A Recipe for Sustainable Drink: Comparative Analysis of Clean Water Practices in North Africa

TitleA Recipe for Sustainable Drink: Comparative Analysis of Clean Water Practices in North Africa
Publication TypeThesis
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsMeyer, Jennifer L.
Academic DepartmentPolitical Science
Thesis AdvisorClark, Doug
DegreeBachelor of Arts in International Studies in Political Science
Number of Pages44
Date Published03/2010
UniversityOregon State University
Thesis TypeUndergraduate
Keywordscomparison, Egyptian, Tunisian, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, water management, water rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights establishes the right to clean water, entitling
everyone to "sufficient, safe, acceptable, physically accessible and affordable water for
personal and domestic uses". This rationale is the inspiration for comparing the effects of clean
water strategies. A comparison between Tunisian and Egyptian approaches will evaluate best
practices for providing sustainable clean water services to growing urban and rural populations.
There is a global effort to monitor a country's self-help capabilities; and the international
attention given to sustainable development motivates state commitments to this issue.
Identifying the competence of current water policies will address modifications needed to
improve clean water management strategies. To provide a more comprehensive examination
of resources and the different sustainable water practices available in the North African region,
some information will be included on neighboring states.
Natural resources are manipulated as a tool to gain economic advantages, political
leverage, and or exploited. Water management is a vital issue in countries with ecosystems
akin to Tunisia and Egypt. A lack of certain resources can be a source of tension, therefore
reshaping policies to promote sustainable action is imperative. The Millennium Development
Goals in conjunction with the objectives of Earth Summit will provide insight into current
sustainable approaches as well as recommend useful resources.
The review will identify international goals for sustainable development, then Tunisian
and Egyptian statistics in how relevant water issues in North Africa can be addressed in a
sustainable manner that can improve state relationships. The findings of my research
emphasize the impact of clean water on urban and rural populations, and the most successful
water management techniques in the region. The conclusion then highlights the recipe for
developing sustainable water management in North Africa. This recipe includes the best ways
to monitor progress and why decentralized water management is successful in delivering
potable water.