1600  The first opera, J. Peri's Euridice, performed in
Florence; this also marks the beginning of the Baroque period
which ends in 1750 with the death of J.S. Bach

1601  Colony of Tadoussac founded

1602  Cape Cod named by Bartholemew Gosnold, English navigator
who found it

1602  Vizcaino explores west coast from Gosnold to Buzzards Bay

1603  Martin Pring explores New England coast

1605  French trading post established at Port Royal, Nova Scotia

1605  Weymouth explores New England coast

1606  First charter granted to the Virginia Company, named after
Virgin Queen

1607  Captain John Smith first encounters Iroquois in Chesapeake

1607  Jamestown founded.  First permanent English colony in New

1607  English colony begun at Fort St. George, on Kennebec River,

1608  Samuel de Champlain founds village of Quebec

1609  Champlain makes war against the Iroquois, 1st use of guns
on Indians

1609  Hendrik "Henry" Hudson explores river valley named for him

1609  East Anglia Puritans leave England for Leiden, Holland for
10 year stay

1609  Dutch establish Fort Orange, now known as Albany, NY, as
fur trading post

1609  Henry Hudson explores east coast of North America for

1609  Santa Fe, New Mexico settled

1609  Kepler describes planetary motions and laws

1610  Henry Hudson discovers Hudson's Bay

1610  Thomas West, 3rd Lord de la Warr rescues Jamestown colony
from starvation

1612  England colonizes Bermuda

1612  French explorers discover Lake Huron
1612 Birth of Antoine ARNAULD, French philosopher and theologian, critic of Descartes; dies 1694

1613  John Rolfe, husband of Pocahontas, cross-breeds tobacco

1614  Thomas Hunt kidnaps 24 Indians from Cape Cod area, sells
them as slaves

1615  French under Champlain trade with local Indians on Georgian

1616  Captain John Smith publishes "A Description of New England"

1616  Pocahontas visits England, poses for portrait; dies there

1616  White settlers introduce small pox to New England.  Many
Indians die

1619  Black slavery introduced at Jamestown by Dutch traders

1619  First legislative assembly in America, in Virginia, July 30

1619  Nov. 19 DESCARTES has a vision of a new mathematical and
scientic system

1620  Slide rule invented by Oughtred, in England

1620  Puritan Pilgrims write Mayflower Compact, land at Plymouth

1621  Pilgrims have first contact with Indian, who greets them in

1621  The Indian, Squanto, learned English in England after
fleeing Spain

1622  Maine granted to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John

1623  Champlain's expedition trades for furs with Indians on Lake

1623  Settlements begin in New Hampshire
1623 Birth of Blaise PASCAL, French mathematician, theologian and philosopher; dies 1662

1624  Indians barter away Manhattan for about $24.00; Dutch begin

1624  Virginia becomes a royal colony

1628  English Parliament enacts Petition of Right

1628  DESCARTES writes Rules for the Direction of the

1629  Charter of Freedoms and Exemptions for New Netherland

1629  Puritans settle Boston area, call themselves The
Massachusetts-Bay Co.

1630  Puritans hang John Billington, a murderer; a first for the

1632  Mariland named for Queen Henrietta Maria by English King
Charles I

1632  "Oyster War" begins between VA and MD; continues today
1632 Birth of John LOCKE, English philosopher, political activist and revolutionary, medical researcher and doctor; dies 1704

