Phil. 302
Dr. Uzgalis
Winter 1999

Looking at this timeline may give you some perspective on the period we are studying. It gives you a sense of some of the history of native peoples before the arrival of Europeans It also shows you the simultaneous nature of the voyages by ship and the journeys to a new understanding of the world which we are studying. You will not be required to know any of the dates contained in this timeline.

I plan on developing this Great Voyages Timeline into a true mutlimedia, hypertext WWW document. At present there are a few links to other web sites.

DATE                      EVENT

30KBC (or earlier) Probable crossing of Bering Straits by Indian

  61  Spinden date for the Leyden Plate, a carved jade plaque in

  68  Spinden date for oldest stone monument or stela, in Mexico

 217  Year of oldest Pueblo roofbeam that can be carbon-14 dated

 400  Heyday of the Moundbuilders in Mississippi and Ohio valleys

 711  Islamic invasion of Spain (at the invitation of one party
in a Christian civil war)

 732  The northern advance of Islamic power halted at the Battle
of Tours

 725  Casa Grande, an Indian fort and large irrigation works
built - Arizona

 850  Norsemen defeat Irishmen, eject them from Iceland

 985  Eric the Red colonizes Greenland

1000  Leif, Eric's son, builds dwelling on NE coast of

1000  Tiahuanaco civilization in Peru, widespread planting of
potatoes, corn

1056  Beginning of the democratic Pataria movement in Milan

1085  Surrender of Toledo by its Islamic ruler to Ferdinand I of
Leon.  Toledo contained a good library of Arabic learning
concerning medicine, astrology, astronomy, pharmacology,
psychology, physiology, biology, optics, chemistry, physics,
mathematics (algebra, geometry and trigonometry), music, and
navigatioon among other subjects. These materials were to make
their way into Europe  

1100  Mayan civilization reaches it's height in Central America

1215  King John seals Magna Carta at Runnymede.  But not made law
until 1297

1225  Magna Carta reissued for third time in definitive form

1254  Birth of Marco Polo, explorer who will bring pasta to Italy
from China

1265  First English Parliament, January 20

1297  Magna Carta confirmed by Edward I, enters English statute
rolls as law

1325  Toltec empire defeated by Aztecs in Mexico

1327  Aztecs establish Mexico City

1332  Parliament divides into two houses

1347  Bubonic plague in Europe; originated in India, 1332. 75
million deaths

1350  The League of Nations established at Onondaga, NY. 1st true

1364  Aztecs build their capital at Tenochtitlan, Mexico

1433  Birth of Marsilio Ficino; dies 1499 -- founder of the Florentine 
Academy -- an influential group of Italian Neo-platonists -- under the 
patronage of the Medici family.  Ficino made the first complete 
translation of all of Plato's dialogues into any Western language (1462-69).

1438  Inca rule begins in Peru

1441  Portugese sailors enter slave trade with African Negroes at
Cape Blanc

1451  Birth of Cristoforo Columbo; dies 1506

1454  Birth of Amerigo Vespucci; dies 1512

1457  The first book in Europe  printed with Gutenberg's movable
type and bearing the name of the printer is published.
1459 Birth of Nicolo MACHAIVELLI, Italian political philosopher; dies 1527

1478 Birth of Sir Thomas MORE, English philsopher, coiner of the term "utopia"; dies 1535


1484 Birth of Bartoleme DE LAS CASAS, Spanish Domenican priest, defender of the Indians.

1492  Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain complete the "reconquista"
by capturing the Alhambra and expel the Moors from Spain

1492  Columbus departs Palos, Spain, in Santa Maria.  Hopes to
find gold/Indies

1492 Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain require that their Jewish
subjects either convert to Christiantiy or depart from Spain
1492/93 Birth of Francisco de VITORIA, Spanish philosopher and just war theorist.
1494  Spain and Portugal divide New World in Treaty of

1497  John Cabot makes landfall in Newfoundland, claims it for

1498  Cabots explore as far south as Hatteras; claim continent
for England

1499  Ojeda explores Venezuelan coastline

1500  Fernandes explores Labrador
1500  Pedro Alvarez Cabral claims Brazil for Portugal

1501  Gaspar Corte-Real kidnaps 57 Indians in Newfoundland

1501  Rodrigo de Bastidas explores Central American coast &

1507  Lands of the New World named for Amerigo Vespucci by

1510  Spain begins settlements in Jamaica; two years later in

1512  Juan Ponce de Leon names discovery after Easter Sunday;
Pascua Florida

1513  Vasco Nunez de Balboa names large body of water as
1516 Raffael paints The School of Athens
1519  Hernando Cortes begins assault on Mexico, defeats the Aztecs

