Mitchella repens Rubiaceae
Partridgeberry, Twinberry mit-CHEL-a, my-CHEL-luh REE-penz
- Broadleaf evergreen trailing ground cover or subshrub, less than 6 cm high and smooth stem 15-30 cm long and
rooting at nodes. Leaves simple, in opposite pairs, obiculate-ovate, small, about 0.5-2 cm long,
dark green and shiny above, with a pale yellow mid-rib, and the lower surface often variegated with whitish lines; short petioles.
Flowers white, often tinged in purple, in pairs, trumpet-shaped, 0.8-2 cm long. Fruit
red berry-like, in pairs, globose, edible, but tasteless, persisting the entire winter, containing up to 8 seeds.
- Partial shade. Needs acidic, moist, humus rich soil.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 2 Large native range, from Nova Scotia to Ontario
and Minnesota and south to Texas and Florida. There is a naturally occurring form that produces
white berries, it is called Michella repens f. leucocarpa.