1632 Birth of Benedict de SPINOZA, Dutch philosopher and scientist; dies 1675

1633  Condemnation of Galileo by the Church 

1634  Jean Nicolet explores Lake Michigan shore and Wisconsin

1635  Roger Williams banished from Massachusetts for espousing

1635  First settlements in Connecticut include Hartford and

1636  First college in the colonies, later named after Rev. John

1636  Providence Plantations founded in Rhode Island by Roger

1637  Pequot War in Connecticut and Rhode Island

1637  DESCARTES publishes the Discourse on the Method
including the Optics, Meterorology and Geometry

1638  Swedish colony, near Wilmington, DE, introduces log-cabin

1639  The Fundamental Orders unite three communities in

1639  Harvard College sets up first printing press in colonies

1640  First English book published in colonies is Bay Psalm Book;

1641  "Body of Liberties" adopted in Massachusetts; precurses
Bill of Rights

1641  DESCARTES publishes Meditations on First
Philosophy along with the first six sets ofObjections
and Replies

1642  PASCAL invents an adding machine

1642  Massachusetts School Law requires schoolmaster in towns of
50 families

1642  French develop new trading post at Montreal

1643  Invention of the barometer

1643  New England Confederation founded.  These are first 4
colonies to unite

1644  First bicameral legislature formed in Massachusetts

1644  Roger Williams publishes The Bloody Tenet of

1644 DESCARTES publishes the Principles of Philosophy

1645  First ironworks, at Saugus, MA
1646 Birth of Gottfreid Wilhelm LEIBNIZ, German philosopher, courtier, diplomat, lawyer, and librarian; dies 1716

1647 Birth of Pierre BAYLE, French philosopher, an influential skeptic; died 1706

1648  Iroquois defeat the Hurons, drive them into Canada, north
of the Lakes

1649  Charles I executed; Oliver Cromwell establishes Commonwealth

1649  First Assembly in Maryland.  Enacts Toleration Act, freeing

1649 DESCARTES publishes The Passions of the Soul; goes
to Sweden at the invitation of Queen Christina, where he dies the
following year

1651  Navigation Acts require English ships and crews for all

1653  Iroquois defeat the Erie Nation, extend influence into
o-he-you. (Ohio)

1656  New Netherland Council passes ordinance restricting

1656  SPINOZA excommunicated by the Jewish community in Amsterdam

1657  Rhode Island Assembly adopts freedom of religion; it
doesn't last

1657  John Washington jumps ship in Virginia, buys land

1658  Birth of Antoine de la Mothe, sieur de Cadillac; he dies in
1659 Birth of Damaris Cudworth Masham, daughter of Ralph Cudworth and friend of John Locke, she was herself a philosopher as well as an early feminist; died 1708

1660  Restoration of Charles II to the English throne

1661  William Penn deceives Delaware Indians, effectively steals

1663  John Eliot translates Bible into an Indian tongue

1663  SPINOZA publishes the Principles of Cartesian

1664  Dutch give up control of New Amsterdam

1665  Duke's Law established by Duke of York, who renames area
for himself

1668  Sault Ste. Marie established by French missionaries

1669  Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle explores Ohio River

1669  Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina inaugurated

1670  Newton discovers The Calculus, but does not publish his results 
until after Leibniz independently discovers the calculus and publishes.  
This gives rise to a vast controversy between the two men.

1670  SPINOZA publishes the Theologico-Politcal Treatise

1670  Grant from Charles II leads to settlement of Charleston, SC

1670  Hudson's Bay Company founded to compete with French fur

1673  Iroquois drive Mosopelea Indians from Southwestern Ohio

1673  Marquette and Joliet explore northern parts of Mississippi

1675  Indian "King Phillip" begins retaliatory war against white

1676  Bacon's Rebellion wages vigilante war in Virginia

1676  First formally declared "Day of Thanksgiving" June 20,
Charlestown, MA

1677  Postumus publication of a number of SPINOZA'S works,
including the Ethics

1679  Settlements in what is now New Hampshire proclaimed a royal

1679  Habeas Corpus Amendment Act in England
1679 Birth of Catherine Trotter Cockburne, playwright and spirited defender of Locke; died 1749

1680  Pueblo Indians get horses from Spanish; first Plains
Indians to do so

1681  Province of Pennsylvania (Penn's Woodlands) chartered

1682  Philadelphia founded.  Penn publishes Frame of Government

1682  LaSalle explores Mississippi River, claims river valley for

1684  Charles II annuls 1629 charter of Massachusetts colony

1684  Cotton Mather coins the term "Americans" for colonists

1684  A patent is granted for the thimble

1685  Louis XIV cancels Edict of Nantes, thousands flee to the
1685 Birth of George BERKELEY, Irish philosopher, immaterialist, Angligan Bishop, and educator; dies 1753

1685  Birth of Johan Sebastian Bach, German composer, chief
representative of the German late Baroque period whose many works
include The Well Tempered Clavier, ; dies 1750

