Winterberry, Winterberry Holly, Michigan Holly, Christmas Berry, Black Alder I-leks ver-ti-si-LA-ta
- Deciduous shrub, to 10 ft (3 m), spreading branches, oval to broad-rounded, suckers and forms multistemmed clumps. Leaves alternate, simple, variable shaped (elliptic to oblong-lanceolate), 3.5-7 cm long, tip acute or acuminate, base wedge-shaped (cuneate), margin singly or doubly serrate, dark green above, usually pubescent below, at least on the veins. Dioecious -male and female plants. Flowers white, 4-7 parted, short stalked, male flowers 3-10 per cluster, female flowers singly or 2-3 per cluster. Fruit globose, bright red, about 6 mm wide, often in pairs.
- Sun to partial shade. Adapts to many soil types, best in moist, organic soil.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 3 Native range extends over much of eastern and central North America. Many selections available in commerce, Dirr (1998) lists over 30.