OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

International Bacterial Systematics: A Brief History of Systematics and its Application to Marine Bacterioplankton Systematics

TitleInternational Bacterial Systematics: A Brief History of Systematics and its Application to Marine Bacterioplankton Systematics
Publication TypeThesis
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsMcGregor, Jessina
Academic DepartmentMicrobiology
Thesis AdvisorGiovannoni, Stephen
DegreeHonors Bachelors of Arts in international Studies in Microbiology
Number of Pages30
Date Published06/2001
UniversityOregon State University
CityCorvallis
Thesis TypeUndergraduate
Keywordsbacteria, Bacterial systematic, Microbiology, scientific name, systematic
Abstract

Bacterial systematic, the science of the classification of bacteria, is an evolving field that is greatly influenced by the technologies available to researchers in the field of bacteriology. This, to understand the field of systematic, it is important to understand its history as well as relevant history of early bacteriology. From the time that bacteria were first observed in the 17th century until the 20th century, bacterial nomenclature was quite colloquial in nature. Following early taxonomical efforts in the late 19th century, the creation of the International Committee on Nomenclature of Bacteria formalized the field of Bacterial Systematics by creating the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. It was designed to provide regulations and recommendations for the nomenclature of bacteria. Marine bacteria provide a unique challenge within the field of systematic because most of the numerically dominant species fall within the category of uncultured organisms. Despite the fact that many species have been identified as novel via phylogenetic analysis alone, a scientific name cannot be assigned to a novel taxon without providing phenotypic information as well.