Bioregionalism

Bioregions and Ecoregions

Bioregions are defined by flora and fauna, but they also have a strong social component of place.

Ecoregions are defined by ecological criteria more than the social and cultural dimensions.

For discussion of bioregionalsim see:

Bioregional Critique:

Gaia - The Earth Goddess

Gaia is viewing the biosphere as a single organism. Gaia is a dynamic organism, adapting to system changes. References include:

J.E. Lovelock, 1979, Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

"Gaia, The vieled goddes," pp. 101-107, In The Economist, December 22, 1990.

"An Amazonian Tribe's View of Cosmology," pp. 186-195 by Martin von Hildebrand, In Gaia, the Thesis, the Mechanisms, the Implications, Peter Bunyard and Edward Goldsmith, eds. (1988).

Anthony Weston, 1987, Forms of Gaian Ethics, Environmental Ethics, 9(3):217-230.

Interpretations of Gaia

The ultimate organismic analogy

very spiritual

Rafal Serafin, 1988, "Noosphere, Gaia, and the Science of the Biosphere," Environmental Ethics, 10(2):121-137.

The Russian natural scientist Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky (1863-1945) "was one of the first to popularize the notion of biosphere, and developed a concept of noosphere: an evolving worldwide awareness of ever increasing human intervention into biogeochemical cycles, leading in turn to ever more deliberate and purposeful human control of global biogeochemistry (Serafin, 1988:122).

"The belief that humans have a duty to modify the biosphere through science and technology lay at the heart of the notion of noosphere (Serafin 1988:130).

Biosphere - the medium for living matter, the envelop that sustains life

Noosphere - an evolving human awareness of an increasing human consciousness

leads to ever more deliberate and human control of the biosphere

leads to ever more understanding of the oneness of all life



smithc at onid.orst.edu
Updated:Wednesday, 06-Feb-2008 10:03:47 PST URL is http://www.orst.edu/instruct/anth481/ectop/ecbior.html