1101 FOAPAL Elements
Fiscal Operations Manual
Section 1100: Banner Processes
Acronym for the six chart of accounts elements used to process financial data. FIS term standing for Fund, Organization, Account, Program, Activity and Location codes.
A Fund identifies the type of resource, how it can be spent, and represents a financial entity that requires a balance sheet. This means that each fund represents revenues and expenses across all involved departments and offices for a given financial area. At a minimum, all funds must be reconciled at year-end. Exhibits FIS-Ex003-18: Fund Reconciliation Responsibility by Fund and FIS-Ex003-19: Fund Reconciliation Responsibility by Unit indicate who has the responsibility for reconciliation of each fund at OSU.
Funds 0XXXXX are Education and General Funds (E&G) that are subject to expenditure limitations. These funds are allocated to colleges and departments through the budget process. Annual expenditures of these Funds should not exceed their budget.
- All cash deposited in E&G Funds is to carry an income Account Code (0xxxx) unless the deposit is a true refund of a previously expensed item. See definition of Reduction of Expense. Cash income is budgeted, and the authority to spend the cash will be in the expenditure budget. If actual cash deposits exceed the revenue budget, the expenditure budget may be increased by the Office of Budgets and Fiscal Planning. Without this expenditure budget increase, the over realized revenue could not be spent. Cash received as a gift is not to be deposited in E&G funds; see FIS 102-05: Gift Income. Income from service and testing functions should be recorded in 05XXXX Designated Operations funds.
- Non cash revenue (Service Credits – Account Code 79xxx) is a means to shift expenditures that decrease a Fund’s unexpended budget balance to other Fund(s) that benefited from the expenditures. The Service Credit is used instead of transferring specific expenditures. The opposite entry on the Journal Voucher is an expense Account Code.
Funds 01XXXX are specific appropriations or educational funds outside of the general budget. Examples are lottery allocations, plant rehab allocations, and summer session. Except for the funding source, cash deposits, miscellaneous cash deposits, and service credits normally would not be recorded in these Funds.
Funds 03XXXX are Funds unique to Agriculture Experiment Stations, Extension Service, and Forest Research Lab. These Funds are defined as General Funds or Statewide Public Service Funds (SWPS) and are subject to the cash deposit and service credit rules noted in the E&G Funds above.
Funds 05XXXX are Designated Operating Funds outside of the General Fund. The purpose of these funds is to account for specific activities such as labs, workshops, etc.
- These Funds are not in the University’s budget process and are required to maintain a positive fund balance.
- A negative Fund Balance is to be funded by a payment from the college or unit responsible for the Designated Operating Fund.
- Because these Funds are not a part of State appropriations, they are required to pay their share of the operation of the State of Oregon and administrative support provided them by the university.
- The activities carried on in the Designated Operating Funds may also be carried on within the E&G Funds, but funded by budget rather than outside revenue.
For further information, see
Funds 060XXX are unrestricted gifts to the University that may be used at the discretion of the University. These Funds should not carry a negative cash balance.
Funds 065XXX through 067XXX are Technology Transfer Funds. The 067XXX funds are used to accumulate income generated from OSU technologies and the associated cost of individual inventions, patents, and publication copyrights. These funds may carry a negative cash balance when income is forthcoming, but has not been received.
After payment is made to the OSU faculty member (inventor or author) for their percentage (per OAR 580-043-0011), the balance will be distributed between the Technology Transfer Office and the university department according to university policy found on the Research Office website. The distribution to the department will be into a 065xxx or 066xxx fund. The amounts in these funds are to be used for the advancement of research, instruction, and other intellectual pursuits.
For further information, see IMD 6.205.
Funds 090XXX are Service Departments. The purpose of a Service Department is to provide services to the University that would not be economical at the departmental or activity level. In theory, Service Departments pay for their operational cost and pass those costs through to their customers so that their Fund Balance is zero at year-end.
- Service Departments must comply with the University’s Service Department Policy. If compliance is not possible, the Service Department will be absorbed by their college or reclassified as a Designated Operating Fund. See FIS 1403-04: Service Center Operations for more information.
- Because Service Departments are passing on costs to their University customers, their Journal Voucher revenue is recorded with account codes 09xxx. Cash deposits from external customers will use the 0xxxx Income Account Codes.
