Study Guide for Sociology 437/537 Final Exam
12:00- 2:00 pm March 17, 2003

For each chapter we have covered in Sociology 437/537 I have selected out the most important areas for the final exam. Using Marger's book, Anderson & Collins book, class handouts, presentation materials, interviews, or any videos that we have seen you should be able to define and cite an example for each concept or issue in this study guide. The final exam will consist of: (10) short answer questions; (30) multiple choice questions; (5) true/ false questions and two essay questions. NOTE: The final exam will be comprised of only the items listed below and specific content from the readings assigned in the Anderson and Collins book. You will need to bring 1 blue exam booklet for the final exam. You will also be allowed to bring in one SINGLE sided “cheat” sheet (8 ½ by 11 inch) to the exam. This sheet can have whatever information you chose to put on it. No photocopied “cheat” sheets will be allowed.

Chapter 1. Basic Concept Definitions

Ethnocentrism (what is this?)

What are the 5 characteristics of ethnic an group.

Assimilation (what is this?)

Pluralism (what is this?)

Self-fulfilling prophecy (what is this?)

Racism (what is this?)

What are the assumptions of "Race" as a biological notion?

Race verses Ethnicity what are the differences between the two terms?

Hegemony (be able to define and provide an example)

Class Reproduction (what is this?)

What are the functions of Racism

What is the historical development of Racism—describe in brief the major events which occurred.

Chapter 2. Power and Inequality: Concepts and Definitions

Stratification (be able to define what this means in society)

Dominant group (who are they—does a group need to be numerically large to be the dominant group?)

Power and stratification. What is the relationship between these two phenomenon.

Differential treatment (4 factors which determine this treatment in society)

Types of minorities (Gender, Sexual Orientation, Social Class, Ethnic, Racial) be able to explain the differences between each type

What were the 4 forms of contact? Conquest, Annexation, Voluntary Immigration, Involuntary Immigration. Be able to explain the difference between each type

Social Capital (be able to define and provide an example)

Cultural Capital (be able to define and provide an example)

Ethnic stratification (what is this?)

Ethnocentricism (what is this?)

Control of Immigration (what is this and who controls it)

Social Mobility (what is this?)

Scape goat (be able to define and provide an example)

Caste system (be able to define and provide an example)

Pluralistic Minorities (be able to define and provide an example)

Assimilationist Minorities (be able to define and provide an example)

Sucessionist Minorities (be able to define and provide an example)

Militant Minorities (be able to define and provide an example)

What is the relationship between Class and Ethnicity

Chapter 3. Prejudice and Discrimination :Concepts and Definitions

Stereotypes (be able to define and provide an example)

Prejudice (be able to define and provide an example)

What are the four levels of prejudice: categorical or generalized thoughts, inflexible, negative, stereotypes. (Be able to define and provide an example).

Three types of discrimination: individual/ institutional/ structural. (Be able to define and provide an example).

Split labor market theory (be able to define and provide an example)

Social Distance (Bogardus) (what is this?)

Socialization (Be able to define and provide an example).

Discrimination (Be able to define and provide an example).

Power Conflict Theories of Discrimination

Socialization Theories of Discrimination

Chapter 4. Assimilation and Pluralism: Concepts and Definitions

Dimensions of Assimilation (Cultural, Structural, Biological, Psychological). (Be able to define and provide an example).

Robert Parks theory of Race Relations (what is this?)

Factors Affecting Assimilation (5) (Be able to define and provide an example)

Pluralism (Be able to define and provide an example).

Equalitarian Pluralism (Be able to define and provide an example).

Cultural Pluralism (Be able to define and provide an example).

Corporate Pluralism (Be able to define and provide an example).

Inequalitarian Pluralism (Be able to define and provide an example).

Annihilation or Expulsion (what is this?)

Internal colonialism (what is this?)

Colonial societies (what are the characteristics and provide an example)

Assimilations Societies (what are the characteristics and provide an example)

Chapter 5. Native Americans: Concepts and Definitions

Anglo-dominance how did it emerge?

3 Ideas about how ethnic differences would disappear? Melting Pot theory, Cultural Pluralism theory, Anglo-Conformity

American Ethnic Hierarchy today? Top range, intermediate range, bottom range? (what are the characteristics and provide an example)

Conquest and Settlement

Indian "Problem" 3 aspects

Indian Removal Act of 1830

Trail of Tears (what is this?)

Stereotyping of Native Americans (what are the characteristics and provide an example)

Government Policy towards the Native population

Red Power Movement (what is this?)

Structural assimilation of Native People

Chapter 8. African Americans: Concepts and Definitions

Why were Africans selected as slaves?

Master Slave Relations (characterized)

Jim Crow Era (what were the characteristics of this period)

How were African Americans disenfranchised

Northern migration (how/why did this take place?)

Civil Rights period (Non-violent protest). (What were the characteristics of this period)

Brown verses Board of Education of Topeka (what was this judgment)

Class and "race" being important

Black Power Movement. (What were the characteristics of this period)

African American Political Power Achievements

5 Ways that residential segregation is maintained in the United States

African Americans and cultural assimilation and structural assimilation

Chapter 9 Hispanic Americans: Concepts and Definitions

In between Group (Why is this group considered to be in between?)

Three main groups which make up Hispanic Americans (characteristics)

Hispanic-American Demographics (what parts of the country are the various groups concentrated?)

Chicanismo (What is this?)

