Pinus pinea Pinaceae
Italian Stone Pine, Umbrella Pine PI-nus pi-nee-a, pee-nee-a
- Conifer, evergreen tree, 40-80 ft (12-25 m) tall, similar width, crown broadly arched, umbrella-shaped,
bark on older trees reddish or yellowish brown. Leaves (needles) in 2's, 10-15 cm long and about
2 mm wide, stiff, twisted, apex sharp, margins finely toothed (dentate), dorsal side with about 12 stomatal
lines, ventral side with about 6, sheath 10-12 mm long. Cones usually solitary, terminal,
occasionally grouped 2-3, broadly oval, 8-15 cm long and up to 10 cm wide, glossy brown, often up to 100
seeds per cone, seeds large and edible (pine nuts) and are collected commercially from trees stands and
forests, especially in Spain and Portugal.
- Sun. Heat tolerant. Good for sandy soils and beach areas. Eventually too large for small gardens(Sunset Western Garden Book)
- Hardy to USDA Zone 8 Its native range may be impossible to determine for
man has expanded its growing range for thousands of years; its range now includes the Canary Islands, the entire
Mediterranean region and into Turkey.
- Pinus pinea is the species of pine commemorated in the musical piece, The Pines of Rome, which is
part of the Roman Trilogy composed by Ottorino Resphigi in 1924.
- pinea: relating to pine, apparently the classical Latin name for pine nuts.
- Silverton, Oregon: The Oregon Garden - Conifer Garden.