1685  Birth of George Fredrick Handel, Anglo-German composer of
the Messiah and other important vocal and instrumental
works; dies 1759

1685  Birth of Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer of operas and
religious works, and one of the most important figures in the
developoment of classical harmony; dies 1757

1688  First written protest against slavery in the English
colonies, by Mennonites in Germantown, PA

1688  The Glorious Revolution establishes Parliamentary supremacy

1689  English Parliament enacts Bill of Rights, provides
religious freedom

1689  Pensacola founded (again). (Spanish had tried there in

1689  LOCKE publishes the Essay Concerning Human
Understanding and the Letter Concerning Toleration
1689 Birth of MONTESQUIEU, French philosopher, jurist, natural rights theorist and opponent of slavery

1690  First newspaper banned in the colonies is Publick
Occurences, in Boston

1690  LOCKE publishes the Two Treatises of Civil
Government anonymously 

1691  Plymouth becomes part of royal colony of Massachusetts

1692  Witch hunts in Salem, MA; 19 die

1693  William and Mary becomes second college in the colonies,
Feb 6

1693  Champagne is invented by Dom Perignon, August 4
1694 Birth of Francois-Marie VOLTAIRE, French philsopher, popularizer of Newtonian physics, critic of Leibniz; dies 1778

1695  Freedom of the press comes to England.  Censorship

1696  Habeas Corpus Act suspended in England

1696  Board of Trade takes over administration of the colonies -
John LOCKE is its most influential member until 1700

1697  Penn proposes a Plan of Union for the English Colonies in

1699  Woolens Act.

1699  Cahokia and Biloxi founded

1701  Cadillac establishes new trading post; call it
"Ponchartrain" on de Troit

1701  Elihu Yale donates 800 Pounds to the third college in the

1701  Delaware gets government separate from Pennsylvania

1702  East Jersey and West Jersey unite to form royal province of
New Jersey

1702  Queen Anne begins reign; dies 1714.  Annapolis is named for

1703  Benjamin Franklin born in Boston

1704  First organ built in the colonies, in Philadelphia

1707  Scotland and England join to become Great Britain
1709  First Copyright Act, in Britain

1709  BERKELEY writes  An Essay Towards a New Theory of

1710  BERKELEY publishes A Treatise concerning the Principles
of Human Knowledge

1711  War with Tuscarora Indians in Carolinas, they head north
1711 Birth of David HUME, Scotish philosopher, historian and economist; dies 1776

1712  North Carolina gets own governor, separates from South
1712 Birth of Jean Jacques ROUSSEAU, French philosopher, natural rights theorist and literary figure; dies 1778

1713  Treaty of Utrecht; French Acadians (Cajuns) driven from
Nova Scotia to LA

1713  BERKELEY publishes Three Dialogues between Hylas and
Philonous, a more popular version of the philosophy of the

1714  Shawnee establish themselves in western Ohio, driven
there from MD

1715  Tuscarora Indians join League of Five Nations, making it
Six Nations

1716  First theater in the colonies is at Williamsburg

1717  Mother Goose appears in print, in Boston

1718  New Orleans founded by Le Page du Pratz, for Bienville

1720  Birth of Ottawa Indian war chief Pontiac, near Detroit

1720  First settlements in Vermont

1721  Dr. Zabdiel Boylston imports smallpox vaccine, in Boston

1723  Benjamin Franklin leaves Boston for Philadelphia
1724 Birth of Immanuel KANT, German philosopher whose works include the Critique of Pure Reason and the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals; dies 1804

