences, said food scarcity taps into one of the most sensitive areas in parenting – a parent’s ability to care properly and provide resources for his or her child.

Ideally, Hoisington would like to develop a training video in collaboration with partners around Oregon that could be shared with pediatricians’ offices. The training video would help model how health providers could deal with this sensitive topic with an upset parent.

In addition, the researchers said doctors should have materials on hand about underutilized food assistance programs such as SNAP, so they can provide parents with resources.

Hoisington said since this survey was conducted several years ago, more than 2,000 Oregonians have gone through an online training course on food insecurity developed by OSU Extension. More than 10 percent of those were physicians, and most others are medical students, nurses, dieticians, and other health care providers.

The survey was a project of the Childhood Hunger Coalition, which includes OSU Extension, Oregon Food Bank, Oregon Health and Science University, the Oregon Health Authority’s WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) Program, Kaiser Permanente, and Partners for a Hunger-Free Oregon.

The next step is to conduct intervention studies, which are already in the works. Members of the Childhood Hunger Coalition are conducting pilot screenings and designing an intervention model in two clinics where doctors will screen patients on food insecurity.

 “With health care reform now a reality, I think there will be more focus on prevention,” Hoisington said. “Hopefully that will mean we will become more attentive to issues such as health care disparity, hunger, and food insecurity.”

Coauthors of this study included pediatrician Dr. Dana Hargunani and assistant professor Elizabeth Adams, both with OHSU, and Cheryl Alto with the Oregon WIC.

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Anne Hoisington, 503-282-0624

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Marc Braverman

Parents, not TV, may determine whether kids are active or couch potatoes

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed what we knew all along – children in this country are increasingly sedentary, spending too much time sitting and looking at electronic screens.

But it’s not necessarily because of the newest gee-whiz gadgets – parents play a major factor in whether young children are on the move.

In two studies out online today in a special issue of the journal Early Child Development and Care devoted to “Parental Influences of Childhood Obesity,” OSU researchers examined how parenting style – whether a strict but loving parent or a less-involved and more permissive parent – was associated with sedentary behavior.

Overall, they found that children who had “neglectful” parents, or ones who weren’t home often and self-reported spending less time with their kids, were getting 30 minutes more screen time on an average each week day.

More disturbing to lead author David Schary – all of the children ages 2 to 4 were sitting more than several hours per day.

“Across all parenting styles, we saw anywhere from four to five hours a day of sedentary activity,” he said. “This is waking hours not including naps or feeding. Some parents counted quiet play – sitting and coloring, working on a puzzle, etc. – as a positive activity, but this is an age where movement is essential.”

Schary, a doctoral student in the College of Public Health and Human Sciences at OSU, said parents were grouped into four commonly used scientific categories – authoritative (high warmth and control), authoritarian (controlling, less warm), permissive (warm, low control), and neglectful (low control and warmth).

While all the children in the sample of about 200 families were sitting four to five hours in a typical day, parents in the more neglectful category had children who were spending up to 30 additional minutes a day watching television, playing a video game or being engaged in some other form of “screen time.”

“A half an hour each day may not seem like much, but add that up over a week, then a month, and then a year and you have a big impact,” Schary said. “One child may be getting up to four hours more active play every week, and this sets the stage for the rest of their life.”

Some might wonder whether parents who were less participatory during the week days made up for it during the weekends. Actually, just the opposite happened. Sedentary time increased nearly one hour each weekend day.

Bradley Cardinal, a professor of social psychology of physical activity at OSU, co-authored both papers with Schary. Cardinal said sedentary behavior goes against the natural tendencies of most preschool-age children.

“Toddlers and preschool-age children are spontaneous movers, so it is natural for them to have bursts of activity many minutes per hour,” he said. “We find that when kids enter school, their levels of physical activity decrease and overall, it continues to decline throughout their life. Early life movement is imperative for establishing healthy, active lifestyle patterns, self-awareness, social acceptance, and even brain and cognitive development.”

In a separate study, Schary and Cardinal looked at the same group of participants and asked about ways parent support and promote active play. They found that parents who actively played with their kids had the most impact, but that any level of encouragement, even just watching their child play or driving them to an activity – made a difference.

“When children are very young, playing is the main thing they do during waking hours, so parental support and encouragement is crucial,” Schary said. “So when we see preschool children not going outside much and sitting while playing with a cell phone or watching TV, we need to help parents counteract that behavior.”

Paul Loprinzi, who completed his doctorate at OSU and is now at Bellarmine University in Kentucky, contributed to this study.

