Rosa gymnocarpa Rosaceae
Little Wood Rose, Wood Rose, Baldhip Rose RO-za jim-no-CAR-pah
- Broadleaf deciduous shrub, erect, finely branched, to 6 ft (1.8 m), stems slender, armed with fine, needle-like, prickles, mixed with bristles. Leaves alternate, compound, 5-9 leaflets, each 1-4 cm, elliptic to ovate to round, often tinged with brown or purple and covered with a dull waxy bloom, usually hairless on both sides. Stipules narrow. Flowers pink, solitary or up to 4 in a cluster, 2.5-4 cm wide. Fruit (hip) spherical to pear-shaped, red, 6-10 mm, smooth (i.e., Baldhip Rose), calyx deciduous; hips remain on plants throughout the winter.
- Sun to shade. Moist to drier soils.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 5 Native to much of the west, from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Coast and from British Columbia to southern California.
- gymnocarpa: naked fruit, [possibly a reference to the smooth, hairless fruit (hip), with a deciduous calyx].