Pinus monophylla Pinaceae
Singleleaf Piņon Pine, One-leaved Pine
PI-nus mono-FI-la, mono-FEE-la
- Conifer, evergreen, tree to 50 ft (15 m) tall, slow growing, often multistemmed, upswept branches, rounded or flat crown. Leaves single, rarely 2 per bundle, about 3 cm long, stiff, thick, circular in cross section, prickly, gray-green and striped. Cones short stalked, to 5 cm long, wider, thick scales which curve downward, seeds are large (10-15 mm), heavy, edible (pine nuts).
- Sun. Drought resistant.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 5 Native to a large part of western and southwestern North America, from southern Idaho, western Utah and northwestern Arizona, southwestern New Mexico, through Nevada and eastern, central and southern California (Mojave Desert) to northern Baja California.
- monophylla: single leaf, one needle per "bundle", Greek, mone, one; and phyllos, leaves.