Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite: French Algerian relations in a Post Colonial context

TitleLiberte, Egalite, Fraternite: French Algerian relations in a Post Colonial context
Publication TypeThesis
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsSutton, Alex
Academic DepartmentSociology
Thesis AdvisorPlaza, Dr. Dwaine
DegreeBachelor of Arts in International Studies in Sociology
Number of Pages47
Date Published12/2000
UniversityOregon State University
Thesis TypeUndergraduate
Keywordsdiscrimination, France, immigration, North Africa, racism

This paper studies the origins of racism and discrimination in France against
citizens of North African origin. Data for the paper was collected during the 1998-1999
academic year in Lyon, France and consisted of qualitative interviews given to select
people, official French census data, and a review of past studies and literature. It was
found that there exist two different coexistent realities in France; one "ideal" reality
created by government and political policy that asserts that the nature of the French
culture is one of assimilation and equality for everyone, and the "real" reality, defined
by the attitudes and behaviors of the French citizens themselves suggesting that there is
a substantial amount of institutional and systematic discrimination in France. The
reason for the discrepancy in the "realities" is the ineffective efforts by the French
government to influence the French, native-born population to accept the desired images
of legitimate French citizenship to the non-native born or second generation immigrant
born work force. French resentment towards the immigrant work force is explained by
Split Labor Market Theory, which describes anti-immigrant hostility as a consequence
of the economic competition between the dominant white native born and the immigrant
working class.