Historical Timeline continued


1801  John Marshall appointed as Chief Justice of the U. S.
Supreme Court

1801  First stone building in Northwest Territory is Ohio
capitol, Chillicothe

1801  Tripolitan War begins; ends in 1805 with USMC on the shores
of Tripoli

1802  Treaty of Amiens, in March

1803  Louisiana Purchased April 30.  Lewis & Clark to begin

1803  Ohio enters the Union.  Paperwork completed 1953

1803  Atomic theory first published

1804  Ohio University at Athens is first institute of higher
learning in NWT  

1804  12th Amendment changes Presidential election rules

1804  Osceola born in Tallassee village in Alabama; will lead 2nd
Seminole War

1804  Vice President Aaron Burr kills Alexander Hamilton in duel
July 11

1804  Pierce, 14th President, born; dies 1869                     

1805  Lewis & Clark discover mouth of Columbia River, just in
time, on Nov 7

1807  Robert Fulton, in "Clermont", steams up Hudson River to
Albany, Aug 17

1807  Congress outlaws importing slaves from Africa, March 2

1807  Treaty of Detroit; Wyandot Indians lose most of their real

1807  Embargo Act, Dec 22, forbids American ships to leave
American waters

1808  Andrew Johnson, 17th President, born; dies 1875

1808  Slave importation outlawed.  Yet, another 1/4 million
brought in by 1860

1809  Abraham Lincoln, 16th President, born in Kentucky February
12; dies 1865

1809  Non-Intercourse Act, Mar 1, repeals the Embargo Act, which
didn't work

1810  Census counts 7,239,881 persons in United States

1811  Madison allows 20-year charter of Bank of the United States
to lapse

1811  Wm. H. Harrison fights Indians at Tippecanoe, near
Indianapolis, Nov 7

1811  New Madrid, MO earthquake Dec 16; forecast months before by

1812  War declared on England June 18, days after England
repealed the cause

1812  John O'Mic hanged on Cleveland Public Square for killing 2
fur trappers

1812  Russians build Fort Rossiia (Ross) 90 miles north of San

1813  Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry "meets" British in Lake Erie
Sept 10

1813  Tecumseh defeated in battle near Detroit, in Thames,

1814  City of Washington captured and burned by British, August

1814  Francis Scott Key observes flag over Fort McHenry at
Baltimore, Sept 14

1814  Treaty of Ghent ends War of 1812 on December 24, but
fighting goes on

1815  Andrew Jackson defeats British at New Orleans Jan 8, after
war ends

1815  USS Constitution defeats two British ships off African
coast 20 Feb

1815  Napolean meets his "Waterloo" on June 18

1815  Village of Cleaveland officially incorporated in Ohio

1816  Capitol of Ohio moves to Columbus

1816  Second Bank of the United States chartered, Apr 10

1817  Work begins on Erie Canal

1817  First American school for the deaf, Hartford, CT, Apr 14

1817  Secretary of State Rush and British Minister Bagot agree on
Great Lakes 

1818  Congress fixes stripes in flag at 13 to honor original
colonies, Apr 4

1818  Anglo-American Convention fixes 49th parallel as border
with Canada

1819  SS Savanah makes transatlantic crossing under steam
propulsion, a first 

1819  Florida ceded by Spain to the United States, Feb 22

1819  Treaty of Saginaw; Indians give up one sixth of Michigan

1820  Missouri Compromise forbids slavery above 36 degrees 30
minutes latitude

1820  Federalist Party dissolves; without opposition, Jefferson
Dems disband

1822  Grant, 18th President, born in Ohio; dies 1885

1822  Hayes, 19th President, born in Ohio; dies 1893

1823  Monroe Doctrine given to Congress December 2

1824  House of Representatives elects John Q. Adams president

1825  Erie Canal completed

1826  Jefferson, then Adams, die on 50th anniversary of
Declaration, July 4

1827  Ohio Canal opened for business

1828  Noah Webster publishes "American Dictionary of English
Language", Apr 14

1828  George Worthington Co. founded in village of Cleaveland

1828  Baltimore & Ohio railroad, the first designed for
passengers & freight

1829  Arthur, 21st President, born; dies 1886

1829  Estate of James Smithson funds Smithsonian Institution

1831  Samuel F. Smith writes "My Country, 'tis of Thee"

1831  Nat Turner leads slave revolt at Southhampton

1831  Garfield, 20th President (and 3rd in a row from Ohio),
born; dies 1881

1832  Abe Lincoln enlists in Illinois militia to help fight Sauk
& Fox Indians

1832  Jackson vetoes rechartering of 2nd Bank, causes birth of
Whig Party

1832  Jackson supporters counter with rebirth of Jefferson
Democratic Party

1833  Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President, born; dies 1901

