Integration of the Disciplines
Ten Methodologies for Integration
To the young mind everything is individual, stands by itself. By and by, it finds how to join two things and see in them one nature; then three, then three thousand...discovering roots running underground whereby contrary and remote things cohere and flower out from one stem...

The astronomer discovers that geometry, a pure abstraction of the human mind, is the measure of planetary motion. The chemist finds proportions and intelligible method throughout matter, and science is nothing but the finding of analogy, identy, in the most remote parts.

                                             ---Emerson

Methodologies for Integration

Integration can take many forms. In order to better understand the forms that integration may take, it is necessary to gain a solid foundation in the design of various integrated curriculum.

Fogarty (1991) describes three basic forms of integrating the curriculum. Contained within these three forms are ten methodologies. This area of the course describes these three forms and ten methodologies.


Form One: Within a Single Discipline

Fragmented

Connected

Nested


Form Two: Across the Disciplines

Sequenced

Shared

Webbed

Threaded

Integrated


Form Three: Within and Across Learners

Immersed

Networked

Adapted from the original work of Robin Fogarty [Fogarty, R. (1991). Ten ways to integrate curriculum. Educational Leadership. 49(2), pp61-65.


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Dr. Mark L. Merickel
V3.0
© Copyright 1998
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School of Education
Oregon State University
Corvallis, OR 97331-3502