1727  First British fort on Great Lakes is Fort Oswego, NY

1728  Vitus J. Bering, a Dane, explores strait which now bears
his name

1728  First American steel made in Hartford, CT

1732  Benjamin Franklin begins to publish Poor Richard's Almanac

1732  George Washington born in Virginia on February 22;  dies in

1732  Hat Act forbade manufacture in colonies of hats made with
local fur

1732  First stagecoach route connects Burlington to Perth Amboy,

1733  Sugar Act, aka Molasses Act, a revenue enhancement scheme
for Britain

1733  Georgia becomes 13th colony; founded by James Oglethorpe

1734  Hamilton defends Zenger in freedom of the press landmark

1735  John Adams, 2nd President, born October 30; dies July 4, 1826

1736  Patrick Henry born May 29

1736  Franklin begins Fire Department in Philadelphia

1737  John Hancock born January 23

1738  The Great Awakening in full swing reshaping religious
policies everywhere

1738  British traders begin working shores of Lake Erie, compete
with French

1738  Future King George III born.  Declaration of Independence
mentions him

1739  In North Carolina, there is large insurrection by blacks

1739  War of Jenkin's Ear begins

1740  English Parliament allows naturalization of colonists after
7 years

1740  Invention of the Franklin stove, his most famous invention

1740  Philadelphia is largest city in America.  Population 13,000

1741  Vitus Bering claims Alaska for his (now) homeland Russia

1742  The first performance of Handel's Messiah oratorio
in Dublin on April 13

1743  Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President, born April 13;  dies July
4, 1826

1743  American Philosophical Society founded by Benjamin Franklin

1744  King George's War begins.  France joins war effort against

1746  College of New Jersey, now called Princeton Univ., founded

1747  New York State Bar Association is first in this continent

1748  "Now I Lay Me Down to Sleep" appears in New England Primer

1748  Treaty of Aix-La-Chapelle ends King George's War

1749  England recognizes slavery and plantation system in the

1749  George Washington becomes land surveyor at age 17, for an
Ohio company

1749  Halifax, Nova Scotia founded

1750  Cumberland Gap discovered, named by Thomas Walker. 
Westward ho begins

1750  First American coal mine opens in Virginia

1750  Iron Act encourages colonial pig iron, forbids colonial
steel tools

1751  James Madison, father of our Constitution & 4th President,
born. d.1836

1751  Liberty Bell ordered from England. 50th anniversary Charter
of Privs

1752  Benjamin Franklin goes out to "fly a kite".  A shocking

1752  Franklin invents the lightning rod based on his electrical

1752  First general hospital opens in Philadelphia

1753  George Washington explores western Pa; delivers ultimatum
to French

1754  Benjamin Franklin's Albany Plan of Union remarks on
Iroquoian League

1754  French and Indian War begins; ends formally in 1763 in
Treaty of Paris

1754  King's College, now Columbia University, founded

1754  Major Washington loses battle of Fort Necessity

1755  Braddock's defeat at Pittsburgh; Washington makes Lt

1755  Irish immigrant, Andrew Jackson, born at sea, will become
7th President

1757  Franklin goes to London for 17 year mission for the

1757  D. P. Custis dies, leaves his "The White House" plantation
to wife Martha

1758  James Monroe, 5th President, born in Virginia; dies in 1831

1759  George Washington weds Martha Custis, honeymoons at The
White House

1759  General Wolfe v. Marquis de Montcalm on Plains of Abraham;
both die
1759 Birth of Mary WOLLSTONECRAFT, critic of Rousseau, defender of women's rights; dies 1797
1760  Final subjugation of Canada by England

1760  George III becomes King of England.  Colonial population
1.6 million

1761  Writs of Assistance case tried in Boston

1762  Benjamin Franklin re-designs the harmonica, makes it a
musical instrument

1762  Spain acquires Louisiana from France

1763  Pontiac begins seige of Detroit, now a British fort;
incites other wars

1763  French and Indian War ends with Treaty of Paris signed Sept

1763  Treaty of Paris important because borders of United States

1763  Also in Treaty of Paris, England gains Canada and French
land east of MS

1763  Vigilantes known as Paxton Boys massacre peaceful Conestoga

1763  John Jacob Astor born in Waldorf, Germany

1764  Mozart writes his first symphony, at age eight

1764  Saint Louis founded

1764  Molasses Act modified to produce revenue, in concert with
Revenue Act

1764  Revenue Act.  Taxation without representation introduced in

1764  Committee of Correspondence formed in Boston

1765  Britain tries to raise funds with The Stamp Act; Bostonians

1765  Stamp Act Congress meets in Albany, NY; first inter-colony

1765  Quartering Act requires housing British troops in private

1765  Non-importation agreements arranged in principal colonies

1766  Stamp Act repealed by England in response to Colonial

1766  Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon draw the line at MD & PA

