Task 3: Applying Educational Philosophies
- Complete the chart on Philosophical and Theoretical Orientations to Teaching filling in the information on the aim of education, key points, teaching strategies, teacher role, metaphor, and authors/dates. (Hint: a metaphor provides a picture in mind or way of representing the idea or concept that will help you understand and remember the philosophy. For example, a metaphor for Constructivism might be a building under construction! Likewise, for behaviorism, it might be the teacher as sculptor, the child as clay).
- Once your completed chart has been received by the instructor, you will be emailed with the location of a sample completed chart. Compare the chart you created with the sample, and discuss what you learned from this comparison. (Remember, it's OK to make mistakes-we learn from our errors). What do you now understand that was hard earlier?
- Read the Benchmarks from the Oregon Writing Standards for Grade 3, 5, 8, and 10 related to the Common Curriculum Goal, "Demonstrate knowledge of spelling, grammar, punctuation, capitalization, paragraphing, and citing sources." In a short paragraph for each philosophical and psychological orientation, describe how you might teach a lesson that illuminates that orientation. Why does it do so? You may choose to use the closest grade level at which you plan to teach, or use Grade 3 as it is simplest. For more information on Oregon Standards and Benchmarks in the different subject areas, search the Oregon Department of Education web page.
E-mail your completed task to Sally Atkin, firstname.lastname@example.org, for feedback and grading.
© 1999 LeoNora M. Cohen & Judy Gelbrich, OSU - School of Education