1833  First tax-supported public library, at Peterborough, NH,
Apr 9

1833  Oberlin College, in Ohio, is first coed college in U.S.A.

1833  City of Cleveland buys its first fire engine for $285

1834  Death of Lafayette, Revolutionary War hero on two

1834  Charles Babbage demonstrates "analytic engine", a computer

1835  U.S.A. becomes debt free (briefly) for only time in history

1836  The Alamo.  6000 Mexicans defeat 190 Americans in 12 days
on March 6

1837  Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th President, born; dies 1908

1837  Sitting Bull born, dies in 1890

1837  Concord Hymn, by Emerson, commemorates battle of Concord NH
in 1775

1838  Osceola dies in prison after being tricked by false white

1838  Trail of Tears.  Thousands of Indians forced from their
homes & die

1838  Black Hawk, famous Sauk warrior, dies of old age

1839  Abner Doubleday invents baseball at Cooperstown, NY

1839  Railway Express Co. founded in Boston

1840  Chief Joseph born near Wallowa, OR.  Becomes great chief of
Nez Perce'

1841  Wm. H. Harrison catches cold at Inauguration, dies a month

1841  Russia sells their Fort Ross in California to John Sutter

1842  Crazy Horse born in South Dakota

1842  Plain Dealer Publishing Co. founded in Cleveland

1842  Webster-Ashburton Treaty defines Canadian-U.S. frontier,
Aug 9

1843  McKinley, 25th President (5th from Ohio), born; dies 1901

1844  Samuel F. B. Morse opens telegraphic link between Baltimore
and D.C.

1845  U. S. Naval Academy opens at Annapolis, MD

1845  Texas is annexed; war with Mexico follows

1846  Large crack in Liberty Bell gets too bad to permit ringing
any more

1846  Potato famine in Ireland.  Many flee to America for

1847  Brigham Young leads his followers into Salt Lake City, UT

1847  Thomas Alva Edison born in Milan, OH February 11; dies in

1847  American troops fight their way into the Halls of Montezuma
in Mexico

1848  Treaty of 1848 gets CA, NM, AZ, NV UT, parts of CO and WY
for the Union 

1848  Cornerstone laid for the Washington Monument

1849  There's  G O L D  in them thar hills!  Invasion of
California begins

1850  Fugitive Slave Act, Sept. 18

1851  Isaac Singer granted a patent for his sewing machine 

1853  Gadsden Purchase brings some Mexican territory into U.S.A.

1853  Commodore Matthew Perry opens trade routes with Japan, July

1853  Cincinnati is first city to pay firefighters a salary

1854  War between Cleveland and Ohio City settled by annexation
of latter

1854  Kansas - Nebraska Act.  Provides springboard for Abe

1854  Republican Party formed in Ripon, WI 28 February, under
John Fremont

1854  George Boole writes on theories of logic and probabilities

1855  Soo Canal opens upper Great Lakes to commercial navigation

1855  Longfellow uses name of real Six Nation's hero Hiawatha in
mythical poem

1856  Wilson, 28th President, born; dies 1924

1856  Western Union Telegraph Co. established in Cleveland

1856  Cocaine extracted from cocoa leaves, but has no legitimate
use (ever!)

1857  Dred Scott decision handed down by Supreme Court, March 6

1857  Transatlantic cable begins; used briefly in 1858.  Replaced
in 1866

1857  Taft, 27th President (7th from Ohio), born; dies 1930

1858  Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President, born; dies 1919

