Ternstroemia gymnanthera (syn. Ternstroemia japonica) Theaceae
Japanese Ternstroemia tern-STRO-mi-a jim-NAN-ther-a
- Broadleaf evergreen shrub/tree, 8-10 ft (2.5-3 m) high, 5-6 ft (1.5-1.8 m ) spread, distinctly upright oval, densely branched, can be grown as a small tree. Leaves simple, alternate (but appear whorled at end of stems), leathery, narrow-oblong to ovate-oblong, 6-10 cm long, apex bluntly pointed, wedge shaped at base, lustrous dark green above and paler below, petiole reddish (petioles and buds together form a "red eye" at the base of a leaf cluster). New growth is reddish, leaves may turn bronze color in winter. Flowers perfect, white to yellowish, 12 mm diam., borne singly or 2 to 3 together, late spring. Fruit is egg-shaped, 2.5 cm long, green to yellow, red-orange, ripens in early fall.
- Shade or partial shade. Prefers moist, well-drained soil, intolerant of wet sites. Responds well to pruning.
- Hardy USDA Zone 7 Native to Japan, Korea, Tiawan, China, India, Borneo.
- Ternstroemia: after Christopher Ternstroem, Swedish naturalist and traveller in China, died 1748.
- Oregon State Univ. campus: north side of the Memorial Union, west end.