Crataegus laevigata (syn. C. oxyacantha)
English Hawthorn, English Midland Hawthorn
- Deciduous shrub or tree, 5-20 ft (4.5-6 m), low branching, rounded top, dense thorny branches, thorns to 2.5 cm long. Leaves alternate, broad-ovate to obovate, 3-5 rounded lobes of variable size, serrulate, glossy green, no fall color. Flowers white to pinkish, 15-18 mm wide, with 20 stamens, red anthers, 2-3 styles, in clusters (corymbs) of up to 12 blooms. Fruit red, ovate-globose, usually 2 seeded.
- Sun, very susceptible to rust, hawthorn leaf spot and blight, which may cause the tree to nearly defoliate in early summer. Several cultivars, probably the most common are Crimson CloudTM and Paul's Scarlet
- Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native to Europe, north Africa, and India.
- Has been cultivated for ages in hedges and gardens and is often confused with C. monogyna (also called English Hawthorn or Common Hawthorn) and C. × media (hybrids of C. monogyna × C. laevigata).