See FIS 1401-02: Sales of Goods and Services
Funds 095XXX are Clearing Funds. Clearing Funds are a means to accumulate revenue or costs that are allocable or applicable to many Funds or Indexes. Examples are Payroll Clearing, Indirect Cost Clearing, etc. Since these Funds are only temporary holding Funds, they must be zeroed out at the end of the Fiscal Year.
Funds 1XXXXX are Auxiliary Enterprise Funds. These Funds are to provide services to students, faculty, and staff as individuals. These funds are used to account for operations that are financed and operated in a manner similar to private business enterprises and in support of, but not directly related to, the educational mission of the University. Examples include the Memorial Union, Housing, Student Health Service, Parking Services and Athletic Department. Goods, services and debt service are provided on a self-supporting basis.
Funds 438xxx are Restricted Endowment Earnings from an outside endowment source. Use of these funds is restricted by the will or legal endowment document. These funds are interest bearing.
Funds 49XXXX are Student Loan Funds.
Funds 6XXXXX are Endowment Funds or Funds that act as Endowment Funds that are subject to the terms and restrictions placed on the use of these funds by the donor’s will or gift instrument.
- Earnings on the endowment funds are recorded in Gift funds. No expenditures are to take place in the endowment fund itself.
Funds 80XXXX through 82XXXX are separately funded repair or capital construction projects of OSU, including projects outside the main campus. These projects may be funded by bonds, lottery, grants, or gifts. See FIS 600 Plant Funds and Fixed Assets.
Funds 83XXXX through 84XXXX are building and equipment replacement reserves. Auxiliary Enterprises and Service Centers must contribute to these reserves annually. Equipment must be purchased directly from operational funds, not reserve funds. The building repair dollars must be transferred to other 80XXXX Funds for expenditure on major repairs and remodeling. Operating funds should be used for minor repairs.
Funds 85XXXX through 88XXXX are Debt Retirement Funds.
Funds 89XXXX are investment in Plant Funds. This series of Funds report the cost of land, buildings, equipment, and improvements other than buildings.
Funds 9XXXXX are Agency Funds. These funds are established for outside entities affiliated with and residing at OSU to facilitate ease of use of OSU services, such as direct charging from telecommunications, printing/mailing services, or OSU Bookstore. Examples include: student campus organizations, OSU Alumni Association, National Marine Fisheries Service ground fish group. The balance in this fund is owned by the agency, not OSU. Expenditures are not reported in OSU's financial statements. These funds cannot be used to make salary payments. Employees of the agency are not OSU employees.
Funds BXXXXX through ZXXXXX are Restricted Gifts, Grants, and Contracts. These are usually identified by a leading alpha character in FIS. The restrictions are placed on these funds by the donor or funding entity. The restrictions may be as to who can spend the funds or what they can be spent on.
An Organization (ORG) is normally defined as a distinct budgetary unit, such as a department within a college. Organization codes are used to create an organizational hierarchy so there can be a summarization of sub-units of a larger organizational entity. Examples of organizations would be:
College of Forestry Business Affairs
Department of Chemistry Facilities Services
Radiation Center Army ROTC
Intercollegiate Athletics Library
Account Codes are used to track specific object level financial transactions. FIS separates accounts into two categories. One category relates to the Operating Ledger (OPAL) and includes revenue, expenses and transfers. The second category relates to the general ledger (GL), and includes assets, liabilities and fund balances. The OPAL accounts are numeric, while the GL accounts are alpha/numeric. Examples of accounts would be:
Accounts Receivable Accounts Payable
Academic Salaries Classified Salaries
Operating Supplies Telephone Charges
In-State Travel – Employee Equipment
See the OUS Fiscal Policy Manual, Section 2: Account Codes for a complete list of account codes and definitions.
Program codes are used to identify institutional functions. Functions are usually tracked across Funds, Organizations and Accounts. Research, Instruction, and Departmental Administration are examples of Programs. See FIS 1101-01: Program Codes and FIS-Ex 003-03: Program Codes Decision Tree
Activity codes are not mandatory, and may be used at the discretion of the individual users to capture additional levels of detail not available elsewhere in FIS. As with all other FOAPAL codes, activity codes must be first established in Banner before they can be used.
Location codes indicate a physical location. This allows assets to be tracked for both accountability and depreciation. Location codes are required on all construction projects.
INDEX is a combination of Fund, ORG, and Program. This code (Index) is used to process expenses and record income.