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Moore Family Center grand opening set for June 6

CORVALLIS, Ore. – The Moore Family Center for Whole Grain Foods, Nutrition and Preventive Health, a new research center at Oregon State University focused on healthy eating and whole foods, will celebrate its official opening on Wednesday, June 6.

The public reception will be from 2:15 to 3:30 p.m. at the Hallie E. Ford Center for Healthy Children and Families, at 26th and Campus Way on the OSU campus.

The event will honor Bob and Charlee Moore, founders of Bob’s Red Mill Natural Foods, whose $5 million gift made the new center possible.

Speaking at the event will be the new Moore Family Center director, Emily Ho, who is an associate professor of nutrition and a principal investigator in the Linus Pauling Institute at OSU. Tammy Bray, dean of the College of Public Health and Human Sciences, will also speak, along with OSU President Ed Ray. Bob and Charlee Moore will both be in attendance.

The academic center will build on the College of Public Health and Human Sciences’ research on nutrition, childhood obesity and related topics, and help promote healthy eating throughout Oregon and beyond.

“With a focus on whole foods, including whole grains, the center will be a catalyst in bringing together campus educators, researchers and those in community outreach to address our nation’s health in practical, concrete ways,” Ho said. “There is a huge gap between science and application, which our center is uniquely positioned to address.”

The gift provides endowments for the center’s director and an additional professor, along with two programmatic funds to support the center’s research and outreach, including a fund focused on childhood obesity.

This was the second largest gift OSU’s College of Public Health and Human Sciences has ever received. Its Hallie E. Ford Center for Healthy Children and Families was established in 2007 through an $8 million commitment from the late Oregon philanthropist.

Bob and Charlee Moore started their business in 1978 in an historic flour mill near Oregon City, with a mission to grind whole grains into flours, cereals and mixes for the local community and move people back to the basics with healthy whole grains, high-fiber and complex carbohydrates. Now based in Milwaukie, Ore., Bob's Red Mill has become a leading provider of whole grain natural foods with international distribution.

Guided by the university's strategic plan, The Campaign for OSU has raised more than $800 million toward its $1 billion goal.

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Michelle Williams, 541-737-6126

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Parenting Education Week May 20-26 casts spotlight on effective parenting

CORVALLIS, Ore. – National problems of childhood obesity and school readiness – and how effective parenting can play a role in overcoming these issues – is lending new urgency this year in Oregon to Parenting Education Week, which takes place May 20-26.

As a kickoff for the week, Gov. John Kitzhaber will sign a proclamation on Friday, May 11, in the Ceremonial Office at the Capitol.

Oregon State University’s Hallie E. Ford Center for Healthy Children and Families, which has taken a leadership role in parenting education in Oregon, will hold a series of events as part of Parenting Education Week. They include:

  • Monday, May 21, 3 p.m.: “Making the Link Between Parenting and Policy: Understanding the Impact of Parenting on Early Childhood Outcomes,” a presentation by Rebecca Parlakian of the Washington, D.C.-based Zero to Three.
  • Wednesday, May 23, 2 p.m.: A panel discussion on parenting education in Oregon
  • Friday, May 25, noon: “Measuring and Predicting Healthy Development in Young Children,” an analysis by Megan McClelland, associate professor in OSU’s College of Public Health and Human Sciences.

All presentations will take place at the Hallie Ford Center on campus and will be streamed live on the Web at: http://health.oregonstate.edu/hallie-ford/.

“Parenting skills are learned, and always have been,” said Denise Rennekamp, parenting education program coordinator for the Hallie Ford Center. “In the past perhaps those skills were gained from a family and extended community network. But today as people are more separated by distance, and parents have to work more, the ability to learn those skills and obtain that knowledge can be a struggle.”

Rennekamp says effective parenting education programs have been linked with decreased rates of child abuse and neglect, better physical, cognitive and emotional development in children, and increased parental knowledge of child development and parenting skills. A list of resources is available here: http://health.oregonstate.edu/hallie-ford/resources

Kathy Barber, a parenting education specialist with Pathways to Positive Parenting, an organization that offers parenting classes and workshops in Coos and Curry counties, said with limited resources and many demands, the skills and resources that researchers at the Hallie Ford Center offer have proven invaluable.

“OSU provides a solid foundation upon which to stand as we extend ourselves and dream big about what is possible to achieve for children and families,” she said. “It is a secure feeling to know that if there is a problem to be solved, or a need to be met regarding data, curricula, online reporting issues or conference content that I can get the help or resources I might need by calling any of the OSU team.”

