Size: Grows to 100' tall and 6' in diameter.
Leaves: Simple, alternate,
evergreen. Oblong; 3"-5" long. thick
and leathery; dark green above and light green below. Edges smooth
or finely serrated.
Fruit: Small (pea sized), round, orange-red, berry-like
a pebbly texture.
Twigs: Stout; smooth; may be green , orange, or reddish-brown.
Bark: Flakes off in scales or strips; outer bark is orange or reddish-brown;
inner bark may be bright green.
Distribution: found along the western
parts of California up into Canada and in the northern parts of Idaho