1859  Abolitionist John Brown leads assault on armory at Harper's

1859  Colonel Robert E. Lee, U. S. Army, commands troops at
Harpers Ferry

1859  Drake puts down first oil well in U.S.A., Titusville, PA

1860  Annie Oakley born in Darke County, Ohio, log cabin, August

1860  Pony Express riders leave Sacramento, CA and St. Joseph, MO
on 1st ride 

1860  Edwin C. Higbee opens store on Cleveland Public Square

1860  South Carolina becomes first state to secede from Union,
December 20

1861  Confederate States adopt Provisional Constitution, February

1861  Civil War begins at Fort Sumter, Charleston, SC, April 12

1861  Ohioan Generals Grant, Sherman and Sheridan ride off to war

1861  Congress enacts first income tax August 2, on incomes more
than $800

1861  U. S. Navy's first aircraft carrier launches hot air
balloon Aug 3

1861  First Congressional Medals of Honor awarded, to Union

1861  First transcontinental telegraph kills need for Pony

1862  The Homestead Act, May 20, contributes to development in
ND, SD, and OK

1862  Duel between Merrimac and Monitor March 8; CSS Merrimac

1862  Battle of Shiloh, Apr 6

1862  LTC R. B. Hayes and Sgt Wm. McKinley (both future
Presidents) saw action at Antietam

1863  The Emancipation Proclamation

1863  The Gettysburg Address dedicated to more than two score
thousand dead

1864  Lincoln posed for photograph which appears on $5 bill, Feb

1864  "In God We Trust" put on American coins for the first time
April 22

1864  Massacre of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians at Sand Creek, CO,
Nov 29

1864  Lincoln proclaims last Thursday in November to be
Thanksgiving Day

1865  13th amendment abolishes slavery

1865  Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox on Palm Sunday, April