Through the Oregon Parenting Education Collaborative, the Hallie Ford Center has taken a leadership role in evaluating the effectiveness of nonprofit programs that offer help to parents. The collaborative provides grants to nonprofit organizations to build systems, coordinate services, and provide programs for parenting education.

The collaborative is a partnership with The Ford Family Foundation, OSU, the Meyer Memorial Trust, The Collins Foundation and The Oregon Community Foundation.

Annual grants of $80,000 to $90,000 support regional parenting education “hubs.” The 12 hubs are in: Wallowa/Baker, Deschutes/Crook/Jefferson, Douglas, Linn/Benton, Hood River/Wasco and Coos/Curry, Columbia/Clatsop, Lincoln, Polk, Umatilla/Morrow, Lane and Siskiyou County, California. More information is available at: http://health.oregonstate.edu/hallie-ford/oregon-parenting-education-week/opec-hubs

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Denise Rennekamp, 541-737-1013

Annual student fashion show set for May 25

CORVALLIS, Ore. – The annual student-run fashion show featuring collections from juniors and seniors in Oregon State University’s professional apparel design program will take place Friday, May 25, beginning at 7 p.m. in the CH2M Hill Alumni Center on campus.

Presented by students in the Department of Design and Human Environment, the theme of this year’s show is “Cirque de la Mode,” which translates as Circus of Fashion. This show brings in representatives from the apparel industry from Portland and other local businesses.

The event is put on by Oregon State’s spring fashion show class which consists of 18 students, all of whom are either apparel design or merchandise management majors.

Doors open at 6:30 p.m. Tickets are $5 for standing room, $20 for general admission, $30 for preferred and $100 for V.I.P. For information, go to http://oregonstatefashionshow.com/

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Knee injuries in women linked to motion, nervous system differences

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Women are more prone to knee injuries than men, and the findings of a new study suggest this may involve more than just differences in muscular and skeletal structure – it shows that males and females also differ in the way they transmit the nerve impulses that control muscle force.

Scientists at Oregon State University found that men control nerve impulses similar to individuals trained for explosive muscle usage – like those of a sprinter – while the nerve impulses of women are more similar to those of an endurance-trained athlete, like a distance runner.

In particular, the research may help to explain why women tend to suffer ruptures more often than men in the anterior cruciate ligament of their knees during non-contact activities. These ACL injuries are fairly common, can be debilitating, and even when repaired can lead to osteoarthritis later in life.

More study of these differences in nervous system processing may lead to improved types of training that individuals could use to help address this issue, scientists said.

“It’s clear that women move differently than men, but it’s not as obvious why that is,” said Sam Johnson, a clinical assistant professor in the OSU School of Biological and Population Health Sciences.

“There are some muscular and skeletal differences between men and women, but that doesn’t explain differences in injury rates as much as you might think,” Johnson said. “No one has really studied the role of the nervous system the way we have in explaining these differences, specifically the way sensory information is processed and integrated with motor function in the spinal cord.”

In this study, just published in the European Journal of Applied Physiology, the scientists found that most aspects of spinal motor control and rapid activation of muscles were similar in 17 men and 17 women that were examined – with one exception. Men had a higher level of “recurrent inhibition,” which is a process in the spinal cord that helps select the appropriate muscle response.

Even a process as simple as walking is surprisingly complicated, as people process large amounts of information and use varying forces to move around obstacles, change direction or simply climb up a step. And when you slip on an icy patch, the need for extremely rapid and accurate muscle response might be all that stands between you and a broken hip.

For some reason, women tend to have knee motions that make them more susceptible to injury. Among other things, when landing from a jump their knees tend to collapse inward more than that of most men. They suffer significantly more ACL injuries during physical activity.

“We’re finding differences in nervous system processing that we believe are related to this,” Johnson said. “The causes for those differences are unclear, but it may be due either to a biological difference, such as hormones, or a cultural difference such as different exercise and training patterns.”

This research was supported by the National Athletic Trainers’ Association Research and Education Foundation. Researchers at Marquette University collaborated on the work.

While researchers continue to study what might help address this, Johnson said it’s already possible for women to be more aware of these common differences and do exercises that should reduce problems.

Many ACL injury prevention programs incorporate strength, balance, flexibility, and jump training. However, based on these and other findings, women – especially athletes – should consider training with motions more similar to those of their sport, such as squatting, lunging, jumping or cutting side-to-side.

