Francisco de Vitoria 1492-1546

Vitoria is considered a significant contributor to just war theory. He, like Las Casas was concerned with the treatment of the Indians by the conquistadores. However, unlike Las Casas, Vitoria changed his theory so as to justify the Spanish seizure of treasure in the Americas.

Vitoria Time Line

1492 Born in Vitoria, Spain.
1510 Sent to the College Saint-Jacques in Paris where he studies humanities, philosophy and theology.
1516 Begins teaching theology in the ecoles majeures in the College Saint-Jacques.
1522Receives licentiate and doctorate of theology.
1523 Begins teaching theology at St. Gregory's monastery in Valladolid.
1526 Wins the most important chair of theology at the University of Salamanca which he holds until his death.
1546Dies having published little in his life but having influenced greatly the philosophy of international law, of which he is considered the founder. Many of his papers were published postumously.
1926 The Dutch Association of Grotius gives the University of Salamanca a gold medal to honor Vitoria as the founder of international law. The Asociacion Francisco de Vitoria is founded in Spain to study Vitoria and spread his ideas through publications, conferences and courses at the University of Salamanca.

Time Line Sources


    Lectures (as preserved in the notes of his 
    Relectiones (which were his own summaries of his