Size: Grows to 150' tall and 6' in diameter. Grows as a shrub at high
Leaves: Simple, alternate, evergreen.
Lanceolate; 2"-5" long;
stiff and leathery; green above and golden below; smooth margins.
Fruit: Sharp, spiny burr with 1-2 triangular nuts.
Twigs: Yellow, star-shaped
Bark: Deeply furrowed and ridged; 1"-2" thick.
Distribution: Grows over most of western Oregon below 5,000 feet and at scattered
points on the east slopes of the Cascades; it
also grows throughout California.