1767  John Quincy Adams, 6th President, born July 11; dies 1848

1767  Daniel Boone crosses Appalachians, keeps heading west

1767  Townshend Duties pile it on higher and deeper, create
Customs Office

1768  Colonies circulate letter complaining of taxation;
Assemblies dissolved

1768  Birth of Tecumseh, near Dayton, OH

1768  New York Chamber of Commerce established

1768  British troops begin occupation of Boston

1769  David Rittenhouse begins astronomy studies

1769  Pontiac murdered by another Indian, near St. Louis

1770  Francisco de Ortega names discovery on west coast for his
patron saint

1770  Ludwig van Beethoven born; dies in 1827

1770  Boston Massacre. Five dead, six wounded on March 5

1770  Townshend Acts repealed, except for that on tea

1771  Battle of Alamance fought in North Carolina

1772  Samuel Adams at Boston Town Hall Meeting publishes list of

1772  Customs schooner "Gaspee" burned off Namquit Point in Rhode

1772  John Sevier organizes independent republic of Watauga in

1773  To save nearly bankrupt East India Company, Parliament
tries a Tea Act

1773  Boston Tea Party. 342 chests of tea go into the drink
December 16

1773  Wm. H. Harrison, 9th President, born Dec 5 in VA, moves to
OH; d. 1841

1773  Perez at Nootka Sound, on Vancouver Island as we now know

1774  Birth of John Chapman, to be known as Johnny Appleseed;
dies 1845

1774  Intolerable Acts include the Coercive Acts

1774  British close the port of Boston in retaliation for tea

1774  Virginia Conventions begin.  Lead to First Continental

1774  First Continental Congress convenes, in Philadelphia, Sept

1774  Declaration and Resolves of First Continental Congress Oct

1774  The Quebec Act nullifies all colonial rights west of Ohio

1775  Of the 3,500 pysicians in the colonies, only 400 are MD by

1775  Patrick Henry says "Give me liberty or give me death!"

1775  Fights at Lexington and Concord follow "the 18th of April,
in '75"

1775  Battle of Breed's Hill mistakenly named after nearby Bunker

1775  Postal system created.  Benjamin Franklin is first Director

1775  Second Continental Congress, again in Philadelphia

1775  Washington accepts promotion to General & Commander In
Chief June 16

1775  Declaration on Taking Up of Arms issued by Continental
Congress, July 6

1775  Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia, declares Martial Law
November 7

1775  Virginians defeat British at Great Bridge; British bombard

1776  General Court of Massachusetts fires Governor, requests he

1776  Common Sense written by Thomas Paine

1776  Virginia Declaration of Rights on June 12; written by
George Mason

1776  Virginia State Constitution adopted June 29, will be model
for all states
1776 Declaration of Independence drafted by Tom Jefferson, with John Adams
1776  Nathan Hale regrets having "but one life to lose",
September 22

