Rosa eglanteria (syn. R. rubiginosa) Rosaceae
Sweetbriar Rose, Eglantine Rose RO-za eg-lan-TER-i-a
- Deciduous shrub, erect, to 8 ft (2.4 m), dense, much-branched, stems armed with large oval-based, recurved prickles ("thorns"). Leaves alternate, compound, 5-9 leaflets, each 1-3 cm long, ovate to rounded, margins doubly serrate, dark green and usually hairless above, downy below, aromatic, a sweet green apple or cider odor when bruised, especially in damp weather; paired stipules sharply pointed, about 1.3 cm long, margins finely serrate; rachis and petioles glandular-pubescent. Flowers mostly pink, sometimes white, 4 cm across, borne singly or 2-4 per cluster. Fruit (hip) orange to scarlet, ovoid to elliptical, smooth, 13-20 mm long, calyx persistent.
- Sun to light shade. Moist soils. May be used as hedge or screen, can be held to 4 ft (1.2 m) by annual pruning. Sometimes planted for its aromatic foliage.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native to Europe, North Africa, to western Asia. Often planted in North America, it has frequently escaped from cultivation and in the Pacific West it is found from British Columbia south on the west side of the Cascades into northern California, often naturalized along roadsides and in pastures.
- eglanteria: from Old French aiglantine, prickly.
- Oregon State Univ. campus: south of Peavy, near walk north of Drydan.