Rosa nutkana Rosaceae
Nootka Rose, Common Wild Rose RO-za nut-KAN-uh
- Deciduous shrub, stout and erect, about 3-6 ft (~1-2 m) tall, thicket forming; stems have few to many stiff prickles ("thorns"), small and large ones intermixed, the larger ones generally are flattened and thick-based and more or less straight. Leaves alternate, pinnately compound, 5-10 cm long, stipule margins glandular, 5-9 leaflets, each sparsely hairy and glandular, terminal leaflet 20-40 mm long, usually widely elliptic, the base generally rounded, apex obtuse, margins single- to double-toothed and may be glandular. Flowers commonly borne singly, 5-6 cm across, calyx lobes often leaf-like at tips, petals 2.5-4 cm long, deep pink with a slight magenta tinge (rarely white), fragrant. Fruit showy red, globose to pear shaped, 1-2 cm wide, without a neck, calyx lobes remain attached.
- Sun to shade. Moist to drier soils.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 5 Native to much of the west, from Alaska to northern California and east to the Rocky Mountains. Several supspecies identified.
- nutkana: variant of Nootka, name of the Native Peoples inhabiting Vancouver Island in British Columbia and northwest Washington.