Use of heavy weights may not really be necessary, Johnson said, so much as mimicking the motions that often cause this injury.

The study this story is based on is available online: http://bit.ly/Ius3gv

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Sam Johnson, 541-737-6801

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Study: Women lack exercise; at risk of developing metabolic syndrome

CORVALLIS, Ore. – A national study shows that women are less likely than men to get at least 30 minutes of exercise per day, resulting in greater odds of developing metabolic syndrome – a risky and increasingly prevalent condition related to obesity.

Metabolic syndrome is a name for a group of risk factors – including high cholesterol, high blood pressure and extra weight around the middle part of the body – which occur together and increase the risk for coronary disease, stroke, and Type 2 diabetes. The researchers initially were interested in the correlation between physical activity, depression and metabolic syndrome, and ended up finding a gender difference.

The study, now online in the journal Preventive Medicine, was conducted at Oregon State University by Paul Loprinzi and Bradley Cardinal, professor of social psychology of physical activity at OSU. Loprinzi is now an assistant professor of exercise science at Bellarmine University. He conducted the research when he was a student in Cardinal’s lab at OSU.

“The results indicate that regular physical activity participation was associated with positive health outcomes for both men and women; however, there was a greater strength of association for women,” Loprinzi said.

Looking at more than 1,000 men and women from a nationally represented sample, the researchers found that women were getting only about 18 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous exercise daily, compared to men who, on average, were getting 30 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous exercise daily.

“Those who get at least 30 minutes of exercise a day are less likely to be depressed, less likely to have high cholesterol and less likely to have metabolic syndrome,” Loprinzi said.

Loprinzi and Cardinal’s study is unique in part because it is the first to use an “objective” measure of physical activity – in this case participants were outfitted with accelerometers that measured daily activity. In their study, slightly more than one in three women had metabolic syndrome, and one in five had symptoms of depression.

“It’s pretty striking what happens to you if you don’t meet that 30 minutes a day of activity,” Cardinal said. “Women in our sample had better health behavior – they were much less likely to smoke for instance, but the lack of activity still puts them at risk.”

Cardinal said depression puts people at more risk of abdominal fat and insulin resistance, and both are risk factors for metabolic syndrome.

“Physical activity has been shown to reduce depression,” he said. “So the key message here is to get that 30 minutes of exercise every day because it reduces a great deal of risk factors.”

While their study does not address why women were not getting enough exercise, the authors said research shows that physical activity patterns often begin in childhood.

“Research has shown that around ages 5 or 6 these patterns begin,” Cardinal said. “Parents tend to be more concerned with the safety of girls, and have more restrictive practices around outdoor time and playtime than with boys.”

Loprinzi said this pattern tends to continue into adulthood, and that overall confidence may be a factor.

“Some evidence indicates that women, compared to men, have less confidence in their ability to overcome their exercise-related barriers,” Loprinzi said, adding that women also often cite a lack of time to exercise due to child-rearing.

The researchers have a study coming out that may help those time-challenged women. Loprinzi said he and Cardinal found that adults can still enhance their health by accumulating physical activity in short periods throughout the day, such as taking the stairs instead of the elevator or pacing while talking on the phone.

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Brad Cardinal, 541-737-2506

OSU doctoral student uses Titanic phenomenon to study importance of dress

CORVALLIS, Ore. – A new generation is discovering the history of the Titanic because of the centennial anniversary of the event this April 14-15, the recent release of a 3-D version of a popular film, and museums and exhibits around the country.

People’s appreciation of the history and culture of the sinking of the famous ship can be enhanced through visual representations of the costumes, according to an Oregon State University doctoral student whose dissertation is on the role of dress in the Titanic.

“The ship itself is the icon,” said Genna Reeves-DeArmond, whose studies focus on historic and cultural dress. “But the attraction goes beyond the sinking; it is more than the ship’s demise. The Titanic is representative of a historical moment and clothing is a tangible marker of that moment. The clothes that the passengers wore add a rich layer to the historical knowledge and provide cultural context for museum visitors.”

“The clothing personalizes the history,” she added, “because people today can relate to it. It is a common thread between people of today and a hundred years ago, even though styles have changed.”

In her studies, Reeves-DeArmond is exploring the display of dress artifacts and costumes in Titanic museum exhibits, in the popular film by James Cameron, and in other representations. A self-described “Titaniac,” she became interested in the history of the ship as a young girl, and then fascinated as an eighth-grader in 1997 when Cameron’s “Titanic” came out and would go on to sweep most of the major Academy Awards the following year.

