Drimys winteri Winteraceae
Winter's Bark, Pepper Bark, Canelo DRIM-is WIN-ter-i, WIN-te-ree
- Evergreen tree or often a multi-stemmed shrub, to about 25 ft (7.5 m) tall, but reaches 50 ft (15 m) in its native habitat, branches droop, bark mahogany red, aromatic. Leaves simple, alternate,
leathery, elliptical to oblong-lanceolate, 3-20 cm long and 1-8 cm wide, margin entire, bright glossy green
above, whitish bloom below; peppery odor when crushed. Flowers with cream to white 5-7 petals,
sepals red, as many as 10 flowers per cluster; blooms in winter or spring, fragrant. Fruit bluish
then glossy black.
- Sun or light shade, well-drained soil.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 8 Native to Argentina and Chile.
- winteri: after Captain William Winter who sailed with Sir Francis Drake who collected bark for
medicinal and culinary purposes (Coombes, 1985).
- Winter's Bark: The aromatic bark is used to treat certain stomach problems. Reportedly natives
recommended a tea made of the bark of this plant to cure Captain Winter's stomach problems, the tea cured
his ailment, hence the name.
- Aurora, Oregon: Oregon State Univ., North Willamette Research and Extension Center