(Dec. 4, 2012) A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. Concussions can also occur from a fall or a blow to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth.
Health care professionals may describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, their effects can be serious.
Signs and symptoms of concussion usually fall into four categories:
Fuzzy or slow
Can’t recall new information
Dizziness or poor balance
Cannot fall asleep
Cannot stay asleep
Sleeping too much
Most people with a concussion recover quickly and fully. But for some people, symptoms can last for days, weeks, or longer. Those who have had a concussion in the past are also at risk of having another one and may find that it takes longer to recover if they have another concussion.
If you think you have a concussion:
Make an appointment to see a clinician at Student Health by calling 541-737-9355.
Get rest. An injured brain requires time off from physical, mental and visual exertion (this includes minimizing use of computers, TV or movie screens).
How to prevent concussion or worse brain injury:
Drink responsibly. Alcohol intoxication causes almost half of the concussions seen at Student Health Services.
Tell your coach and get cleared by a clinician before returning to any activities. Nearly half of the concussions seen at Student Health are due to sport or recreation activities.
SOURCE: OSU Student Health Services and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention