Chemistry 418/518 Nuclear Chemistry Winter 2015

Instructor:   W. Loveland        Office: RC B123           Office Hours: MWF 0800

Email:lovelanw@onid.orst.edu                   web: http://www.orst.edu/dept/nchem

Class Meeting Time and Place: TuTh 1600-1720 Rog 332

Textbooks: Modern Nuclear Chemistry, W. Loveland, D.J. Morrissey, and G.T. Seaborg (Wiley, 2006)

Textbook Errata

 

The book Modern Nuclear Chemistry is being revised. New chapters will be made available to current students

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PLEASE NOTE THAT THE COVERAGE OF A GIVEN TOPIC MIGHT BE SOMEWHAT DIFFERENT THAN THAT IN THE CURRENT BOOK. THAT IS WHAT TEXTBOOK REVISION IS ABOUT

 

 

Course website http://osu.orst.edu/instruct/ch374/ch418518

           

         

Tentative Schedule

Lecture

Date

Topic

Reading

1

1/6

Introduction

Chap. 1

2

1/8

Radioactive Decay Kinetics

Chap. 3

3

1/13

Nuclear Masses and Binding Energy

Chap. 2

4

1/15

QM Properties

Chap. 2

5

1/20

Particle Physics

Chap. 5

6

1/22

Shell Model

Chap. 6.

7

1/24

Collective Model

Chap 6

8

1/27

Alpha Decay

Chap 7

9

1/29

TEST

 

10

2/3

Beta Decay

Chap. 8

11

2/5

GammaDecay

Chap. 9

12

2/10

Nuclear Reactions

Chap. 10

13

2/12

Nuclear Reactions

Chap. 11

14

2/17

Fission

Chap. 12

15

2/19

Astrophysics

Chap 15

16

2/23

Heavy Elements

Chap. 17

17

2/25

Nuclear Medicine

Chap 4

18

3/3

TEST

 

19

20

3/5

3/12

Int. Rad. Matter

Nuclear Forensics

Chap 17

Chap 13

21 3/14 Review  

FINAL EXAMINATION--March 18 0930

GRADING CRITERIA:         Homework 300 pts., Examinations 300 pts., Final 400 pts.,

                                                >250 pts. = C, >500 pts. = B, >750 pts. = A.

          There will be weekly homework assignments.

 

Learning Objectives

 

Students should acquire the ability to explain correctly the major ideas associated with the topics listed below, to work numerical problems involving these concepts and to extend the use of these concepts to unknown situations. The topics are:

(a) the nomenclature used to describe nuclei, their structure, reactions and decay

(b) the structure of nucleons

(c) relativistic descriptions of nuclear phenomena

(d) the systematics of nuclear masses and the use of these masses in calculations

(e) the semi-empirical mass equation

(f) the sizes, shapes and regions of permanent deformation of nuclei

(g) the quantum mechanical properties of nuclei, angular momentum, magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments

(h) radioactive decay kinetics, including equilibria

(i) naturally occurring radioactivity

(j) radiodating

(l) nuclear medicine and radiopharmacy

(m) the nuclear shell model and its application

(n) the collective model and its application

(o) the nucleus as a Fermi gas

(p) alpha decay (energetics, theory, hindrance factors)

(q) beta decay (types, spectral shapes,decay constant)

(r) gamma decay (types, transition probabilities, internal conversion)

(s) nuclear reactions (energetics, cross sections, reaction mechanisms with special emphasis on heavy ion reactions and high energy reactions)

(t) fission (probability of fission, fission product distributions, dynamical proerties and excitation energies of fragments)

(u) nucleosynthesis (primordial and stellar)

(v) the solar neutrino problem

(w) the physics and chemistry of the transuranium elements and their synthesis

(x) The interaction of radiation with matter

 

 

Lesson #1--Introduction to Nuclear Science

Lesson #2--Radioactive Decay Kinetics

Problem Set #1

Due 13 January at start of class

Chapter 1 Problems 8,12,18,21
Chapter 3  Problems 4,9,17
Problem X  Consider that nucleus A decays to nucleus B which is also radioactive.  Assume lambdaA = lambdaB.  Derive an expression for the activity of B as a function of time.  Assume no B is present initially.

Problem Set #2--Due 20 January

Chapter 2 Problems 3,11,12,16,19

 

Problem Set #3 --Due 27 January

Problem 5.6 (handout), 6-1,6-7,6-9,6-10

 

Problem Set #4 --Due 10 February

Problems 7-5, 7-13, 8-2, 8-4, 9-3, 9-8

 

Problem Set #5--Due 17 February

Problems 10-2, 10-5,10-8, 10-11, 10-15

 

Problem Set #6--Due 24 February

Problem 11-1, 11-4, 11-8, 12-1, 12-5, 12-11

 

Problem Set #7--Due 10 March

Problems 15-1,15-5,17-7,17-19,4-4,4-6

 

 

alphasimulation

betasimulation

questionsheet

spreadsheets

 

radioactive-dating-game

bateman.xls

radioactivedecayequilibria

 

Lesson #3--Nuclear Masses

masses.xls

Lesson #4--Quantum Mechanical Properties of the Nucleus

 

 

Lesson #5 Particle Physics

Particle Physics animation

Lesson #6 The Shell Model

Lesson #7 The Collective and Fermi Gas Models

 

 

Lesson #8 Alpha Decay

one-body.xls

Parkhomenko-Sobiczewski.xls

 

 

 

 

Lesson #9 Beta Decay

Lesson9supplementalmaterial

betadecayanimation

weakforceanimation

X-raysandAugeremission

 

 

 

Lesson10 Gamma Decay

Xe problem soln

 

 

 

Lesson #11 Nuclear Reactions 1

Lesson #12 Nuclear Reactions 2

Catkin

Catkin spreadsheet

 

 

 

 

Lesson #13 Fission

Lesson #14 Nuclear Astrophysics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson #15 The Transuranium Elements

Lesson#16 Nuclear Medicine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interaction of Radiation with Matter--Charged Particles

Range package

range.for

range.dat

range1.dat

range3.dat

range.exe

Interaction of Radiation with Matter--Photons and Neutrons

Detectors