1865  Lincoln shot by Boothe April 14, dies next day

1865  Confederate Army surrenders at Shreveport, LA; Civil War
ends May 26

1865  Last shot of Civil War fired by CSS Shenandoah in Bering
Sea, June 22

1865  Harding, 29th President (8th from Ohio), born; dies in 1923

1866  Congress recognizes the Metric system of measurements

1866  Alfred Nobel invents something that is "dynamite"

1867  British North American Act creates the Dominion of Canada

1867  US buys Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million

1868  14th amendment prohibits voting discrimination, among other

1868  House impeaches President Johnson.  Senate acquits him by
one vote

1869  Transcontinental railroad completed; Ogden, UT wins the
golden spike

1869  Cleveland's first professional baseball team is The Forest

1869  Suez Canal completed

1870  "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea", in a nuclear

1870  15th Amendment gives blacks the right to vote

1870  John D. Rockefeller founds Standard Oil Company, in
Cleveland, OH

1870  Robert E. Lee dies, October 12

1871  Dr. B. F. Goodrich opens rubber factory in Akron, OH

1871  Mrs. O'Leary's cow blamed for Chicago fire, Oct 8-11

1872  Coolidge, 30th President, born; dies 1933

1872  Susan B. Anthony leads protest for women at polling place

1872  Yellowstone National Park created; our first of many (but
too few)

1873  Bellevue Hospital in NYC starts first school of nursing

1874  Hoover, 31st President, born; dies 1964

1874  Guglielmo Marconi, radio pioneer, born April 25

1875  Gold discovered in the Sioux holy grounds, the Black Hills
of SD

1875  First running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchhill Downs,
May 17

1876  Custer makes his way into the history books at Little Big
Horn in Montana

1876  Liberty statue presented by France, construction requires
ten years

1876  Internal combustion engine invented by N. A. Otto
(pronounced "auto")

1876  Does the name "Alexander Graham" ring a Bell?  Telephone

1877  Crazy Horse dies in a Nebraska prison from stab wounds

1878  First electric street lighting anywhere is on Cleveland
Public Square

1878  First commercial telephone exchange is at New Haven, CT,
Jan 28

1879  John D. Rockefeller organizes the Standard Oil Trust

1879  Charles McGill is last felon publicly hanged on Cleveland
Public Square 

1880  Case School of Applied Science established in Cleveland

1881  Booker T. Washington opens Tuskegee Institute for blacks

1881  Garfield assassinated.  Arthur moves into the presidency

1882  F. D. Roosevelt, 32nd President, born; dies 1945

1883  Indonesian volcano Krakatau blows it's top; 35,000 die

1883  Brooklyn Bridge completed May 24.  No, it is not for sale!

1884  Truman, 33rd President, born; dies 1972

1884  First "World Series" played

1886  Geronimo surrenders all Apache nations, September 4

1887  Susan Salter, Argonia, KS, is first woman mayor in U.S.A.,
Apr 4

1888  Electric streetcars introduced, in Richmond, VA

1889  Indian Territory becomes Oklahoma Territory, thrown open to

1889  First American skyscraper soars into Chicago skies, 10

1889  Jefferson Davis dies at age 81 on December 6

1890  Eisenhower, 34th President, born; dies 1969

1890  First skyscraper in New York City is the World Building, 26

1890  Massacre at Wounded Knee, SD, December 29

1890  Sherman Anti-Trust Act, July 2

1890  Leonidas Merritt discovers iron ore lode at Mesabi, MN

1892  First bridge to span the lower Mississippi river is at

1892  Rudolf Diesel invents internal combustion engine that runs
on oil

1892  Pledge of Allegiance published.  Changes made in 1954

1893  "America the Beautiful" written by Katherine Lee Bates

1896  Plessy v. Ferguson establishes hated "separate but equal"

1898  USS Maine blown up in harbor at Havana, Cuba, February 15

1898  Spanish - American War.  Teddy Roosevelt rough-rides his
way into Cuba

1898  Independent republic of Hawaii annexed

1900  Boxer Rebellion against foreigners in China begins

1901  McKinley assassinated, Theodore Roosevelt moves into
presidency Sept 14

1902  State of Ohio authorizes a state flag on May 9

1902  First 4-H Club anywhere is in Springfield, OH

1903  Wright brothers prove they are right for aviation, Kitty
Hawk, NC Dec 17

1903  Great automobile race from New York City to Pittsburgh
takes eight days

1904  Chief Joseph dies in exile in Washington state, fighting no
more, forever

1904  Ohio adopts Scarlet Carnation as state flower to honor

1906  Great San Francisco earthquake April 18 kills over 500

1908  First Model T rolls off the Ford assembly line

1908  U.S. Governors issue Declaration on Conservation, May 15

1908  L. B. Johnson, 36th President, born; dies 1973

1909  Great White Fleet of 16 battleships completes trip around
the world

1909  Robert E. Peary (a white) & Matthew A. Henson (a black)
reach North Pole

1909  NAACP founded by W. E. B. DuBois

1910  Boy Scouts of America founded, Feb 8

1911  First transcontinental flight takes 82 hours, over nearly 2

1911  Reagan, 40th President, born

1912  Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) founded March 12

1912  Garrett Morgan of Cleveland invents the gas mask

1912  Titanic hits iceberg, April 15.  1503 lives lost

1913  Harriet Tubman, heroine of underground railroad, dies;
buried in Ohio

1913  Nixon, 37th President, born

1913  Ford, 38th President (1st non-elected), born

1913  16th Amendment establishes income tax

1913  17th Amendment changed election rules for Senators

1914  Panama Canal completed

1914  American Radio Relay League (ARRL) founded in Newington, CT
by W1AW

1914  World War I begins in Europe; President Wilson declares

1915  SS Lusitania sunk May 7; 1100 lives lost

1916  General John "Blackjack" Pershing chases Pancho Villa deep
into Mexico

1917  After scores of U-boat incidents over last 3 years, U. S.
enters WW I

1917  Kennedy, 35th President, born; dies 1963

1917  Russian Revolution; they enjoy brief democracy for only
time in history

1917  Father Edward Flanagan founds Boy's Town, December 1

1918  The American's Creed adopted April 3

1918  Armistice ends WW I on 11th hour of 11th day of 11th month

