Rhaphiolepis indica (syn. Raphiolepis) Rosaceae
Indian Hawthorn raf-i-o-LE-pis IN-di-ka
- Broadleaf evergreen shrub, to about 6 ft (2 m) tall and wide, dense. Leaves alternate, simple, elliptic to lanceolate, 4-11 cm long, pointed, sharply serrated, leathery, glossy dark green. Flowers perfect, white to pinkish, 1.5 cm across, in loose clusters. Fruit bluish-black, about 1.5 cm diam.
- Sun, prefers moist, well-drained soil, will tolerate drought. Susceptible to fungus leaf spot in some areas.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 8 Native southern China.
- The species type is not often used in landscaping, but a number of selections are available, some of which, although often listed as R. indica, are actually the hybrid R. × delacouri (R. indica × R. umbellata).