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Synonyms:integrated pest management
The goal of IPM is to manage pest damage by the most economical means, with the least possible hazard to people, property and the environment. IPM is a continuum of common-sense practices grounded in knowledge about pest life cycles and environmental interactions. It takes advantage of all appropriate pest management options, including the judicious use of both natural and synthetic pesticides. In contrast, organic production applies many of the same concepts as IPM but limits the use of pesticides to natural chemicals.
Carefully designed integrated pest management systems are likely the best strategy for minimizing environmental impact of agriculture: where certified organic systems may reject the technology with the smallest environmental impact based on ideology, IPM maintains the flexibility to incorporate any strategy empirically determined to have the smallest impact. ~Bahlai et al.