1919  18th Amendment introduces prohibition of intoxicating

1920  19th Amendment brings women the vote, Aug 26

1921  Man O' War retires to 26 years at stud

1923  Garrett Morgan of Cleveland invents traffic signals

1923  Teapot Dome scandal involves illegal lease on Navy oil

1924  Carter, 39th President, born

1924  Bush, 41st President, born

1924  Congress confers citizenship on (some) Native Americans,
June 15

1925  First municipal airport in the world is Hopkins, at
Cleveland, OH

1925  First female as a state governor is Nellie Taylor Ross, in

1925  John T. Scopes convicted of teaching evolution in Dayton,
TN, July 24

1926  Richard E. Byrd flies over North Pole May 9

1927  Lucky Lindy lands in Paris May 21 after non-stop flight
from New York

1928  Richard E. Byrd flies over South Pole November 28

1929  St. Valentine's Day massacre in Chicago; rival bootleggers
shoot it out

1929  Great Depression begins after bank and stock failures in

1930  DuMont's television broadcast in NYC to private homes,
August 20

1931  The National Anthem finally adopted by Congress March 3

1931  Empire State Building opens May 1

1932  20th Amendment established starting date for Presidency &

1932  Welland Canal bypasses Niagara Falls for shipping

1933  First woman in Presidential Cabinet is Secretary of Labor
Frances Perkins

1933  Emergency Banking Act, March 9

1933  Civilian Conservation Corps, March 31

1933  Federal Emergency Relief Act, Agriculture Adjustment Act,
May 12

1933  Tennessee Valley Authority Act, May 18

1933  Farm Credit Act, June 16

1933  21st Amendment repeals prohibition amendment

1933  Ohio adopts the Cardinal as the "Official Bird"

1934  Securities and Exchange Commission created June 6

1935  Works Progress Administration approved by Congress, April 8

1935  Wagner-Connery Act establishes National Labor Relations
Board, July 5

1935  Social Security Act, August 14

1937  Amelia Earhart Putnam disappears during attempt to fly
around the world

1937  Adolph Hitler tells his generals of his plan to take over
Europe, Nov 5

1939  Geological Surv. final report on cost of Louisiana Purchase
$23.2 million

1939  After attacking other nations, Hitler starts WW II by
attacking Poland

1939  Bill of Rights finally ratified by Massachusetts, Georgia &

1941  Lend-Lease Act became law March 11

1941  Churchill & Roosvelt develop The Atlantic Charter, Aug 14
in Argentia

1941  December 7, the Day of Infamy, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor,

1942  Executive Order 9066 imprisons many thousands of Nisei for
three years

1942  The Battle of the Coral Sea, May 7-8

1942  The Battle of Midway, June 4

1942  The Battles of Guadalcanal: ashore, August 7; at sea, Nov

1942  First self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction, by Fermi,
December 2

1944  Landing at Anzio Beach by the Allies, January 22

1944  D-Day at Normandy!  The Longest Day begins, June 6

1944  The Battle of the Philippine Sea, June 19

1945  Marines raise the flag on Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima,
February 23

1945  First atomic bomb exploded anywhere is at Los Alamos, NM,
July 16

1945  B-29 'Enola Gay' drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Aug 6

1945  Last atomic bomb then in existence dropped at Nagasaki,
August 9

1945  World War II ends: first in Europe, May 7; then in Japan,
Sept 2

1945  United Nations chartered in San Francisco; in 1950 moves to

1946  Taft-Hartley Act outlaws certain practices of trade unions

1947  Truman Doctrine opposes Communism in Greece and elsewhere,
Mar 12

1947  Marshall Plan helps rebuild Europe, June 5

1947  Transistor invented at Bell Labs, in New Jersey, Dec 23

1948  Foreign Assistance Act funds the Marshall Plan, April 3

1948  Organization of American States (OAS) formed, April 30

1948  United Nations creates Republic of Israel out of Palestine

1948  Berlin airlift begins nearly a year of relief to overcome

1948  Native Americans allowed to vote (finally) in New Mexico
and Arizona

1949  North Atlantic Treaty Organization born, April 4

1950  North Korea invades South Korea, June 25

1951  22nd Amendment limits president to two terms.  1st
proposer: Jefferson

1953  Most "declared" hostilities end in Korea, 38th parallel
becomes DMZ

1954  Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka overturns Plessy v.

1954  Remington Rand sells a UNIVAC system to General Motors

1955  Dr. Jonas Salk proves his vaccine against polio virus is

1957  Sputnik

1959  Ohio adopts new Official Motto: "With God, All Things Are

1959  St. Lawrence Seaway opens the Great Lakes to foreign
shipping, Apr 25

1960  23rd Amendment granted Electoral College representation to

1962  John Glenn is first U. S. astronaut to orbit earth,
Feb 20

1962  Military aid begins in South Vietnam

1963  Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. announces "I Have A Dream" on
August 28

1963  John F. Kennedy assassinated, Johnson moves into presidency

1964  24th Amendment killed "poll taxes"

1964  Civil Rights Act put teeth in Federal enforcement of

1964  Tonkin Gulf Resolution, Aug 24; repealed in 1970 

1967  25th Amendment allows President to step aside temporarily,
then resume

1967  Thurgood Marshall is first black to become a justice on
Supreme Court

1968  Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. murdered in Memphis

1969  Neil Armstrong took one small step for a man, onto
the moon

1971  26th amendment gives 18 year olds the vote

1972  Equal Rights Amendment proposed by Congress; never ratified
by states

1973  Vice President Agnew forced to resign, Ford becomes 1st
non-elected VP

1973  Roe et al v. Wade decision starts bitter
abortion/anti-abortion debates

1974  Nixon resigns in disgrace, Ford moves into the presidency

1975  The fall of Saigon, South Vietnam

1980  Mount St. Helens volcano erupts

1981  First female Supreme Court Justice is Sandra Day O'Connor

1984  Geraldine Ferraro is first serious female Vice Presidential

From here you can go to to:

Last Updated: 12/95
WebMaster: Bill Uzgalis wuzgalis@orst.edu
Philosohpy Department Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon Office Phone: (503) 737-5650