- Branches often have sharp, woody thorns.
- Small, colorful, apple-like fruits.
- Leaves are small, simple, alternate,
and deciduous, with serrated edges (often lobed).
- Leaves commonly have a leafy flange along their stalk.
- May grow as a small tree or shrubs in dense stands.
Hawthorn is a large and diverse group of trees. Literally hundreds of different
species and varieties have been developed for ornamental planting. Perhaps
the most distinctive features of hawthorns are sharp woody thorns and small,
colorful, apple-like fruits. Hawthorns are commonly planted because of their
beautiful flower clusters and their colorful fruit.
Two species of hawthorn are native to Oregon, although others have been
distributed far-and-wide by birds and humans. The two Oregon natives
are relatively easy
to tell from one another when they have fruit, but may be difficult at
black hawthorn: tree or shrub; black fruit; thorns usually shorter than
Columbia hawthorn: only grows as a shrub; red fruit; thorns usually
longer than 1" (will not be described further).
more information on the cherries and plums native to the Pacific Northwest,
go to the species page
or see "Trees to
Know in Oregon".