skip page navigationOregon State University
Alphabetical List of Tree Common Names Alphabetical List of Tree Scientific Names Identification Key Mystery Tree

home > Douglas-fir genus > douglas-fir species

Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)

(click on each photo to enlarge image)
  • Needles: About 1" long with a blunt tip. Needles are green above with 2 white bands underneath.

  • Fruit: Woody cones 2 to 4 inches long; pitchfork-shaped bracts are longer than scales. Cones hang down.

  • Twig: Large pointed buds with reddish-brown, overlapping scales.

  • Distribution: Abundant in western North America from British Columbia to Mexico. Grows at sea level along the coast to 7000 ft. (2200 m) in the Cascades and Sierras, and to 11,000 ft. (3400 m) in the southern Rockies.


For more information about this species, see "Trees to Know in Oregon".


trees by common name trees by scientific name dichotomous key mystery tree

website authors order a book "Trees to Know" more informational sites contact us