1776  Christmas present for Washington at Trenton: 918 German

1777  General Gates defeats General Burgoyne at Saratoga, NY

1777  Congress adopts the American flag with thirteen stars and

1777  Washington's Continental Army winters at Valley Forge

1778  France declares war on England, becomes ally of America

1778  Englishman Capt. James Cook explores west coast of North

1779  Captain Cook explores Sandwich Islands until Hawaiians
murder him

1779  British surrender to Americans at Vincennes

1779  John Paul Jones, in Bon Homme Richard, defeats Pearson, in

1780  Death of John Logan, Cayuga Indian Chief.  Who will mourn
for Logan?

1780  Benedict Arnold attempts to betray West Point

1781  Articles of Confederation go into effect; were drafted in

1781  Cornwallis surrenders to Washington and the allies at
Yorktown, VA

1782  Ninety-six Moravian Christian Indians massacred at
Gnaddenhutton, OH

1782  First U. S. President born in "The United States" is Van
Buren, Dec 5

1783  First daily newspaper is Pennsylvania Evening Post

1784  Benjamin Franklin invents bifocals

1784  Treaty of Ft. Stanwix; Iroquois cede rights north and west
of Ohio R.

1784  Taylor, 12th President, born; dies 1850

1786  Shays's Rebellion in Massachusetts forcibly closes court

1786  Annapolis Convention concludes September 14, suggests Phila

1787  Constitutional Convention opens May 25; concludes business
Sept 17

1787  Northwest Ordinance adopted July 13 by Continental Congress

1787  United States Constitution framed, sent to Congress and

1787  Federalist Papers begin publication in newspapers

1788  New Hampshire is 9th state to ratify Constitution.  It is
now the law

1788  First settlement in Ohio is Marietta, named for Marie

1789  Mackenzie reaches Arctic Ocean via Mackenzie River in W.

1789  French Revolution. Bastille falls Jul 14. Declaration of
Rights Aug 26th

1789  George Washington & John Adams elected as first President &

1789  The Judiciary Act specifies numbers of Federal courts and

1789  Mutiny on the H.M.S. Bounty; survivors establish Pitcairn
Is. colony

1790  Tyler, 10th President, born; dies 1862

1790  Death of Benjamin Franklin April 17

1790  First national census finds 3,929,214 persons eligible to
be counted

1790  Supreme Court meets for the first time; John Jay is Chief

1791  John Carroll of Baltimore made first Roman Catholic Bishop
in U.S.A.

1791  Federal capital to be established in swamplands on the

1791  First ten Amendments are Bill of Rights that go into effect
this year

1791  NWT Governor Arthur St. Clair soundly defeated by Indians
near Ft. Wayne

1792  Captain Robert Gray names newly found river for his ship,

1792  Congress names the Dollar as our unit of currency;
proposer: Jefferson

1792  Post Office established by Congress as a separate entity

1792  New York Stock Exchange organized

1792  Political parties formed; Republicans (to be Democrats) &

1793  Cotton gin invented by Eli Whitney

1793  General Anthony Wayne begins campaign against Indians in SW

1793  John Hancock dies October 8

1793  War between England and France.  U.S.A. declares neutrality

1793  Mackenzie reaches Pacific via Fraser River in western

1794  Battle of Fallen Timbers, near Toledo, OH.  General Wayne
v. Indians

1794  Jay's Treaty requires withdrawal of British troops from

1794  Whiskey Rebellion over excise tax in western Pennsylvania

1795  11th Amendment limits some Federal Judicial power somewhat

1795  Pinckney's Treaty with Spain opens navigation on
Mississippi River

1795  Treaty of Greenville, OH opens up much of Ohio to
settlement by whites

1795  Washington poses for Stuart's portrait, which is now on our
dollar bill

1795  Polk, 11th President, born; dies 1849

1796  Washington retires, gives Farewell Address to the nation

1796  John Adams President, Tom Jefferson Vice President, 71-68
vote margin

1796  Moses Cleaveland reaches mouth of Cuyahoga River on July 22

1796  E Pluribus Unum: "Out of Many, One"; added to American

1798  Alien and Sedition Acts.  Soon to be repealed

1798  Department of the Navy established after 4 years of having
a Navy

1798  Washington comes out of retirement to be Commander In Chief
of Army

1798  XYZ Affair, so named after three anonymous French trouble

1799  French Revolution ends.  Napolean becomes ruler of France

1799  Patrick Henry dies June 6

1799  George Washington dies in Mount Vernon December 14, from

1800  House elects President Jefferson after electoral college
tie with Burr

1800  Spain returns Louisiana to France

1800  Congress establishes Library of Congress

1800  Fillmore, 13th President, born; dies 1874

Historical Time Line 1801-1994

From here you can go to to:

Last Updated: 12/95
Bill Uzgalis
Philosohpy Department
Oregon State University,
Corvallis, Oregon
Office Phone: (503) 737-5650

---------------------------------------------------------- Prepared by Gerald Murphy (The Cleveland Free-Net - aa300) Distributed by the Cybercasting Services Division of the National Public Telecomputing Network (NPTN). Permission is hereby granted to download, reprint, and/or otherwise redistribute this file, provided appropriate point of origin credit is given to the preparer(s) and the National Public Telecomputing Network.