1519  Cortes brings Arabian horses to Americas from Spain

1519  Domenico de Pineda explores Gulf of Mexico from Florida to
Vera Cruz

1520  Magellan navigates through the straits from Atlantic to

1521  Martin Luther excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church, Jan 3

1521  Guam, where America's day begins, explored by Magellan

1524  Giovanni da Verrazano explores Hudson River and New York
harbor waters

1526  Spanish attempt colonization of Cape Fear; it lasts only a
few months

1528  Panfilo de Narvaez invades Florida from Cuba, wars with

1531  Spain invades Peru; end of Inca civilization 
1533 Birth of Michel de MONTAIGNE, French philosopher and essayist; dies 1592
1534  Jacques Cartier explores coasts of Labrador and Newfoundland

1535  Jacques Cartier explores St. Lawrence River, trades with
Huron Indians

1536  Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aries

1536  Al var Nunez Cabeza de Vaca reaches Culiacan after roaming
all over south

1538  Bogota settled by Quesada

1539  Hernando de Soto leaves Havana to find Seven Cities; finds
Indian war

1539  First printing press set up in the New World - at Mexico

1540  Francisco Vasquez de Coronado treks north from Mexico to
Zuni territory

1540  Coronado's troops discover the Grand Canyon

1541  Hernando de Soto explores Mississipi River valley and Gulf

1542  Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo explores in area of San Diego for

1544 Sebastian Cabot publishes map of the world with remarkable detail
1548 Birth of Giordano Bruno; dies 1600. Bruno is perhaps the most famous of Italian Renaissance philosophers. His thought is largely connected with Hermetic philosophy and the associated magical traditions. Bruno did hold some form of Copernicanism, and was seized by the Inquisition and burned at the stake after being tried and convincted as a heretic. It is, however, more likely that the heretical views for which he was condemned invovled magic rather than science.

1551 Francis BACON, English philosopher, essayist, advocate of natural science, and Lord Chancellor of Engliand is born; dies 1626
1555  First tobacco taken from America to Spain

1555  Rio de Janeiro colony established by the French

1558  Reign of Elizabeth I begins; ends in 1603

1562  French establish trading post in South Carolina, erect
monument in FL

1562  John Hawkins begins slave trade between Guinea and West

1564  French Huguenots try to start colony at Jacksonville; are
killed by Spain

1564  French found Fort Caroline, FL.  First European colony on
the mainland

1565  Spanish attack Fort Caroline, and find St. Augustine in the

1571  Birth of Johannes Kepler, German astronomer; dies 1630

1572  Francis Drake attacks Spanish harbors in the Americas

1576  Martin Frobisher puts his name on Frobisher's Bay, Canada

1577  Sir Francis Drake begins explorations on west coast of
North America

1581  Franciscan friars begin missionary work in "New Mexico"

1584  Walter Raleigh knighted by Virgin Queen for naming new
colony for her

1585  English attempt colony at Roanoke Island, NC, but have
Indian trouble

1586  Potatoes from Columbia introduced to England by Herriot

1587  New colony established at Pamlico Sound.  It disappeared
within 2 yrs

1587  Virginia Dare was first child born in the colonies; fate

1588  English defeat Spanish armada of King Philip II
1588 Birth of Thomas HOBBES, English philosopher and materialist; dies 1679
1590  Galileo describes the law of falling bodies

1592  Alleged date of Juan de Fuca discovery of inland passage
1592 Birth of Pierre GASSENDI, French philosopher, a moderate skeptic, Gassendi is largly responsible for reintroducing Epicureanism - that is atomism - as a viable alternative in European thought

1595 Birth of Rene DESCARTES, French scientist, mathematician and philosopher; dies 1650

1598  Colonists landed on Sable Island

1598  Henry IV issues Edict of Nantes to quiet religious wars

1598  Don Juan de Onate claims all of New Mexico for Spain

Historical Time Line 1600-1800

From here you can go to to:

Last Updated: 12/95
Bill Uzgalis
Philosohpy Department
Oregon State University,
Corvallis, Oregon
Office Phone: (503) 737-5650

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