Gaultheria shallon Ericaceae
Salal gawl-THEE-ree-a SHA-lon
- Broadleaved evergreen shrub, less than 2 ft (0.6 m) tall in full sun and poor soil, but 4-10 ft (1.2-3 m) in shade and good soil, nearly equal spread, dense, developing into thickets, branches erect. Leaves alternate, simple, oval-rounded, glossy bright green, 5-10 cm long, bristly serrate. Flowers urn-shaped, white or pinkish, borne in late spring. Fruit, 1 cm rounded, black, ripen in summer, edible but bland. Birds attracted to the fruit.
- Sun or part shade, acid soils, good companion for rhododendron and ferns. Difficult to transplant. Sold by florists as "lemon leaves".
- Hardy to USDA Zone 6 Native to western North America, from Alaska to California, where it is a common forest understory shrub. Predominantly found at lower elevations due to its frost sensitivity. David Douglas brought seed to Britain in 1828 so the plant could be used as a garden ornamental.
- Gaultheria: after Jean-François Gaulthier (c. 1708-1758), botanist and physician of Quebec.
shallon: the native name
- Oregon State Univ. campus: west of Milam Hall.