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VII. Employee Training
- Each employee shall receive training at the time of initial assignment to the laboratory, before assignments involving new exposure situations, and at a regular frequency as determined by the Laboratory Chemical Hygiene Officer. Training is mandatory and OR-OSHA inspections are likely to include a survey of random individuals about the knowledge required to be presented in this training. Training will include:
- Location and details of the OSU Chemical Hygiene Plan (this document) and, if applicable, the Laboratory Chemical Hygiene Plan;
- A review of the Laboratory Safety Rules (Reference 25);
- How to use SDS’s and their utility in the laboratory
- Location of the Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs) for OSHA-regulated substances (Reference 8);
- Chemical hazards in the laboratory, including medical signs and symptoms associated with acute and chronic exposure to those chemicals present in the laboratory that are potentially hazardous to the employee's health given quantities in use. Quantaties may include very small amounts for carcinogens such as benzidine or large quantities for solvents with PELs over 500 ppm such as acetone;
- Location and availability of reference material on chemical safety;
- Location and proper use of emergency showers and eye washes for employees who might be exposed to chemical splashes and discussion of chemicals in the lab requiring urgent medical action. Exceptions to 15-minute flushing with water (e.g., hydrofluoric acid) must be discussed;
- Location and use of fire extinguishers and other lab safety equipment and personal protective equipment relevant to the employee's work;
- Building escape routes for use in the event of a fire or serious release of agents that are hazardous.
- Supervisors are required to document all training (Reference 24).
B. Hazard Information
- The Hazard Communication booklet should be available in each laboratory (Reference 9)
- Safety Data Sheets (SDS's) describe relevant safety and health information for a chemical. SDS's for chemicals used in the laboratory should be in each laboratory or access to pre-defined SDS electronic compiliations bookmrked on a computer system n the lab or adjoining office.
- SDS's can be obtained from EH&S.
C. Personal Protection
- All standard laboratory safety practices, such as the wearing of eye protection, shall be observed.
- Prohibited Activities in Laboratories Where Chemicals are Used. There shall be no eating, drinking, storage of food, or application of cosmetics (or similar activies) in areas where chemicas are used.
- Pipetting. Pipetting of chemicals by mouth is absolutely prohibited. Mechanical pipettes shall be used for pipetting.
- Supplementary Training. The Chemical Safety Committee will be responsible for providing periodic workshops and training sessions which cover current information, procedures and equipment available for the use of chemicals in laboratories.