Pinus halepensis Pinaceae
Aleppo Pine, Jerusalem Pine
- Conifer, evergreen tree, about 30-50 ft (10-15 m) tall, irregular crown with short ascending branches, columnar when young, umbrella or globose shape when older; trunk often bowed or twisted. Bark gray, smooth for a long time then finally brown. Leaves (needles) in 2 per bundle, occasionally 3, outspread, often clustered at branch tips, 6-10 cm long, thin (0.8 mm), margin finely serrate, light green, stomatal lines on both sides, sheath about 8 mm long, persistent. Cones single or groups of 2-3, short stalked, usually straight, broadly conical-oblong in 3rd year, 8-10 cm long, to 4 cm wide, red-brown to nearly yellow, may remain attached several years after ripening.
- Sun takes poor soil and difficult conditions, e.g., desert heat and sea coast.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 8 Native to the Mediterranean region; Morocco and Spain to Libya, Greece and Israel. Now common in California and the Southwest.
- Aleppo: an ancient city in northern Syria (Halab or Halep in Aribic).
- halepensis: of Halep or Aleppo