Whether on film or in museums, the role of dress and costumes is important in how people learn about the event, the OSU grad student notes. She has traveled to Titanic museum exhibits in Branson, Mo., Las Vegas, Pigeon Forge, Tenn., and Orlando, Fla., to study the displays and how people interact with them.

“Through both observations and interviews, it is apparent that people identify with passengers that may be closest to them in terms of social status or occupation,” Reeves-DeArmond said. “And that connection is often made by the clothes the passengers wore. The first-class passengers dressed much differently than the third-class passengers.

“Clothing frequently reveals a lot about a particular time in history,” added Reeves-DeArmond, whose studies are based in Oregon State’s Department of Design and Human Environment. “Class differences obviously still exist, but they were much more evident from clothing then. And clothes can reveal other facets of cultural history, such as the length of a dress and the women’s movement.”

One little-known historical tidbit, Reeves-DeArmond said, is that one of the fashion designers responsible for ridding the corset from women’s wear – “Lucile” Lady Duff Gordon – was aboard the Titanic.

The actual history of the Titanic may be forever mingled with its depiction in print and on film, and for her study Reeves-DeArmond has interviewed museum visitors ranging in age from 20 to 84, some who have seen the film and others who have not. One facet of her dissertation is to explore how viewing “Titanic” contributes to the museum experience.

It can confuse some visitors to museums and exhibits, Reeves-DeArmond pointed out. Cameron’s film, for example, focuses on the love story between Jack (Leonardo DiCaprio) and Rose (Kate Winslet), who were fictional characters, but were based on composites of several real passengers.

“They were representative of different classes and that was reflected in their clothing,” Reeves-DeArmond said. “James Cameron’s attention to detail was incredible. But likewise, many of the museums and exhibits have clothing and artifacts that really bring the history alive. The museum in Las Vegas has a pair of men’s pants and shoes that survived under the ocean for decades.”

Films, museums and exhibits increasingly are how many people foster an appreciation of science and history, and Oregon State is a leader in the understanding of this phenomenon, called “free-choice learning.” Reeves-DeArmond says the concept could be enhanced even more if curators of the displays would incorporate more of the clothing, even if it is a replica.

“Clothing is often overlooked in these exhibits,” she said. “One of the Titanic museums I visited had a Marconi replica room, and while it was neat to see the equipment, several visitors told me they would have liked to have seen a uniform – to connect with the person who may have been working in there.”

“Dress is a visual language,” she added, “and it is particularly important in the context of the Titanic. It helps take you back 100 years and visualize the people who survived or perished.”

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Genna Reeves-DeArmond, 575-571-1671

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Titanic museum at Pigeon Forge, Tenn.

Oregon Dance presents annual concert on April 20 and 21

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Oregon Dance, a performance group from Oregon State University, will present its annual spring concert on Friday and Saturday, April 20-21, at the Corvallis High School Theater.

Carol Soleau, an associate professor of dance at OSU and the founder and director of Oregon Dance, has created imaginative modern dance works, which includes a performance by her Jazz III class performing a dance to the music of Radiohead. Soleau just celebrated 35 years teaching dance at OSU.

“Java Jitters,” a solo dance performed by OSU student Maryam Baghdadi, is an interpretation of the college experience.

Also on tap is Soleau's “Kinetic Color,” which was originally commissioned by the da Vinci Days festival in 1991. The set consists of three “climbing” walls that mysteriously come to life. Soleau has also received permission to reset "Isle,” a piece originally created in 1984. This duet is set to the music of Henry Purcell and was choreographed by her brother William Soleau. It has been in the repertoire of many national dance companies, and performed in more than 30 countries.

Guest artists for this performance include the Corvallis Academy of Dance and Swathi Subramanian, an Indian classical performer who has performed internationally.

Corvallis High School Theater is at 1400 N.W. Buchanan Ave., Corvallis.

Tickets are $12, $8 for college students and seniors and $6 for elementary through high school students. Tickets are available online and at the door. For online ticketing go to http://www.corvallistheaters.com

The concert is sponsored by the OSU School of Biological and Population Sciences, College of Public Health and Human Sciences, OSU Foundation, and the Alonzo and Jennie Bonsal Foundation.

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Carol Soleau, 541-737-5930

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“Java Jitters,” a solo dance performed by OSU student Maryam Baghdadi, is her interpretation of the college experience. She will perform at Oregon Dance's annual spring concert April 20-21 in Corvallis.