Mestizo (what is this?)

Police Relations (What have been the difficulties?)

Hispanic Political Power

Patterns of Assimilation

Residential Segregation

Difficulties encountered by Puerto Ricans (What are these difficulties? Why do they take place?)

Partial Minorities (Why has the group been considered partial minorities?)

Cultural Assimilation (What are the factors which give Hispanic Americans a lower rate of cultural assimilation than other groups? 3 factors)

Cubans as a special case (why is this so?) (What makes the group special?)

Chapter 10 Asian Americans: Concepts and Definitions

Chinese Exclusion Act (what is this?)

The Oriental Exclusion Act (what is this?)

Middle man minority (what is this?)

Problems of being part of the model minority

Contemporary forms of prejudice and discrimination against Asian Americans

Japanese Internment (what is this?)

Yellow Peril (what is this?)

Vincent Chin (Who was this?)

Discuss how old Asian immigration is different from new Asian immigration?

Asian Americans and political power

Glass ceiling discrimination experienced

Glass Escalator (what is this?)

Race, Class and Conflict—Anderson and Collins

From the following articles, know their content and be prepared to write a short paragraph on each explaining the authors main thesis.

Race Matters - Cornel West (12)

A Different Mirror - Ronald Takaki (6)

Race, Class, Gender and Women's Work- Teresa Amott (26)

The Gender of Sexuality -- Pepper Schwartz (53)

Racist Stereotyping in the English Language- Robert Moore (36)

White Privilege Male Privilege- Peggy McIntosh (8)

A New Poltics of Sexuality -- June Jordan (54)

Optional Ethnicities - Mary Waters (49)

Is this a White Country or What?-- Lillian Rubin (47)

The Silenced Majority- Barbara Ehrenreich (16)

Moving up with Kin and Community- Higginbotham (18)

Wealth Matters- Dalton Conley (14)

Media Magic: Making Class Invisible- Greogory Mantsios (37)

Masculinities and Athletic Careers- Michael Messner (39)

The Gender of Sexuality- Pepper Schwartz (53)

The Beauty Myth- Naomi Wolf (56)

More Power than we want- Bruce Kokopeli (60)

Angry Women are Building- Paula Gunn Allen (4)

The First Americans- Matthew Snipp (42)

Crimes Against Humanity- Ward Churchill (50)

The Plight of Black Men- Michael Dyson (17)

The Harm that has no Street Name- Deirdre Davis (59)

The Police and the Black Male- Elijah Anderson (61)

Football Players as Migrant Workers-- Billy Hawkins-- Emailed reading

Seeing More than Black & White-- Elizabeth Martinez (10)

The Latino Population- Joan Moore (28)

The Myth of the Latin Woman- Judith Ortiz Cofer (38)

Migration and Vietnamese- Nazil Kirbria (35)

The Gap between Striving and Achieving - Deborah Woo (27)

Korean Americans- Sumi Cho (62)

Essay Questions

You will be given two of these five essay questions to complete for the final exam. I suggest that you prepare model answers for the five questions in preparation. Write down the main points of your model answers and then come to the exam prepared to write on any one of them. In constructing your answers I expected that you will provide examples from course readings, group presentations, videos, discussions in class and lecture notes. Your essays will be marked on content, how well you link the ideas to highlight the macro picture, evidence of critical thinking, and organization. Do not simply make your argument in point form, I expect an essay style answer.

(A) Discuss the Covert and Overt ways "RACE" continues to be a socially constructed category in the United States? What have been some of the long term negative effects of the continued belief in biological determinism in the United States? Draw on as many concepts and themes from Marger's book, Anderson & Collins book, videos, presentations, and class discussions as you can in order to answer this question.

(B) We have seen a number of videos this quarter: "Cultural Criticism and Transformation"- bell hooks; "Ethnic Notions"; "Viva La Casa"; "Native Americans in Film"; "Off the Straight and Narrows"; "War Zone" ;"Hate.com"; “People like US-Belonging"; and "Slaying the Dragon". Choose any two video's and compare the content with that of the theoretical materials highlighted in the lectures, Marger's book, Anderson & Collins book, class presentations or interview findings. Provide specific content examples from each video to make your points.

(C) We have examined four visible ethnic groups during this quarter: Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanic Americans and Asian Americans. Select one of these groups and compare their circumstance to the dominant White-Euro- American group in the United States. Use concepts and themes highlighted in the class presentations, lectures, Marger's book, Anderson & Collins book, and videos to make this comparison.

(D) Using Marger's theoretical framework and the interviews that you did, discuss the complex intersection between "race", "gender", social class, age, ethnicity, physical appearance, sexual orientation, social capital, cultural capital and personality as factors which often affect how an individual is treated and how they are placed on the stratification hierarchy in the United States. How might these ascribed and achieved factors influence the individual(s) own consciousness about these issues. For examples you can draw on materials from your interviews, video's or issues that were discussed in class.

(E) Using Anderson and Collins anthology: Race Class and Gender, how does Peggy McIntosh define White privilege? Create a list of the privileges you experience based on your "race", age, social class, ethnicity,"gender", physical appearance, or sexual identity. Explain each one as it relates to your everyday life and how it relates to others. Was it difficult for you to identity your privileges? Why do you think this is the case for you and others like you in society? Why do you think people deny their privileges in American society? Can you identity the positive and negative aspects of your privileges? Overall what can you conclude about the invisible knapsack of privileges that you carry around in society today?