Olea europaea (syn. Olea europaea var. europaea) Oleaceae
Common Olive O-lee-a eu-ro-PIE-a
- Broadleaf evergreen, tree, much branched, slow growing, to 20-30 ft (6-10 m) tall, slightly less in width, forming a rounded head, becoming irregular with age. Stems gray becoming gnarled, bumpy and contorted with age; attractive trunk. Leaves simple, opposite, elliptic to lanceolate, to 8 cm long, margin may be irregularly toothed, leathery, gray-green on top, underside silver-green. Flowers small, off-white, fragrant, in axillary clusters (panicles) about 5 cm long. Fruit spherical to ovoid, green, then ripening to purple-black, about 4 cm long.
- Sun, Deep soil, minimal irrigation required.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 8 Native to the Mediterranean, cultivated for millennia.
- Used in bonsai.
- europea: of Europe