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Beneficial nematodes
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bronze birch borer
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bulb flies
carpet beetle New
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Ceanothus stem gall moth
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craneflies
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dogwood sawfly
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earwigs
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European pine shoot moth
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Fall webworm
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ground mealybug
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lady beetle gallery
leaf weevil
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March flies
mountain ash sawfly
spruce aphid on spruce
oak ambrosia beetle
oak slug
obscure root weevil
Pacific flatheaded borer
peach tree borer
peach twig borer
pear psylla
pear leaf-curling midge
pear sawfly New
pine needle scale
poplar and willow borer
rose curculio weevil
rose midge
roseslug
sawflies
scale
sequoia pitch moth
speckled green fruitworm
spittlebug
tent caterpillars
thrips
viburnum leaf beetle
violet gall midge
western poplar clearwing
western spotted cucumber beetle
white pine weevil
whiteflies
woolly ash aphid

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Viburnum leaf beetle

Viburnum leaf beetle, Pyrrhalta viburni (Paykull), is a chrysomelid beetle, aptly named, as it feeds on leaves of viburnum. The damage potential from the beetle is quite extensive, if not managed. The beetle, first introduced from Europe to Ontario, Canada in 1947, has spread and is reported from Connecticut, Maine (1994), Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York (1996), Pennsylvania, Ohio (2002), Pennsylvania,and Vermont. The beetle has been found in a number of sites in Whatcom County in Washington State. It had previously been found in British Columbia.

Biology and Life cycle: Viburnum leaf beetle overwinters in the egg stage. Eggs are inserted into pits chewed into the stems, generally in a straight line. Larvae hatch from the eggs in the spring mid-late April. There are three larval stages (instars). Larvae eventually drop or crawl down the trunk of the plant to pupate in the soil. Pupae remain in the soil for about 10 days. Adults are found in the summer in July. Both larvae and adults feed on leaves. Adult females begin laying eggs in the late summer and fall. She can lay up to 500 eggs during her lifetime. There is only one generation per year.

Monitoring and damage: Look for oviposition scars on current year's growth. Look for holes in leaves in the spring by the larvae. They usually feed on the leaf undersides. Like many leaf beetle larvae, they superficially resemble a caterpillar but lack crochets (hooked appendages) on the prolegs. The newly hatched larvae are very small, around 1/8" long and are light yellow to tan. Their feeding damage tends to be leaf skeletonization. Larger larvae are light to dark green with black spots.The adult beetles are bronze-brown color and similar in size to an elm leaf beetle. Feeding by the adults tend to show up as larger holes in the leaves. Dieback from oviposition can also lead to terminal dieback on stems.

The following websites have useful information and images of viburnum leaf beetle:

Resources:

Webinar: Viburnum Leaf Beetle through Emerald Ash Borer University New April 21, 2011

Poor plant defenses promote invasive beetle's success, not lack of predators Cornell Chronical Online. April 11, 2011

Pest Alert! The Viburnum Leaf Beetle

Cornell's Viburnum Leaf Beetle: Citizen Science This site has some very nice information including a list of the Susceptibility to infestation

 

Viburnum leaf beetle feeding frenzy
viburnum leaf beetle feeding
Photo: Todd Murray, WSU
Extensive viburnum leaf beetle damage in landscape.
viburnum leaf beetle landscape damage
Photo: Todd Murray, WSU
Feeding damage and viburnum leaf beetle
viburnum leaf beetle feeding damage
Photo: Todd Murray, WSU
Feeding pattern on leaf
viburnum leaf beetle leaf damage
Photo: Todd Murray, WSU
Viburnum leaf beetle oviposition damage
viburnum leaf beetle oviposition damage
Photo: Todd Murray, WSU
Viburnum leaf beetle adult
viburnum leaf beetle adult
Photo: Todd Murray, WSU
Viburnum leaf beetle adults
viburnum leaf beetle adults
Photo: Todd Murray, WSU
Website editor:
Robin Rosetta

Page last modified 5/5/11

 

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