Value-Added Food Product Development

Food Processing Technologies

 Photo of canned cherries as example of canning processing
Canning
Photo of dried apple as example of food drying process 
Drying
 Photo of bags of frozen vegetables as example of freezing processing
Freezing

Canning can be a safe and economical way to preserve quality food. Canning practices remove oxygen; destroy enzymes; kill and prevent the growth of undesirable bacteria, yeasts, and molds; and help form a high vacuum in cans.

Canning resources

Drying is the oldest method of preserving food, and is the process of removing water from food by circulating hot air through it or other means, which prohibits the growth of enzymes and bacteria.

Drying resources

Freezing is a quick and convenient way to preserve fruits and vegetables. It does not sterilize foods or destroy the organisms that cause spoilage; the extreme cold slows the growth of microorganisms and the chemical changes that affect quality or cause spoilage.

Freezing resources

 Photo of fresh salad mixes as example of fresh storage process
Fresh Storage
 Photo of guacamole (and chips) as example of food using high pressure processing
High Pressure
 Photo of foods processed using irradiation process
Irradiation

Fresh storage refers to storage of fresh produce include refrigeration to minimize growth of microorganisms and reduce enzyme activity; packaging or storage to control respiration rate and ripening; and use of preservatives to kill microorganisms.

Fresh storage resources

High hydrostatic pressure is a novel food processing technology in which foods are subjected to high isostatic pressure, generally in the range of 100-600 MPa, at or around room temperature.

High pressure resources

Food Irradiation utilizes a source of ionizing energy that passes through food to destroy harmful bacteria and other organisms. It is often referred to as "cold pasteurization" as it does not substantially raise the temperature of the food during processing.

Food irradiation resources

 Photo of strawberry jam as example of jellies and preserves processing
Jelly & Preserves
 Photo of jars of pickled products as example of pickling and fermenting process
Pickling & Fermentation
 Photo of cherries being sprayed with disinfectant as an example of surface disinfection process
Surface Disinfection

Jellies and preserves are gelled or thickened fruit products with a low pH, cooked and preserved with sugars. Products include fruit butters, jellies, preserves, jams and similar products.

Jellies and preserves resources

Pickled or fermented products cure for several weeks. Curing changes the color, flavor, and texture of the product. Lactic acid produced during fermentation helps preserve the product.

Pickling and fermentation resources

Chemical disinfectant agents are used to decontaminate the surface of fruits and vegetables in addition to washing with water. The agents may include, chlorine, chlorine dioxide, hydrogen peroxide, trisodium phosphate, ozone, and organic acids.

Surface disinfection resources