PHL 302
Dr. Uzgalis
Winter 1996





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READING GUIDE: LOCKE ON IDENTITY

Due in class on ...

  1. According to Locke, that one thing cannot have two beginnings of existence, nor two things one beginning follows from:
    a. the definition of substance in general.
    b. the distinction between modes and substances.
    c. the principium individuationis.
    d. all of the above

  2. The principle of identity for masses of atoms is that:
    a. the mass must not gain or lose more than half of its atoms.
    b. the mass ceases to be the same mass by the addition or loss of a single atom.
    c. the identity of masses is determined by the identity of that which they compose, e.g. oak, horse or man.
    d. there is no principle of identity for masses.

  3. The principle of identity for oaks is:
    a. the same as for masses of matter.
    b. that two things cannot be in the same place at the same time.
    c. oaks have a serial identity.
    d. a functional organization which preserves the same individual life.

  4. According to Locke, the distinction between a man and a person is that:
    a. A man is a foetus, a person is a full grown man.
    b. a man is a living human body, while a person is a thinking intelligent being.
    c. a man is a thinking intelligent being, and a person is an immaterial substance.
    d. a man is a featherless biped, while a person is a rational aminal.

  5. The example of the talking rational parrot shows that:
    a. A parrot is not a person.
    b. human form is necessary for being a man.
    c. that carryin on rational discourse is not necessary for being a man.
    d. both b and c.

  6. Locke claims that:
    a. A person being the same, the thinking substance composing it can be different.
    b. A person is the same only when the substance composing it remains the same.
    c. A person may be different even though the thinking substance remain the same.
    d. both a and c.

  7. Locke thinks that the case of the prince and the cobbler shows that:
    a. At the resurection we must have exactly the same body which we had when alive.
    b. that transubstantiation, (i.e. turning wine into the blood of Christ) is impossible.
    c. that at the resurrection we need not have the same body we had when alivein order to retain our personal identity.
    d. that transubstation is possible.

  8. On Locke's view, reincarnation is possible if:
    a. the same thinking substance goes from one body to the next.
    b. the same consciousness goes from one body to the next.
    c. false memory is not possible.
    d. the man is the soul.

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